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Exploring Terrestrial Surface Process Coursework

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Updated: Jul 24th, 2022

Weather is a snapshot description of earth’s atmospheric conditions at a particular location and time that is characterized by temperature, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, barometric pressure, and wind speed.

Objective

To complete several scientific inquires of changing weather conditions at various locations.

Explorations

Location: Nairobi TODAY YESTERDAY ONE YEAR A GO TODAY
Maximum Temperature (using F) 75 81 73
Minimum Temperature (using F) 55 57 60
Average Humidity (using %) 50 73 70
Day’s Precipitation (using inches) 0.04 0.05 0.06
Barometric (or Sea Level) Pressure(inches Hg) 30.09 30.09 30.10
Wind Speed (mph) 12 NE 6NW 10NE

Graphical analysis of yesterday’s weather

Graphical analysis of yesterday’s weather

Today’s weather is quite distinguished from yesterday’s weather in several aspects. The day is hotter than yesterday as can be seen from the table. This is supported by high minimum and maximum temperatures. In addition, the day is highly humid as compared to yesterday. The wind speed shows variation in magnitude and direction. The day also has higher precipitation value compared to previous day. These variations give the day different description despite having same barometric pressure as yesterday.

Evidence unfolding from the above table does not match conclusion that temperature ‘today is the same as it was at this same location on this same date, but back in the year I were born’. The appalling revelations from the table lucidly explain how two successive days can have totally different weather patterns. Comparing today and one year ago today evince this claim that these two days exhibit two distinct weather patterns ranging from temperature to wind speed. Today is hotter, lowly humid, and has less precipitation compared to one year ago today. Moreover, the wind speed not only varies in magnitude but also direction. Thus, two decades ago had a totally different temperature as that of today.

Wind is a mass of moving air. It occurs when air rapidly moves from one place to another. The table below gives wind pattern for Laramie, Wyoming.

Date
(2008)
Average Wind Speed (mph) Wind
Direction
Precipitation (in.) Humidity (%)
Jan 15 21 WNW Trace Snow 62
Feb 15 4 WSW 0 82
Mar 15 9 South 0 62
Apr 15 22 SW 0 26
May 15 11 NNW 0.02 65
June 15 8 SSE 0 40
July 15 7 South 0 34
Aug 15 6 ENE 0.48 86
Sept 15 6 SSE 0 54
Oct 15 10 SSW 0 57
Nov 15 5 South 0 58
Dec 15 11 SSW 0 62

From the table, Wyoming is quite windy due to its high altitude and the windiest time of the year is usually in winter mainly April. This is supported by extreme wind speed witnessed in the month.

In determining which place is the windiest in my state, the first step would be to determine which places are in the highest altitude in the state or are in the proximity of the shoreline. These places are known to be windy due to their exposure to wind. The speed of wind of these places is then measured using anemometer. The next step is to determine which among those places is in the open, free from obstructions arising from tall building or trees. This ensures that the speed of wind is not decelerated. If the speed of the wind is decelerated below 11mph the windmills would not be able to generate electricity.

How does the temperature vary across the cities of China throughout the year?

The first step would be to identify the states of study. The next step would be to record the temperatures of the cities throughout the year. The table below shows the temperature across five cities in China throughout the year. The temperatures are in Fahrenheit and it gives both the minimum and maximum temperatures.

City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aus Sep Oct Nov
Beijing 2/-9 4/-7 11/-1 20/7 26/13 31/18 31/22 85/29 26/14 19/7 10/-1
Haikou 69/14 72/60 78/65 85/71 90/76 91/77 92/77 90/77 87/76 83/72 77/67
Shanghai 46/33 48/35 55/41 65/51 74/60 81/68 89/77 89/76 81/69 72/58 62/48
Xi’an 40/23 46/28 58/38 69/47 78/56 90/65 90/71 89/69 77/59 67/49 53/37
Guangzhou 65/49 66/52 71/59 78/66 85/73 88/76 91/77 90/77 88/75 83/68 76/60

Due to China’s vast expansion, it experiences more than one climatic zone. It lies in temperate and torrid zones. The temperate zones are characterized by cool, mild, or warm temperatures while torrid zones are characterized by long, hot summers and short, mild winters. This is supported by the table above. Haikou, which is in the south of China, doesn’t experience much of winter climate as Beijing.

Conclusively, each place experience different weather patterns depending on season. Moreover, different places can experience difference weather patterns at the same time of the year. This is due to different climatic zones. The weather pattern of a place is described using temperature, precipitation, wind speed, barometric pressure, cloud cover, humidity, and visibility.

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