USAF ( United States Armed Forces) consists of the American military forces. It comprises of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. Each branch of USAF has its own distinct roles when it comes to issues of national defense but they all collaborate during operations and joint missions. They work together under the umbrella body, Unified Combatant Commands (Armstrong, 2006).
We will write a custom Essay on Human Resource Management Within the United States Armed Forces specifically for you
301 certified writers online
Army: Its role is to defend America and its interests. This is through involving ground troops, by way of ground troops, tanks, choppers and choppers. Defense also covers the use of planned nuclear weapons among other secret means.
Air force: The role of the air force is to defend America and her interest through utilization of air and space by using airplanes. The types of aircraft used include jet fighters, aircraft tankers, bombers and choppers. The air force is also responsible for Military satellites which relay important information regarding targets and are also used in reconnaissance.
Navy: The role of the Navy is to preserve the freedom to conduct maritime activities of America and her interests. It is also responsible for providing logistical support to marines in conflict areas (Armstrong, 2006).
Marines: This is a special branch of the army who specialize in amphibious operations. Their main role is to capture beach heads in conflict areas. This is subsequently followed by route formation where they lay the ground work for other marines and members of other branches of USAF to use in attacking and defending themselves.
Coast Guard: The role of the Coast guard is to enforce the law, conducting sea rescue and promotion of immigration control. At war times, the president can transfer the duties of the navy to coast guards in controlling and protecting the sovereignty of America
Perception about Human Resource Responsibilities within the Army
Human resource management involves the administration of human capital. Within the Army, HRM strategies help in developing ways that govern the way USAF members attain the organizational goals and needs. Human Resource practices and policies have to evolve with the needs of USAF members in order to increase efficiency and output needed per each employee within USAF.
Within USAF, job descriptions and departments are created and developed through military heads and key members within the human resource department. Human capital is openly controlled by the Human Resource practices within USAF (Armstrong, 2006).
The human resource department is also authorized to with the plan, recruit and select the best staff to conduct any given job description. In planning responsibilities, the HR dept. employs a job analyst who is responsible in the determination of requirements within any job description. In this procedure, the weight of a job description is supported by the skills needed and certifications.
After the establishment of needed skills for unoccupied roles within the United States Armed Forces, the recruitment procedure starts. The HR dept. places adverts for the available positions in both print and electronic media. The process aims at recruiting the best person who fits the requirements of the job advertized. The recruitment process entails the necessary interviews (Ivancevich, 2010)
After a successful recruitment procedure, HR staff go ahead and select the most qualified individuals for a particular job description. This is followed by certification by HR staff. This entails legal issues that bind the new staff member and United States Armed Forces.
Formalization and orientation is then conducted as the new member is notified of organizational rules and procedures as per their job description within the organizations (Ivancevich, 2010).
Armstrong, M. (2006). USAF: A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. London: Kogan Page.
Ivancevich, J. (2010). Human resource management . Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.