The research studies concepts of chest compressions and their connection to the success of resuscitation procedures during cardiac arrest treatment. It examines the treatment of out-of-hospital (OOH) cases of cardiac arrest using automated exterior defibrillator machines (Valenzuela et al p.1259). The abstract must be motivational so that it ignites one curiosity to read more of the research paper. In addition, it must explore the problem statement, reasons for the research, approach taken by the writer, outcomes, and correct conclusion. This article’s abstract gives very little insight into the research topic. Although a reader can imagine what the research is all about, the information provided in the abstract is little to arouse the required curiosity that an abstract should in a reader. The abstract explores the very little background and conclusion information necessary for an abstract.
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For validation of research purpose, all researchers should have adequate background information, which forms the main basis of arguments in research. Background information provided by the author helps readers discover the main challenges facing paramedics during the resuscitation process. For example, the writer gives information from recent research discoveries on how health care providers have failed to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation using specified procedures. In addition, the writer provides information on the application of chest compressions by paramedics (Valenzuela et al P.1259). Although the writer gives some data on resuscitation, the writer can make the introduction good by providing data, which shows the severity of wrong application of resuscitation measures by paramedics.
Although the research purpose is clear, the use of wrong methodologies will result in wrong outcomes. Researchers must use correct methodologies, which will ensure researchers collect correct and accurate information. This research applied quantitative data collection methodology, whereby the researchers used an observational study on the emergency medical system. The research used data sampling, to collect information on medical emergence response time and treatment. In addition, the researchers used the Utstein survey methodology to collect information, by using voice recorders. Simple regression analysis also helped the researcher to compare chest compression time, through analysis of data collected from the Hemodynamic system (Valenzuela et al p.1260-1261). The writers explain methods clearly, although, to some extent, they lack logicalness in organization because it is only by critical analysis of the document that the reader can discover them.
The majority of descriptive data is not normally distributed; hence, the writer uses measures of central tendencies namely inter-quartile range and median to analyze data on chest compressions, hence normalization of data. In addition, the use of statistical sampling by the writer is necessary because the research has made use of historical data on cases of cardiac arrest treatment, hence variations between attack and treatment.
The writers have given no account of problems of research methods used, although the methods suffer some flaws because the researchers only used data from patients whose voice recordings and external defibrillators were available.
Writers are supposed to account for problems encountered during the application of specific methods because they help in defining areas where subsequent researches on the topic should improve. On the other hand, for appropriate validation of research data, writers should account for obstacles faced in collecting such data, for it will help to cover any discovered flaws by readers.
For normalization purposes, the writers have used descriptive statistical techniques: inter-quartile measures and median. In addition, the research utilizes percentiles and proportions to correlate the use of chest compressions on patients during resuscitation. The researchers used the fisher’s technique to compare chest compression data from previous and current recordings.
The main objective of the study was to discover why the majority of resuscitation procedures used by paramedics failed to save lives. The researchers collected required data on the overall procedure of saving cardiac arrest patients using both experimental and descriptive techniques. From descriptions provided, researchers ensured the research applied required quality measures, hence, validation of research proceedings. Correlations among different factors of cardiac arrest resuscitation are well coordinated in the research; hence, logicalness employed helps to connect research findings with the research problem (Valenzuela et al p.1261).
This research clearly shows deficits in procedures applied by paramedics to resuscitate patients. The research discovered that there existed minimal differences in time between patients who received and those who never received chest compressions. In addition, it is clear that the majority of paramedics rarely use chest compressions to resuscitate patients; a contributing factor to increased death rates
On the other hand, from data analysis paramedics offered ventricular fibrillation to almost 34% of patients with cardiac arrest, whereby very few cases of spontaneous recovery occurred (Valenzuela et al p.1262).
These results clearly illustrate why the majority of cardiac saving measures fail hence, the need for medical practitioners to improve on their practices.
Researchers should correctly organize data in a form, which readers can easily interpret. Data tabulations should correlate different aspects of research hence; clearly illustrating logicalness in data organization. In this research, readers can easily pick out the correlation among different factors of cardiac resuscitation. For example from table 4, writers correlate various factors on patients where resuscitation succeeds and where it fails. On the other hand, from the same data readers can easily conclude relationships among patients’ demographic characteristics and recovery (Valenzuela et al p.1263).
The research analyses different practices adopted by paramedics in saving cardiac arrest patients and the importance of performing chest compression, which is the main objective of the research. The research discusses the importance of chest compressions and relates it with ventricular fibrillations, which helps in understanding the whole resuscitation process (Valenzuela et al p.1262-1263)
The discussion is well related to previous results whereby the researchers have made comparisons to findings by Wik et al on chest compressions. In addition, to make arguments on cardiopulmonary resuscitation good the writers refer to Stiel’s work on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (Valenzuela p.1264).
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No research activities lack obstacles or limiting factors. This research is selective in that it uses only data from the Tucson fire department, hence never considers other rescue centers. The research uses only data collected using a single methodology (using the EMS) hence, lacks comparisons that are necessary for this kind of research for approval of results accuracy hence, creating room for outcome deficits.
The article offers a wide range of cardiac arrest resuscitation measures important to all paramedics. Relationships between different aspects of resuscitation, the importance of compressions, and changing trends in VF have received the required attention in the research. Although it is a good reference paper, very few paramedics have time to read the American Heart journal; hence, the article fits researchers in cardiovascular fields.
In cardiopulmonary resuscitation introduction of a hypo-metabolic state (not permanent) is important, hence the experiments should have included different control measures in resuscitation, for example, the introduction of hypothermia and its effects. In addition, the experiments should have included effects of different chemicals for example glucose, kyotorphin, and Neokyotorphin.
The article has widely examined primary aspects of cardiovascular resuscitation succeeding researchers should consider the effects of Oxytocin after cardiovascular resuscitation in neurological recovery.
To prove research findings, researchers must use other authors’ work but researchers must provide a bibliography list using an appropriate method. This article uses correct in-text citations procedures, and its writers have provided a bibliography list, which accounts for all works used.
Valenzuela, D., David D. Berg, Ronald W. Hilwig, Charles W. Otto, Daniel Newburn, Gordon A. Ewy, Karl B. Kern, Lani L. Clark, Robert A. Berg, and Marc D. Berg. “Interruptions of chest compressions during emergency medical systems of resuscitation.” Journal of the American heart association112 (2005): 1259-1265. Print.