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Kona Hawaii coastline has unique geological and geographical characteristics. The coastline lies along a latitude of 19° 38′ 54″ (19.648333°) north, and a longitude of 155° 59′ 53″ (155.998056°) west. Hawaii coastline has characteristic trade winds that blow from north east to the western side. During winter, these winds are prevalent in Hawaii than in other regions. During most of the ties, the ocean is warm and at the best condition for surfing (Hawaii Scuba Diving, 2011). The temperatures range from 23 to 26o C but are relatively high during summer, a time when they hit an average of 26o C.
The winds blowing along the coast are relatively moderate and this creates glassy water waves, which are conducive for surfing. The winds that reach the Hawai coastline originate from areas located far away from the beach. These winds generate powerful waves and storms. The coastline is also at risk of being hit by hurricanes, especially on June and towards the end of November. The hurricanes occur after the winds blow across the pacific from the west coast of Mexico (Air Ventures Hawaii, 2005). When a hurricane hits Hawaii, the winds usually blow at a speed of over 74 miles an hour.
Due to the cool breeze and the reasonably high temperatures, Hawaii provides a good station for studying sea climate. The region is the best area to measure geographical and climatic conditions, especially when analyzing the possibilities of a tsunami. The temperature of the mainland drops as one moves away from the seashore. The hot and moist winds blow from the sea to the mainland, and cool down upon reaching the mainland. These winds are responsible for the conventional rainfall that falls in this area. At the Kona coasts, the summer rainfall is relatively higher than that experienced during winter. This is because of the diurnal wind regime that causes irregular weather patterns, which result into unexpected rainfall.
Sea and Land Breeze
In Kona, there are well-developed sea and land breezes, which are responsible for the relatively high rainfall all year through. The sea breeze is characterized by winds that blow from the sea towards the land. Due to the temperature differences, cool air from the sea rises and moves towards the mainland, which is often at a higher temperature. This cycle causes rainfall through uptake of moisture. However, cumulus clouds are mostly created by sea breezes, and they normally vanish at night.
A land breeze is experienced in situations where the sea is at a higher temperature than the land. During this time, winds flow from the land to the sea (Hawaii Style Organization, 2011). If moisture is collected by the blowing winds, this region stands high chances of experiencing rainfall. Kona has relatively balanced land and sea breezes, which enable the area to have a favorable climate and experience rain throughout the year. During summer, winds blow from the mainland to the sea as it starts to cool down. The land breezes are therefore the winds responsible for rainfall that occurs during summer and this makes Hawaii a favorable destination.
The Kona coastline is the perfect place to engage in sea sports like surfing because of its relatively humid condition and high temperatures, which give rise to sea and land breezes. Its unique winds see the coastline receive more rains in summer than in winter. These unique characteristics are important in understanding the geological and geographical identities of the region.
Air Ventures Hawaii. (2005). Hawaii weather is dynamic. Web.
Hawaii Scuba Diving. (2011). Hawaiian weather & climate. Web.
Hawaii Style Organization. (2011). Hawaii weather and climate patterns. Web.