Speaking about types of research design, it is extremely important to pay focused attention to similarities and differences between qualitative and quantitative studies.
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In fact, these differences can be noticed if we analyze every section of studies. For instance, when it comes to the section describing methods, quantitative studies tend to present more specific information. Thus, the quantitative study by Shohet, Khlebtovsky, Roizen, Roditi, and Djaldetti (2017) presents the number of participants and procedures to be applied whereas the qualitative article by Ryan and Sharts-Hopko (2017) just explains basic methods.
As for data collection, this information was presented in other sections in both articles. In general, the authors of quantitative studies tend to focus on clarity, and this is why they provide the readers with the specific information on procedures allowing to collect data. For instance, the authors of the quantitative study devote the entire section to the procedure for data collection unlike the researchers using qualitative methods.
Data analysis is another section which is extremely important as it provides the reader with the opportunity to check if the conclusions are valid. In the quantitative study which is discussed, the authors introduce a section explaining the method of statistical analysis in connection with the data collected. As for the qualitative study, its authors tend to give special consideration to reviewing the properties of the sample whereas the information on data analysis is presented in a few sentences. The participant selection is discussed in both articles as well; in the quantitative study, the authors refer to the criteria of selection almost in every section whereas the qualitative study presents this information and criteria of exclusion in the section devoted to methods. Therefore, the sections of qualitative studies tend to fulfil a few functions whereas quantitative studies have a more rigid structure. Personally, I cannot define which style is more appropriate for me because both styles are good for the purposes chosen by the authors.
Ryan, J., & Sharts-Hopko, N. (2017). The experiences of medical marijuana patients: A scoping review of the qualitative literature. Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 49(3), 185-190.
Shohet, A., Khlebtovsky, A., Roizen, N., Roditi, Y., & Djaldetti, R. (2017). Effect of medical cannabis on thermal quantitative measurements of pain in patients with Parkinson’s disease. European Journal of Pain, 21(3), 486-493.