The purpose of this paper is to analyze the way in which the global economy is contemporarily affecting the security implications of Russia for two continents, that is, the United States as well as Europe. In addition to this, the paper will comprehensively give an explanation of the security motivations for Moscow.
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In order to understand the underlying purpose of the paper, it is necessary that one familiarizes with the term global economy. It is a term commonly used to refer to the economy, which according to Shleifer & Treisman (2011, 122) is based on the national economies of different countries in the entire world.
Challenges to the United States
Currently, the East Asia economy is in a crisis and as such, it is spreading to other economies especially in Russia and Latin America. Most recently, it was found out that several economic institutions in Russia have collapsed and thereby presenting security implications to several power houses (Moeller 2008, 3). For instance, this is a great challenge to the United Sates as well as its armed forces. Foremost, the U.S defense budget has been subjected to major pressures especially with regard to acquisitions.
In addition to this, the defense spending of the U.S is becoming largely contracted. Consequently, the key allies as well as friends of the United States engage in operations and modernization.
Another challenge to the U.S is that such countries as Iran and Venezuela are furthering their hostility considering that these countries have in the past shown an antipathy to America (Shleifer & Treisman 2011, 122).
Challenges to Europe
Security implication of Russia for European countries is largely evident in Ukraine. Ukraine is largely known for political disarrays, which have been exacerbated by the ongoing financial crisis (Matt 2012, 10). As a result, an opening is left for Russia and as such, this is considered by many researchers as capable of having not only violent but also profound implications (Matt 2009, 5).
In a recent article from the foreign affairs wing of the Russian Government, there were three targets that were identified in the article as opportunities for Russian interference in the European country. Among them was the energy security. Generally, the challenge to Ukraine was that the geographic orientation of Ukraine was tremendously reversed (Ghol 2007, 615).
The tensions existing between Russia and the Western Europe are deteriorating and as such, the EU reacts towards maintaining the unity. According to Baraysch (2008, 2), the EU resulted in reducing its dependence on the energy produced in Russia and thereby drawing minor economies such as Ukraine, Moldova and other Eastern Europe countries to the European Union and thereby embedding European operations of Gazprom as well as other Russian companies owned by the state into significant scrutiny (Baraysch 2008, 2).
Security Motivations for Moscow
According to Kirshner (2008, 363), There have been two security motivators for Moscow. Both the economy as well as diplomacy has been used whereby each motivator exerts pressure in an effort towards ensuring that the nearby states have not joined NATO.
Moreover, diplomatic and the economic pressure has been used to compel the neighboring states to detain their decisions to let the U.S troops to establish army bases from where they will fight Afghanistan and Taliban (Wheatley 2011, 3).
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Kirshner, Jonathan. 2008. Globalization, American Power, and International Security. Political Science Quarterly 123, no. 3: 363-389.
Matt, Davis. 2009. The security Implications for Countries. The global Economy, 10, no. Web.
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Matt, Davis. 2012. International Forum on Globalization. The global Economy, 16, no. 4. Web.
Moeller, Joergen O. 2008. The Russian Challenge II. YaleGlobal, Web.
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