International Relations Essay Examples and Topics

Iranian Revolution and the Gulf States

Introduction Iranian Revolution took place in the year 1979. It was a revolution which was aimed at eliminating the monarchy that had been in rule for a long period. Several countries have carried out revolutions in the past. Revolutions in most countries usually result from political reasons in a country. The Iranian Revolution was one […]

Conflicts in the South China Sea

Introduction Conflicts are inevitable in our day to day lives. A conflict can be defined as a disagreement between or among parties. The parties perceive the conflict to be a threat to their interests, needs and concerns. Conflicts can occur in different contexts for instance at home, in an organization, within a country or across […]

Peace and Democracy: US Impacts in the Middle East

Introduction During the cold war era, the United States of America and the United Social Soviet Union embarked on an arms race that put the entire world in a state of dilemma. Although the era came to an end without the death of any individual as a result of direct confrontation of the two powers, […]

Result of US-Venezuela Relations

Introduction The United States has had an eventful relationship with countries of Latin America. Latin America has historically been the US’s backyard as far as foreign policy is concerned (Cottam 4). Given its diversity and active politics, various US administrations since Kennedy have focused on different issues including military operations to achieve predetermined political and […]

Is the Rise of China a Threat or an Opportunity for Europe?

Introduction The rise of China has become one of the most important phenomena taking place in the world. Policy makers and international relations scholars have come up with numerous debates due to the rise of China. The history of the Chinese government stretches over years, but it is not short of powerful dynasties. Most countries […]

The Role of Science and Technology in International Relations Regarding Climate Change

Science refers to a systematic approach or enterprise that helps gain knowledge in the form of empirical predictions and explanations. In other words, this is the body of reliable understanding of various concepts which real meaning can be explained logically and rationally. In a broad sense, the concept of science has been included in many […]

Arab Israeli Relations

The war between Israel and Lebanon began in as early as 1979 and went on up to 2006. In between, there were intermittent wars between these two countries. However, a full scale war with devastating effects was fought in July of 2006 in an operation christened by the Israelis Operation Change of Direction. The Israel […]

Functionalist and Constructivist Approaches to Regionalism

Regionalism Regionalism is an old concept which has attracted heated debate among scholars. There is little consensus regarding the meaning of regionalism and its relevance to international relations. Fawcett (2004) defines regionalism as “a policy whereby states and non-state actors cooperate and coordinate strategy within a given region” (p. 433). Regionalism aspires to encourage the […]

Comparative Foreign Policy

Introduction The armed conflict in Syria is the largest humanitarian crisis facing the world at the moment. Thousands of innocent Syrians have been killed, and there are still no clear plans from the international community on how to end this crisis (Russell, 2012). However, the disagreement between major powers should be blamed on this failure. […]

Conflict Between Palestine and Israel

Introduction Since the Israelis and Palestinians believe that they have equal rights to the land that they live in, violence keeps erupting between the two groups. This is because the Palestinians argue that the Israelis chased them from their land while the Jews argue that the land belongs to them based on historical terms (Gunderson […]

Instability and Division of Yemen

Issues and the Target Audience being Addressed Yemen is one of the countries that have experienced the Arab Spring protests witnessed in other countries such as Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. According to Swift (2012, p. 21), these protests started soon after the Tunisian revolution. The Yemenis, just like other Arabs in other parts of the […]

Maritime Piracy Problem

Introduction Maritime piracy is one of the main issues of international security in the contemporary times. The cost of piracy is estimated to have surpassed the $15 billion per year. Piracy poses a great threat to global trade. It increases the prices of goods because most of the goods and services are transported to other […]

The US Special Relationship with England

Introduction The US and Britain have enjoyed a unique relationship characterized by cooperation and mutual support. The special relationship between the US and England was first articulated by Britain’s Wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill and it has continued to define the association between the two countries for decades (Sharp, 2009). The special relationship has seen […]

South Africa vs Venezuela

The essay explores the major concerns for a South African FDI planning to invest in Venezuela. Despite the exciting potential investment in Venezuela, some of the concerns evident include varying financial systems, potential agency problems, and political risks. The essay will first compare South Africa’s and Venezuela’s corruption percentage index followed by an overall political […]

George W. Bush Role in Foreign Policy of the United States

Ten years prior to George W. Bush was sworn into office as the US President, there was hardly a common position on matters related to foreign policy. In other words, most of the officials who were later absorbed as part and parcel of president’s advisers had separate views on delicate and sensitive foreign issues should […]

A Critical Discussion of the History & Failure of Japanese War Apologies

To date, the establishment of good relations between Japan and its closest geographical neighbours, including China and the two Koreas, remains a mirage due to deep-seated mistrust stemming from Tokyo’s reluctance to extend official apology to victims of its military atrocities, mass civilian massacres, and abuses against prisoners of war (POWs) during the shadows of […]

The Impact of the Arabian Spring on the Citizens’ Decision

The political decision of citizens in any country is usually influenced by the situation within the country and by the events at the international political arena. From this point, it is important to examine the dependence between the success and failure of the definite political events and people’s further decisions to participate in the similar […]

Waltz’s three fundamental characteristics of the international system

Introduction The prime principle of globalization is featured by the interconnected holistic phenomenon. Due to globalization, the world has become a village on the periphery of politics, economical endeavors, and cultural interaction. This analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the three fundamental characteristics of the international system as discussed by Waltz. Besides, the treatise explores […]

Nuclear disarmament as a way to keep peace and provide human security

Introduction As the world struggles with the different challenges that are suppressing socioeconomic development in the contemporary days, human security is mainly at stake. Initially, social security was perhaps a mere threat as the involvement of global politics touching on the United States and the United Kingdom among other powerful states in the nuclear arsenal […]

The Right Moral Choice for the US in Response to Chemical Weapons attack in Syria

Introduction Some of the questions that have dominated the popular media and debates worldwide concern the situation in Syria and the question of the United States’ involvement in the ongoing events in Syria. The humanitarian situation in Syria has worsened in the past few months due to increase in the scale of violence resulting from […]

Research Proposal: Middle East Conflicts

Introduction World leaders were concerned with the plight of the Jewish people in the 1800 following the persecution and anti-Semitism that rocked the European continent. It was agreed that the only way to resolve the issue was to establish a Jewish state in Palestine in the Middle East. Since the British Empire had a mandate […]

The Arab Spring and Morocco

A wave of demonstrations and protests, which is known as the Arab Spring affected a great number of countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen, or Syria. They led to the downfall of several autocratic regimes. To some degree, this social upheaval affected Morocco. However, the political regime of this state was able to withstand this […]

European Union and Developing Countries

Developed nations are able to afford better living standards compared to developing countries. As a result, most developing countries seek to trade with developed countries in order to increase market for their products. This is also propagated by the fact that people in developed countries have a high purchasing power due to high income levels […]

U.S. Foreign Policy Choices in the Cases of Syria and Libya

Introduction and the identification of the problem The interaction of countries in the international system is often determined by several factors. As opined in theories of international relations like realism, nations often seek to secure their interests when interacting or advancing a number of courses in the international system. The question that is asked and […]

Common and Distinct Characteristics of The Abkhaz-Georgian conflict

Common Characteristics All the conflicts involve several countries that are geographically neighboring each other within their locations. The Abkhaz-Georgian conflict involves Georgia and the breakaway territory of Abkhazia, as well as a lot of influence from Russia. The South Ossetian-Georgian conflict equally involved Georgia and Russia going into war, with Ossetian declaring itself an independent […]

North Korea’s threat on the United States

North Korea’s threat to the United States Recent events have raised issues concerning North Korea’s threat to the United States. In addition, North Korea’s missile launch has raised alarm on the country’s nuclear threat. Of great concern is its ability to cause a collapse of United State’s infrastructure through electromagnetic pulse attack. Recent observations place […]

Role of Wealthy Countries in International Development

Wealthy countries contribute greatly towards international development through giving financial aid to least-industrialized states. Underdeveloped and developing countries use financial aid from wealthy countries to build infrastructures that grow their economies through development of important sectors such as education and health (Chatrna 1). In addition, international aid helps alleviate poverty, improve social cohesion and international […]

Globalisation and the Future of Islam-West Relations

The relationship between the Western world and the Islamic world is a complicated matter which has raised many questions allover the world. These bloody relations have been characterised by consistent confrontations that have existed between the two sides for many centuries. Muslims, who appears to be on the receiving end of these confrontations, have always […]

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

NATO was developed from the 1948 North Atlantic Treaty, which stipulated that member states should defend one another if they were attacked (Collins 1). NATO is a military cooperation of “Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, […]

A Brief History of the Conflict between India and Pakistan

India and Pakistan are listed among countries that have had complicated relationships for a very long time in history. The two countries gained their sovereignty from Britain simultaneously in 1947. This independence marked a separation of the former British India into two major countries, India and Pakistan. According to the separation agreement, Pakistan was to […]

Palestine and Statehood

Introduction The incessant conflicts between Israeli and Palestine have been the major cause of tensions found in the Middle East as well as those between the Islamic world and the west. It is imperative to note that these conflicts have significant implications on Palestinians who have continued to occupy the British Mandatory Palestine territory since […]

Why Has the Arab-Israeli Conflict over the Gaza Blockade Gone on for so Long?

Introduction The conflict between Israel and Arab community is a continuing dispute within the long-term frame of conflict that engaged the Gaza and the Israeli in the Gaza strip territory. Palestinians’ vigorous resistance to the occupation of the armed forces in Gaza went sky high in the Gaza terrain after the election that was irresistible […]

Theory: Israel- Palestine

Introduction Scholars have critically evaluated war since days in memorial; they have researched the 1st and 2nd World Wars, the cold war, the gulf war and other wars like the Israeli Palestine war. They ended up with different theories that are used to explain the exact causes of these wars, some of the most notable […]

China’s Aid and Investment in Africa: Towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goals

Introduction Background Information 2015 is an important year on the calendar of 193 nations in the world and about 23 international organizations. According to the United Nations (2010:72), 2015 is the year that the signatories to the Millennium Development Goal (herein referred to as MDGs) should have attained the policies set out in the agreement. […]

U.S and Greece’s Relations

Introduction Global financial crisis remains a major point of concern in recent years. The world has witnessed varying periods of this nature, with the crisis of early 1930s having led to major global effects. Although the effects of these crises have always been felt by almost every nation of the world due to the existence […]

US Intelligence and the Confrontation in Poland

Introduction There are various factors that led to US intelligence confrontation in Poland. On 1st July 1980 prices of consumer’s goods, food and other commodities were hiked by the Polish government without notifying its citizen and also with no reason at all. What followed is that workers of Poland striked for increase of wages due […]

Should Canada support Syrian Rebel Forces?

Introduction In February this year, John Kerry was reported saying that Syria was the “legitimate voice of the Syrian people” (Cbsnews Para.1). For this reason, Kerry said that the U.S was willing and ready to supply the rebels with non-lethal support. To Kerry, non-lethal support includes medical supplies and foods coupled with financial aid required […]

Millennium Development Goals – Energy and Poverty Solutions

Millennium Development Goals Millennium development goals were developed by the United Nations to help address some of the issues that were seen to be basic for a person to lead a normal life. These goals were developed after the realization that in some parts of the world, people were leading life that was deplorable. In […]

Realism and Prudence in Foreign Policy

Realism is an approach to international relations that has developed progressively through the works of numerous political analysts who have based themselves within, and therefore have not exceeded a characteristic but yet assorted approach or conventional evaluation. Realism focuses on global political challenges attributable to individual characteristics and lack of universal watchdog. These two elements […]

The Humanitarian Intervention in Somalia

Introduction Faced with a serious humanitarian crisis, civil strife, and political disorder, the United Nations (UN) introduced the United Nations Operation in Somalia to offer humanitarian relief to the Somali people.1 However, the breakdown of civil order in the horn of Africa nation made it impossible for this mission to realize its full potential. Furthermore, […]

Reasons of Empathy in Political Negotiations

Introduction Empathy has always played a critical role in the domestic and foreign policy making processes in the American government. However, the US has always been inspired by the foreign policy making doctrine when making foreign decisions. Research shows that a leader will always make decisions with empathy because of the human nature. Some scholars […]

Did the Advent of Nuclear Weapons Decisively Change the International Security Nature and Sources?

Introduction The advent and proliferation of nuclear weapons distorted and changed the nature of international security. During the World Wars, nations like Germany were more aggressive and characterized by confrontations. With the end of Second World War emerged two super powers namely; The United States of America and The Socialist Soviet Republic. These two nations […]

Afghanistan State Building

Introduction Since its independence from British in 1919, Afghanistan has had a turbulence history characterized by foreign invasions, sectarian wars and poor governance. From the 1980s the Taliban, which began as a resistance group fighting against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, has played a key role in the affairs of Afghanistan. Following the US led […]

Countries Leaving European Union

Introduction For three years now, the Euro zone has experienced major fiscal inadequacies that have threatened to disintegrate the union. The crises have led to categorization of European members as either debtors or creditors. Germany remains to be the most influential creditor within the union while Greece, Spain, Italy and France are among members that […]

Globalization and Its Implications

Globalization means a lot to international corporate organizations and governments across the world, particularly when it comes to governance and public administration. The different forms of globalization define the numerous challenges facing corporate organizations and the civil administrative institutions of many countries. Here, note that globalization plays the role of shaping the current trends in […]

Russia Joins the World Trade Organization

Introduction Russia took 18 years to join the World Trade Organization, yet it had the largest economy outside the institution’s membership. It is imperative to understand why this process took so long in order to clarify whether those obstacles will resurface again among other bidding countries. Additionally, it is necessary to demystify why Russia wanted […]

Sister City Program: Dalian and Oakland Cities

Introduction In the international system, the idea of sister city program was established in 1958, even though little emphasis was placed on international trade and economic cooperation. In the mid 1960s to early 1970s, the focus shifted on economic, trade, and cultural cooperation. This was attributed to the increased participation in the plan by Chinese […]

Intervention of Western countries

The foremost idea that is being promoted throughout the course of Michael Walzer’s article The Case against Our Attack on Libya, is that, contrary to the assumption that it is specifically the protection of human rights and freedoms that represented the involved Western countries’ main agenda in Libya, this having not been the actual case. […]

The United States Stance with North Korea and Iran on Nuclear War

Executive Summary The United States does not have the best options for dealing with the North Korean and Iranian nuclear energy disputes. Inducements, pressures, and intimidations have not been successful. A military intervention would provisionally stop the plans to launch a nuclear energy, but human organizations and diplomatic requirements would prevent this strategy. Moreover, military […]

War is Nothing Like Criminality and Chaos

State building is the process of creating new governments or transforming the existing ones to enhance the governance process (Coyne and Pellillo 6). This concept is highly utilized by established states on entities extensively rocked by political instabilities. It is usually an intervention by well-established organizations. These organizations, establish strategies for renewing the failed states. […]

United Nations in Africa

Introduction The post-colonial Africa faces massive challenges including desertification, extreme poverty, epidemics, and never-ending regional conflicts, which affect the continent’s economic development. The UN, as the world’s premiere institution that promotes international collaboration, coordinates all manner of assistance to help African countries overcome these problems. Its operations extend from arbitrating in regional conflict to achieving […]

NATO-CSDP International Relations

Overview The paper presents comprehensive study on the frameworks of NATO-CSDP community as well as the challenges the alliance poses to the former EU-NATO cooperation. The discussion is basically based on the concept of community applied within the NATO-EU alliance. Various conflicts have been faced by the alliance, some of which include incomplete overlap, fallout […]

US Leadership in the Asia-Pacific Region

Asian Democracy Democracy refers to the process through which individuals compete for power and various positions in the government at regular intervals. Thus, democracy implies a political system in which leaders are selected through a fair electoral process. Besides, no major interest group should be excluded in a democratic system. However, the meaning of democracy […]

International Relations as Natural and Social Science

Introduction/Thesis statement Nowadays, it became a common practice among many political scientists to suggest that, since the observable emanations of international relations in today’s world do seem to have acquired a number of qualitatively new subtleties, the application of a positivist methodology in IR can no longer be considered appropriate.1 This suggestion, however, cannot be […]

Does the East Asian “Miracle” Invalidate Dependency Theory?

Introduction The phenomenal growth enjoyed by the 4 Asian Tigers, namely Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan, call into question the validity of dependency theory and its application to a modern-day setting. The main idea behind dependency theory is the notion that “various resources from the periphery, representing the poor and underdeveloped states, flow […]

The Extent of Russian Investments in the CIS Countries

Introduction This paper aims to offer insight into Russian business expansion to the neighbouring countries of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS, using the company-level approach to the subject. Although the extent of Russian investments in the CIS is commonly recognized, fewer contributions can be found discussing the economic and political leverage of Russians firms “near […]

The Impact of International Regimes

Overview Decision making procedure, rules, norms and principles that may either be explicit or implicit in affecting international relations are all embraced under the umbrella of international regimes. The expectations of actors in international regimes tend to converge on matters related to international affairs. The United States foreign policy is indeed one critical example of […]

China in Arc Crisis

Introduction Asia has experienced various crises over the years ranging from civil and regional wars, terrorism, and financial crisis to poverty among many others. The Arc of Crisis in Asia began in the early 1970s during the period of cold wars and was characterized by armed conflicts, radical religious movements, terrorism among many other violent […]

System of Protection for Asylum Seekers and Refugees Internship

Introduction A refugee refers to an individual who has fled his or her country to seek shelter, protection or other basic human needs in another country. There are different situations that may force an individual out of his or her country, some of them being characterized by gross violation of human rights. These different situations […]

US Foreign Policy in the Balkans

Introduction United States occupies a distinguishing position in global affairs. Never in history has a single country conquered the international arena to the extent that the U.S. does today, courtesy of its foreign policies, which continue to draw mixed reactions, ranging from admiration to envy and hatred (Cameron, 2005 p. xvi). However, admirers and critics of […]

Moldova and Belarus

Statement of the Topic and Its Importance European Union has become a major player in Eastern Europe in terms of economic, political and social activities. The role that European Union is playing in this region especially in Moldova and Belarus is very evidence with improved trades, relation policies and other economic activities. However, Russia also […]

North Korea Politics

North Korea’s nuclear program started in about 1962. During this time, North Korea (Officially known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, DPRK) “committed itself to what it called ‘all-fortressization,’ which was the beginning of hyper militarized North Korea of today” (Pike, para. 4). The government established an atomic energy research plant, which the specialists […]

Structural Realism Theory and the Developing world

Outline Structure The previous decade has witnessed some investigations assessing the applicability of available International Relations (IR) models to, and complaining about the abandonment of the rising economies, and especially of third world (Africa) in particular, in International Relations theory. This essay tries to go past this well-substantiated disapproval, and in its place questions what […]

The Dayton Peace Accords

The Dayton Peace Accords are credited for producing the General Framework Agreement that brought an end to the war and hostilities witnessed in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the early 1990s. Although the U.S. mediation played a significant role to the processes that led to the signing in 1995 of the Dayton Peace Agreement, other countries operating under […]

European Union Free Movement Directives and Regulations

Abstract Freedom of movement among the citizens of the European Union has taken a progressive and historical process. This began with workers in the steel and coal industry and progressed to the freedom of movement of all persons including ordinary citizens. This study is mainly concerned with the anti-discriminatory clause of the freedom of movement […]

Manipulation of Ethnic Identity by Groups in Iraq

Introduction Iraq has had a turbulent history as a result of its ethnic make up. While all this was blamed on the ruthless dictator Saddam Hussein, Iraq has continued to be split along ethical lines even after the overthrow of Saddam and his subsequent execution. Now more than ever, the country’s population has clustered themselves […]

Trade Complementarities between South Korea and Vietnam

Like many other countries around the globe, Vietnam has in recent years integrated with the global economic infrastructure on an increasing scale. Being a regional neighbor and a country that shares many similarities with Vietnam, including geography, culture, among other aspects, South Korea has become a strategic economic partner of Vietnam. The strategic economical capacity […]

The Achievement of Millennium Development Goals in India

Abstract India has surpassed many countries in the realization of the MDGs. It is among the countries that have met a number of set targets. This essay will examine India’s achievement of the MDGs. The progress of MDG markers will be discussed in relation to the stipulated target values. The problems associated with the achievement […]

“Clash of Ignorance” by Edward Said

Introduction Modern world experiences an extreme globalization. The development of technologies and the improvement of business, education, and other services have led to the continuous intercourse between people of various cultures and religions. In 1993, Samuel Huntington introduced the article “Clash of Civilization” that immediately enjoyed great success and popularity. However, many researchers criticized Huntington […]

Arab American Identity over Time

Historical immigration of Arabs to United States The relations between the Arabs and the Americans continue to remain vivid even though the Americans first moves to contain the continually immigrating Arabs led to a rift between the two countries. The working together of the two countries dates back to the mid 18th century when the […]

International Relationships with Oil

Condoleezza Rice’s visit to Kazakhstan Visits by top United States officials to Kazakhstan elicited reactions from the Russian authorities that the west was trying to lure away its partners. However, this was dismissed by Rice, the US Secretary of State, during her visit with Kazakh foreign minister. Washington was seeing Kazakhstan’s economic potential in expanding […]

The Democratic Peace Theory: Merits and Demerits

Introduction Peace is an essential aspect that any country ought to uphold for the better growth and development of the country. However, peace is dictated by the type of regime that a given state has in its leadership. Some countries would prefer a democratic system. Others use the capitalist way of administration, whereas there are […]

International Humanitarian Law

International humanitarian law (IHL) is supposed to reduce the disastrous effects of military conflicts. In particular, it is critical to protect people who do not take part in violent confrontations. There have been many developments in IHL; for instance, one can speak about various treaties and agreements signed by the governments of various countries. Yet, […]

China in the 21st Century

Introduction In the book, China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know, Wasserstrom evaluates the developments in China starting from the Confucius period to the US-China relations in the recent past. The author focuses on the philosophies, political perspectives, and socioeconomic policies that have contributed to the growth of the country. However, the […]

Israeli Gaza Conflict

Introduction The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been a major dispute between Palestinians and Israelis. The conflict began in the 1940s after the United Nations (UN) established a Jewish state in the region. The Gaza-Israel conflict took a new dimension following the election of the Hamas Party in 2005. This conflict escalated after the Palestinian Authority collapsed. […]

The United Nations Millennium Development Goals

Introduction In September 2000, 191 members of the United Nations ratified a charter known as the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MGDs). The MDGs established goals that were to be achieved by all UN member states by 2015. The goals were premised on the desire to improve healthcare by improving access to universal education, gender […]

Qatar Influence in the World

Statement of the Research Question The main research question that my thesis will cover is, ‘How does Qatar use soft power to strengthen its global political influence?’ This question will provide an opportunity for me to study the various processes of soft power that Qatar has and/or continues to utilize to strengthen its political influence […]

The Bilateral Relationships between the UAE and Japan

Abstract The bilateral relations between the UAE and Japan have been important for the sustained development of both countries. In particular, these states have established economic cooperation involving the exchange of natural resources and technologies. Additionally, they have common foreign policy interests such as the elimination of nuclear threats and preservation of maritime security. These […]

The Asian-Pacific Region and Australia

Introduction Australia has many global interests and deals with countries in many regions. These relationships mainly involve states that affect the country’s strategic environment and act as trading and investment partners. Australia has many bilateral ties with the countries within the region, such as Japan, China, and its closest neighbour Indonesia. It also has interests […]

International Intervention in Libya

Introduction Oil, otherwise known as black gold, is the driving force of the world economy. It is a major commodity of trade that is required by all countries. Western countries rely on the constant supply supply of oil, thus they try to ensure its supply is not interrupted. Given this realization, oil played a major […]

The United Nations and the International System

Introduction After the World War I, the focus of nations that were engaging in the war was to enhance international peace through the establishment of the League of Nations. Its primary goal was to prevent the emergence of another war by enhancing collective security through disarmament plans and/or settling probable international disagreements via arbitration and […]

New Governance in the European Union

Abstract Within the European Union, institutions can implement powers that have been bestowed upon them by the member states. As such, execution of fundamental rights is usually at the state level. This paper investigations the perimeter of such a decentralised usage of the fundamental rights recognised in the Charter of Fundamental Rights as values which […]

World Food Program

Description of the UN World Food Program The World Food Program (WFP) is a humanitarian agency, which was established in the early 1960s by the United Nations (UN) to help in the fight against hunger in different countries across the world. The WFP works with other agencies such as FAO and IFAD to pursue the […]

China and Haiti

Introduction China is the second largest economy in the world after the United States of America. Having the world largest population, China is a target market for major exporters of the world. However, trade barriers have always hindered the entry of exports into its market. One of such barriers is the country’s socio-cultural environment. The […]

Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to Rogue States and International Terrorists

Introduction Proliferation of nuclear weapons poses many threats to the international security. In response to such threats, nations look for ways of protecting their territorial integrity. The most effective mechanism of protecting individual national sovereignty entails adopting proactive response to security threats as opposed to reactive strategies (Nau 2008; Ross & Feng 2008). Deterrence is […]

Supranational Organizations: NATO

Introduction A supranational organization refers to a union or a group of companies that have membership in multiple nations. A single business that qualifies this description can also be considered a supranational organization. The nations relinquish part of their power through political, financial, and martial alliances with the view of advancing the core agenda of […]

Assassination of Osama Bin Laden Influence

Introduction The death of Osama Bin Laden on mid-2011 by the US forces in Pakistan was received with minimal global opposition. The killing of the Al-Qaeda leader was a major step towards the fight against terrorism. The following is a literature review on how the assassination of Osama Bin Laden was an example of how […]

International Political Economy – World Systems Analysis

Introduction In the last two to three decades, the world has experienced unprecedented economic growth in all spheres of economy. Despite such encouraging progress in the economy, the gap between the poor and rich people has widened. The rich are getting richer as the poor get poorer. Further, the world has moved to a more […]

The Monetary Union of the European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic community counting 27 countries located predominantly in Europe. The EU takes control over the countries through the system of independent institutions and intergovernmental organizations operated by the member states. The main policy of the EU lies in developing a single market through ensuring free movement of […]

Foreign Aid for Reduce Poverty

Mostly, poverty affects Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. More than half of the world’s population lives on less than 2 dollars a day (Sachs, 2009). Foreign aid is one of the methods used by wealthy nations to help reduce poverty in the least developed countries. Financial aid should be used as a complementary component of market […]

American Foreign Policy after 9/11

After 9/11, Leffller noted that the American administration under President Bush came up with radical measures to respond to the state of security in the country. The government’s response generated a heated debate with supporters of Bush claiming that the action would bring change in the way country’s security is handled. In their view, the […]

Open Source Intelligence of Iran’s Nuclear Program

Introduction The Iran’s nuclear program has attracted heated debates in the United States, and other parts of the world as analysts try to determine its real impact on world peace program. Since the end of the Second World War, there have been efforts to promote disarmament programs in major powers in the world. The United […]

Why There Is No Peace In Israel?

Introduction The book How Israel Lost analyzes four areas that have affected people of Israel and Palestine for several years. The author has divided the book into four parts. The first and the third parts discuss about Israel. The second part discusses about Palestine, and the last part wraps all the ideas together and comes […]

“What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response” by Bernard Lewis

Abstract What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response. Known as the cradle of civilization, the Middle East witnessed the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia. The years that followed saw this region become successful and their power among nations was felt as far as Africa. In later years, the region experienced dormancy in development that […]

Influence of U.S. Foreign Policy

Important Factors of the America’s Foreign Policies Foreign policies are used by governments to enhance their diplomatic relationships. Such policies are aimed at protecting a country’s sovereignty, defending territorial integrity, maintaining economic and diplomatic aspects, and spearheading strategic as well as military interests. In other contexts, president’s personality determines the type of the foreign policies […]

Main Motives for European Integration

Introduction The integration of various European states was as a result of various reasons. As a process of political, economic, cultural, social, industrial, legal and technological engagement, integration of various European states came into being. Regional integration also emerged in an attempt to foster unity among various European countries and thus enhanced efficiency and effectiveness […]

WTO: Serving the Wealthy, Not the Poor

Bello’s article offers an assertive critique on the functioning of the WTO. The article is an important document which offers valuable insights on the nature of global markets. Bello argues that the WTO is only serving the interests of the wealthy countries and not the poor. In his arguments, Bello gives an assertive assault on […]

‘International Institutions’ Contribution to Justice after War or Political Violence’

Available scholarship demonstrates that international institutions continue to play a fundamental role not only in peacebuilding initiatives but also in the provision of justice for victims in post-conflict societies (Meernik, Nicholas, & King 309). This paper uses the Ugandan and South African case studies to locate the importance of international institutions in contributing to justice […]

Great Powers in 2050

Introduction Political scientists use the term great power to describe a nation that can exercise its influence on a global scale . This paper aims to discuss the future distribution of power among countries that have a significant influence on international relations. To accomplish this, it is critical to examine the attributes that enable a […]