Social & Political Theory Essay Examples and Topics

Reflections on the Concept of Egalitarianism

Introduction One of the foremost aspects of a post-industrial living is the fact that, as time goes by; the discourse on equality begins to affect socio-political dynamics in the world to an ever-higher extent. The validity of this statement can be well illustrated in regards to the rising popularity of left-wing Socialist parties in Latin […]

Public Policy Analysis

Unemployment in the US In the recent times, the issue of unemployment has taken a new dimension in the United States. This follows from the premise that the number of unemployed persons continue to rise. Since the 2007-2008 economic crisis, the state of the US economy has been undesirable. From that time, the US economy […]

Public Policy Analyzing

Introduction Sometimes, understanding public policy and its effect on the people becomes challenging. Often, many people seem to complain about the impacts of the policy document without actually understanding its provisions. This makes it difficult for them to have an overview of the implications of the policy. Therefore, this research paper focuses on the importance […]

Action Plan for Patrons with Disabilities

It is worth noting that library needs for people with disabilities ought to be given utmost priority during the process of planning and designing of the facility. In addition, library planners should take into consideration the dynamism and changing needs of users who are disabled bearing in mind that this class of library patrons is […]

Communist Manifesto, Time and Social Issues

Introduction Karl Marx played a crucial role in Philosophy by propounding what is expected of communist leadership, thus making the communist manifesto a very popular document in the 20th Century. The questions that this paper is going to grapple with is whether the issues were only representative of what happened then and not at all […]

Outbreak Democratic Institutions

Introduction In this analysis, the rational choice theory and sociological theory have been used to evaluate the democratic institutions. Under, the sociological theory, the focus would be centered on the corporatism1. Democracy refers to a set of principles that are considered to be very fundamental to the continuity of humanity2. Although the actual concept of […]

Dependency Theory vs. Modernization Theory

The modernization theory takes its roots in the eighteenth century, during the Era of Enlightenment. The theoretical framework was created in an attempt to explain transformation and development in society, as well as define how change influenced pre-industrial and industrial development (Smith 44). Like other transformational theories, modernization theory revealed its unique view on the […]

The Effects of the American Correctional Policy

Evidence-Based Correction: Definition and Significance Before going any further, it is necessary to introduce the phenomenon of evidence-based correction. Evidence-based correction is defined as a system in which “data, not mere opinions […] play the central role in guiding allegiance to any given correctional theory” (MacKenzie, 2012, p. 1). In a nutshell, the phenomenon of […]

Model of the social contract

Socrates and the Third Argument on Social Contract In the argument on social contract, Plato presents a model of the social contract that ties the citizen to the law. However, we ought to take care when comparing the Socratic social contract concept with the modern concept of the social contract as perceived by Hobbes and […]

The development paradigm and gift-giving

Even though that there is much of a moralistically sounding vagueness to the description of what the partners for Global Community Kelowna do, it is still possible to identify the actual scope of these organizations’ activities: Dare to Be This organization consists of ‘soccer moms’, who due to being particularly ‘bright’, do believe that it […]

Why Do Conservatives Disagree On The Topic Of Marriage Equality?

Human beings want the same things in life. Every person wants a prospect for success, healthy kids, and a condition in which no one is suffering. The disagreement is how to realize the objectives. Conservatives and liberals in the United States differ on how to raise a happy family, among other crucial topics. While conservatives […]

Justice: What’s the Right Thing to Do?

Introduction “Justice: What’s the Right Thing to Do?” is a book that discusses the theory of justice and the diverse ways in which it is perceived by different people in the society. The author, Michael Sandel, tries to force the reader to look into the circumstances that happen in real life and allows them to […]

Hegemony Theories

Leaders apply different forms of ruling all over the world. Some of the methods are still in use in the modern form of governance. Cultural structure affects the framing of leadership. Some leaders use their power to dominate every action needed to be taken in line with leadership responsibilities. The article ‘torture’ has related the […]

Is it possible to imagine nationalism without the nation?

Introduction After the end of the Second World War, populations assembled within their nations with great hope of developing their home countries, which had undergone destruction following the aftermath of the war. Emigration and migration activities were part of the events that marked the World War II with powerful states exercising slave trade that displaced […]

Comparison of Mumbai and New York

Introduction The City of New York and Mumbai City are some of the largest cities in the world. An analysis of the socio-political structure of these cities will reveal a number of factors that make them different. According to Bhagat and Mohua (2006, p. 340), the socio-political structure of a city is always defined closely […]

Conflict in Cyprus and in Northern Ireland

Moral imagination is a concept that is based on people’s ability to imagine something that does not exist. Notably, the term moral does not refer to morality or ethics, but it refers to people’s mind and capacity to contemplate. According to Lederach, moral imagination is the minds’ capacity to create something which has not existed […]

Same-Sex Marriage in the United States of America

Introduction The end of the XX century and the beginning of the XXI one were truly a breakthrough. The rights of a number of people previously considered social outcasts were finally acknowledged, and the U.S. seemed to have proven its right to be called the land of democracy once again. However, over the past few […]

Relationship between Capitalism and a Logically Formal Rational Legal System

The seminal work of Max Weber has largely been used to provide and elaborate the law and its role in the development of capitalism. All rational forms of law are considered with special consideration of Weber’s input towards the understanding of the rationality of law. Weber contended that the dynamics of markets that are largely […]

War on Drugs in Mexico

Introduction The war on drugs is the most significant occurrence in Mexico in the last decade. In the last ten years, the war on drugs has intensified in Mexico. President Felipe Calderon, who was elected in 2006, has been rigorously fighting this menace. In 2006, the president sent troops to stop killings that were going […]

The Projects of the Mohammed Bin Rashid Housing Establishment

Abstract Mohammed Bin Rashid Housing Establishment, a corporate personality of a government establishment, aims at providing suitable housing in Dubai to the nationals of Emirates. It does this by offering services that are entirely related to housing of the nationals under a sole umbrella via a wide range of alternatives. Some of the alternatives used […]

The Effectiveness of an Organization’s Internal Management Policies and Programs

Introduction Program evaluation is the application of the practical social science research technique to the method of judging the effectiveness of the organizational policies, programs, or projects as well as their management and implementation for decision making purposes (Langbein & Felbinger, 3). Therefore, the main aim of program evaluation is to assess the effectiveness of […]

Creating a Sustainable Civilization

A Sustainable World Vision is the most critical step in a policy-making process. It is the only missing element not only in policy discussions but also in individual cultures as well. It is common to find individuals addressing their fears, frustrations and doubts than talking about their visions (Meadows 1). In my view, a sustainable […]

Bureaucracy in Public and Private Organizations

Both public and private organizations recognize the need to organize their activities in order to improve efficiency and productivity. There are different ways of organizing a large number of people to work collectively towards the achievement of a common goal. In the primary reading, Max Weber provides a model of organizing activities, employees and the […]

US Social Security vs. Canadian Social Security

Introduction The increasing challenge posed by an increase in the elderly population creates the need to deploy social security services. Demographic patterns on the provision of social services are estimated to increase drastically in the future. In the United States, the notable demographic trends that are likely to impose significant pressures on social security includes […]

Policy Analysis: Homelessness

Problem Identification The term refers to a state of affairs whereby some members of society do not have places they can call home. Such individuals survive through assistance from government and well-wishers. Homelessness is associated with so many societal evils, which calls for immediate solution. The public, as well as government, is endangered with the […]

Liberal ideal in History

Liberal ideal can be termed as a belief in progress and science, the rule of law, expansion of democracy, free markets and production of individual liberties. Different scholars have contributed towards development of liberalism field and as a result there are a number of documents addressing the subject. This paper will critically analyze primary historical […]

An Action Plan for Settling Homeless People in Seattle

It is evident that Seattle is one of the places with the highest number of homeless people. The government has used a large amount of money in trying to deal with this problem, but no significant changes are yet to be seen. However, the problem of homelessness in Seattle can effectively be addressed through two […]

Modernization Theory and the Developing Countries

Introduction Modernization theory is one of the theories of development that seeks to justify why developing countries are not developed. This theory considers the emulation of the developed countries as the best way the third world countries can achieve development. Definition Alexander Dolgin in an article titled manifesto of the new economy defines modernization theory […]

The War On Drugs

Introduction The war on drugs is often associated with controversy. Issues of gender and race have been raised on numerous occasions in the war against drugs. The war on drugs was declared in the United States over three decades ago, and individuals of color have been greatly affected by this war. The policies that have […]

Death Penalty Role in the Criminal Justice System

Capital punishment is one of the most controversial issues in the United States of America. Most Americans believe that death penalty is the best punishment for murderers. However, capital punishment should be abolished in the United States. Even though some people are heartless, there are a few reasons as to why the death sentence should […]

Incidence and Continuity of Statehood

Introduction The state has been considered as the primary subject of international law, a fact that ignores other emerging legal entities, this notwithstanding, this possession of international legal personality cannot be used as a justification of statehood. This is due to the emergence of the so called puppet states which may have international legal personality […]

Nationalism in the Modern-Day World

Introduction Every person in any corner of the earth has a country that he or she considers as his or her motherland. Therefore, no matter where he or she moves, there is something in the back of the mind that reminds him or her of his or her country. For example, United States of America […]

Rwanda as a Fragile State

Introduction One of the great challenges of the new millennium is to ensure that all States are strong enough to meet the many challenges they face. If States are fragile, the peoples of the world will not enjoy the security, development and justice that are their right (Meisler 156). There has never been a universal […]

Introduction of The City Strategy Pathfinder Programme

The City Strategy Pathfinder (CSP) is a strategy that was introduced to reduce unemployment and child poverty. The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) introduced the CSP in London to enhance people to reduce child poverty and improve the rate of unemployment. The vision of the CSP is reduction and prevention of joblessness and child […]

The Problem of Social Cost

For this assignment I have chosen the article The Problem of Social Cost by Coase, as the author claims that the parties that have the ability to compensate the harm can cause harm by asking the following questions “Should A be allowed to harm B or should B be allowed to harm A?” (Coase 2). […]

Web of Institutionalization

Introduction This paper aims to discuss the use of web of institutionalization developed by Caren Levy (1998) in assessing the opportunities for community-led development. We will discuss a particular conflict situation, the construction of the Ilisu Dam on the lower Tigris River, and make general conclusions based on our discussion. The case of the Ilisu […]

Concept of Blame and Responsibility

Crises occur due to poor preparedness and control mechanisms. The drama of blaming and accountability begins whenever a crisis occurs. Somebody will have to receive the blame for allowing a disaster or crisis to happen. The public will blame another person(s) for failing to manage the crisis. Such individuals will blame their partners for the […]

The Brenner Debate

The development of capitalism has often been discussed by historians who focus on the factors that could lead to the decline of the feudal society and emergence of the new socio-economic system. Much attention should be paid to the so-called Brenner debate because this discussion can throw light on various models that can explain the […]

Congress is a Broken Institution

Introduction The unending public and political debates concerning the credibility of the present Congress House of the United States have provoked constitutional changes (Sinclair, 2009). Political analysts and some of the open-minded American citizens have considered the Congress to be an ineffective institution, because the American government seems to manipulate the organization. Complaints against the […]

Freedom of Speech and Expression

It is indeed true that the freedom of individual expression largely emanates from the level of autonomy granted. When our individual autonomies are restricted, the freedom of expression is also affected. This implies that autonomy is the epitome of the freedom of expression in many ways. Nonetheless, a certain level of restriction is usually applied […]

Biggart and Swedberg Views on Capitalist Development

Capitalist development The existence of systematic barriers to economic and capitalist developments poses several challenges to social economic theorists. According to Biggart (2002), capitalist development can be defined as an economic system leading to capital accumulation through privatization of property. In his work, Swedberg advocates a gradual privatization that involves feudal relations turning to capitalists […]

Capitalism and Colonialism

Austin (2014) considers the correlation between colonialism and capitalism. It was argued that the spread of capitalism was largely caused by colonial gains of major empires. Austin (2014) does not refute this statement but offers particular ways in which capitalism found its way to the colonies and the way it developed in empires. Importantly, the […]

Principles of Democratic Structuring

Introduction Competition exists in every aspect of life, and people contesting for a particular post have to employ all efforts to win. The efforts must be strategic, and an effective structure is the main tool for effective organizing campaigns (Bike 12). This paper outlines the importance of structure, the best way to create structure, and […]

Neoliberal Approach to Assessing Sustainability

All policy decisions depend on approaches of various policy actors based on their fundamental principles. Fundamental principles that influence policy decisions differ across policy domains. Also, their influences could be strong or weak while their considerations may be explicit or implicit. At the same time, some considerations could be unclear, unstated, obvious and/or stated. In […]


Introduction The rise and spread of colonialism is one of the significant themes in world civilization. Colonialism is an old phenomenon that emerged during the ancient period in Europe. It can be divided into two phases. The first phase is called old imperialism. It occurred between the fifteenth and the nineteenth centuries. During this timeframe, […]

Utilitarianism in Government

Introduction In the modern world, technology defines the successfulness of any organization, irrespective of the size and the scope of work. Currently, human beings live in the highly connected society whereby information circulation is costless due to the internet, which has made communication easy. In other words, technology has led to developments in politics, economics, […]

Rational Choice, Pluralist and Marxist Theories’ Contributions to the Study of Public Policy

Introduction Making of Public policies can be theorised in a number of way among them rational theory, Marxists theory and pluralist theory. With regard to Cope and Goodship, the drafting of a public policy is not just a task of the government. Instead, it should be viewed as a complicated process that requires the input […]

Is Political Analysis a ‘Scientific’ Enterprise? Should It Be?

According to Fay (1996)1, the study of political science involves a close analysis of dates, governments and politics. This discipline concerns with the study of human behavior and all issues related to politics as observed in controlled environments. This means that it would be very difficult to reproduce results through experimental methods. Many scholars have […]

Form of Political Ideology: Social Democracy

Social democracy is a form of political ideology that originated from Marxist reformists. The main principle of the ideology includes provision of social services to all members of the public, such as education, healthcare, and pension schemes. The ideology seeks to support the disadvantaged in society, including the elderly and children from poor families. In […]

Should Marijuana be Legal?

In the United State, various topics are being debated. However, among the most contentious and debated topics is whether marijuana ought to be legalized or not. Strong advocates for the legalization of cannabis claim that marijuana should be legalized because it numerous medical benefits. However, the opponents strongly assert that cannabis should be considered illegal […]

Differences Between ‘the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen’ and ‘the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen’

This response paper looks at the differences between ‘the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen’ and ‘the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen’. This response paper highlights the differences between the two declarations. The ‘Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen’ was adopted in France and […]

Capitalism: Theoretical and Operational Limitations

Capitalism refers to an economic system in which wealth is owned by a few individuals or corporations that influence its production and distribution. Proponents of capitalism claim that it is a necessity in the attainment of political and economic freedom. However, several criticisms lodged against capitalism have labeled it unethical. These criticisms have elicited mixed […]

Theories of Justice: Utilitarian theory

Utilitarian Theory Utilitarian theory is one of the commonly used and analyzed theories by ancient and modern philosophers due to its universal nature in application. Modern philosophers have made several changes in the theory in order for the theory to fit and address the changing needs of the society. The theory has been supported by […]

Community Development Workers Face

Community development (CD) can be defined as the empowerment of members of a community. This empowerment is tailored to ensure that the members of the community are not only willing, but also able to make good decisions about their lives. Community development is relevant in any country, regardless of whether the country is a developing […]

The End of History: Views of the Philosophers

Summary of the article The world history has been portrayed in diverse ways by a number of political philosophers. In this article, the author presents the arguments of a substantial number of philosophers. The paper brings out the views of the philosophers on the world history, particularly the political and economic developments and their implication […]

Challenges of Community Development

In an ideal world, community development is predicated on principles of social justice and environmental justice (Ledwith, 2005, p.197). In other words, the end goal of a successful community development program should lead to sustainability and the creation of an ecosystem wherein everything flourishes (Ledwith, 2005). It is a force that could lead to positive […]

Political Philosophy: US Declaration of Independence

Introduction Legitimate political authority is that which is derived from the consent given by the people to be governed. This is based on Locke’s explanation in which he applies the social contract technique. The authority may, however, be withdrawn when a state interferes with or reduces the freedom to be enjoyed by subjects (Mukherjee & […]

Political Enquiry

Introduction The purpose of this paper is to determine whether political enquiry should be viewed as a science rather than a concept. To better understand the term political enquiry, a definition of politics is necessary. Politics is defined as a concept that has its roots in law, history, philosophy, economics, psychology, economics and sociology which […]

Analyzing the AGOA Project in Sub-Saharan Africa

Introduction Dependency theory tries to explain a situation where resources flow from poor and less developed states to the developed states. Through this theory, the developed countries benefit at the expense of the poor states and therefore the gap between the poor and the developed countries continues to widen (Hyman, 1994). This theory is based […]

The Justice System: Prison Congestion

Introduction The justice system has experienced substantial organizational growth and improvement over the years. This growth promoted individualized treatment of offenders achieved through institutionalization which led to establishment of prisons, juvenile courts among other rehabilitation facilities. These institutions serve the purpose of rehabilitating prisoners as well as instilling desirable values among them. Over the years, […]

Why Marxism is Scientific

Introduction Marxism refers to a socioeconomic inquiry that uses a materialist approach to interpret history, economics, and capitalism. This interpretation is based on the use of a dialectical perspective. This paper provides answers to the question: Why Marxism is Scientific. It is divided into various sections that examine the scientific basis of Marxism. The first […]

City states in ancient Greece and Renaissance Italy

Introduction The Greek city-states had a distinctive political and social organization. The distinctiveness was mirrored in their democratic systems, citizen rights, understanding of justice and law and strong institutional features. These characteristics distinguished the city-states with others present in various jurisdictions around the world (Mathisen, 2006). On the other hand, Mathisen asserts that the renaissance […]

Bureaucratic Institutions in UK

Bureaucracy is one of the oldest forms of leadership and it is a commonly used tool of management. Quintessential bureaucratic organizations operate in accordance with fixed official duties under a hierarchy of authority and by applying a system of rules to be used in decision making” (Peters 76). Bureaucracy as a system of governance and […]

Crimes, Homelessness, Mental Disorders

Introduction The health and well being of the youth are vital to a country’s future. The Australian government’s efforts to build an improved society are ambitious. Australian policy makers have set determined targets for a better future for its young populace with the help of policies and initiatives (AIHW, 2011). Numerous initiatives are in place […]

Policy Network Models

Introduction Policy network is a globally recognized model that was first developed in the United States of America. It is a long term avenue for implementing various policies formulated in different fields (Fukuyama 1989). The aim here is to promote long term ideas based on democratization. To this end, policy network models hold that global […]

Eligibility Rules Used by Social Welfare Groups

Eligibility rules are the rules that are used by the various social welfare groups and organizations to determine the individuals who are eligible to receive benefits that are on offer. In order to determine the qualifications of the people who are eligible to receive the benefits on offer, there needs to be a set of […]

Capitalism vs. Socialism

Many societies in the world have embraced the corporate social responsibility doctrine. Supporters of the dogma argue that corporations perceived to be socially responsible have higher chances of making enormous sales. Researchers have conducted studies to establish whether corporate social responsibility principle is a socialist or capitalist phenomenon. Unfortunately, studies indicate that social responsibility is […]

Combining Principles and Pragmatism

One of the most challenging attributes of leadership is balancing between principles and pragmatics. The two attributes are a contrast of each other, yet are both important to successful leadership. The main question thus is if it is actually possible to attain a perfect balance between principles and pragmatism, and when do principles override pragmatism […]

Foundations of Bureaucratic Ethics

Introduction The nature of work for public administrators requires them to uphold ethics. Rohr (429) believes that they perform their duties for the good of the public. Democracy is believed to be the foundation of the bureaucratic ethics. This paper will analyze the argument that democratic government is the foundation of bureaucratic ethics Foundations of […]

Leadership and constitution

The process through which other people can be influenced in order to achieve certain targets, motivation, direction and purpose accounts for military leadership. It is imperative to note that the ability to accomplish certain government missions largely depends on how military leadership is well organized. Constitutionally, military leadership and the various roles performed by the […]

Afghan Communism and Soviet Intervention

The purpose of this paper is to get a better perspective and understanding of Afghan communism and the Soviet intervention by critically analyzing the communism ideology and how it aided the Soviet Union to join the war in Afghanistan. Communism as an ideology was by extent borrowed from the Marxist philosophy. Communism by large and […]

Globalisation, Social Policy and Social Provision

Introduction This assignment is a discussion on the topic of Globalisation, Social Policy and Social Provision. In the discussion, I have defined and explained what social provision is, how it emerged and how it relates to social policy and globalisation. The discussion also looks at various actors and polices in social provision, how effective they […]

Social Policy Regimes

Introduction Social policy consists of legislation, principles and activities that countries employ to enhance the social conditions of their people. Due to the emergence of democracy across the world, social policy has become an integral part of democracy as it supports human rights and further enhances the delivery of services in important sectors such as […]

Community Contracting With NGOs and How It May or May Not Improve Service Delivery by the Government

Community contracting is a process whereby institutions or the NGOs purchase or undertake projects on behalf of the community. Community contracting takes a participative approach in the conducting of projects in the community. That is, the community is involved in the idea generation, planning process, implementation stage and the maintenance stage of the project. Community […]

Transition from communism to socialism

People from different places in the world live according to standards, which the society dictates. Human beings start practicing the societal decrees at significantly tender ages. Consequently, people develop behaviors that are congruent with the traditional practices evident in a distinct society. Individuals and societies may become curious thus seeking to decipher how to shift […]

The usefulness of the concept of structural violence in analyzing and understanding international conflicts

Introduction Structural violence is a fundamental concept in the analysis and understanding of international conflicts. The contents of structural violence include disputes, where comprehension between two parties does not come to a point of consensus because of differences in their social setting. The failure of distinct entities in an ecosystem to comprehend each other acts […]

Conditions That Can Give Rise to the Use of Power or Political Behavior in Organization

Organizational politics is viewed as a common approach to acquire power through dubious means other than virtue or merit. Organizational politics is a natural phenomenon resulting from the fact that people perceive things differently and act differently. This multifariousness creates a tension that must be resolved through political means. In some other sense, it could […]

Relationship between Power and Leadership

Ability to use power in order to influence other people is a key element of leadership. Those individuals, who are called leaders, have to shape the actions and attitudes of others. They even have to make people do certain things. Yet, the question is how this power can be obtained and what its major sources […]

Is majority rule democratic?

Democracy is being sought by almost everyone in the world especially Africans who find it as the only alternative for survival (Kasongo 2005). They believe that under a democratic system, there is nothing to lose since it has been a potential solution for the world political crisis. India has been named as the world largest […]

The Security Dilemma in the International Realm

Security Dilemma and Game Theory A state’s strength and/or weakness in national security play an important role in the international realm especially in the said state’s relations with other states. In his book, Perception and Misperception in International Politics, Robert Jervis (1976) discussed that according to the the theory of security dilemma, a wealthy state […]

Why are there different theories of the state? Which one do you find most useful and why?

Introduction The purpose of this essay is to provide an overview of the different theories of the state, highlight the various reasons why there are different theories of the state, and finally, identify the most useful theory as well as providing a justification of the choice. Theories forms the basis of explaining complex phenomenon in […]

Marxists’ Critique of Crises with the Capitalist System

Introduction Capitalism is generally thought of as a philosophy of economic methods, which works to the advantage of the private ownership, which is in charge of the production of goods and provision of services for income or profit by cooperate organisations and individuals. Several philosophers have critiqued certain basics of capitalism, including Marxists. This paper […]

The Contributions Of Anthony Downs’ “The Inside Of Bureaucracy” To Public Administration

Introduction Anthony Downs was born on November 21, 1930 in Illinois. He is one of the prominent scholars who have contributed significantly to the field of public administration and policy. Since the year 1977, Anthony Downs has been working at Brookings Institution as a Senior Fellow. This paper examines the contribution of Anthony Downs’ “The […]

Contributions Of Max Weber’s Bureaucracy To Public Administration

Introduction This assignment is a discussion on the topic of bureaucracy as described by Max Weber. The discussion looks at the theory in general and its effects in public administration in terms of advantages and disadvantages. It will be argued in the discussion that the approach is characterized by hierarchical distribution of power and authority […]

Do you agree with Waever’s claim that “something is a security problem when the elites declare it to be so”?

Background According to the elite, securitization as a concept came from a Danish professor, ole Waever. According to him, the concept of securitization is something which doesn’t exist in materialism, but subjectively exists solidly in people’s minds. Security threats can be categorised into two groups. The first group is the high security threats, which really […]

Contemporary Issues in Social Policy

Strength and welfare of a society depend largely on the extent to which government and social institutions care for their most vulnerable members. Under certain circumstances, people with a learning disability, particularly those who experience severe complications are considered the most vulnerable focus group of the British society. There is convincing evidence that people with […]

Ethnic Nationalism among People

Admittedly, there is quite a specific division between people. Even the modern globalized world is still divided into insiders and outsiders. Some researchers claim that ethnic nationalism is one of the major reasons for conflicts. For instance, Huntington (1993) and Leiken (2005) point out that ethnic nationalism has led to international conflicts in many cases. […]

Mill’s On Liberty

Liberty can be defined as the freedom to do whatever one wishes without control from external forces such as the government. This means that people have the freedom to carry out their activities without restrictions from others. For instance, human beings at liberty are expected to make independent decisions since their thinking is not controlled […]

The Liberal Way of War Book Review: killing to Make Life Live

Discussion The book “Liberal Way of War” was written by Dillon and Reid Foucault theorists of global security. The book is important as it tries to develop Foucault’s bio-political criticism of the “liberal way of war”. The authors also seek to explore the relationship between conception of bio-politics by Foucault and comprehension of international politics […]

What is more valuable in a liberal democracy: positive or negative liberty?

Introduction Democracy is one of the topics, which have received tremendous coverage and audience throughout human history. This essay critically analyzes liberal democracy by focusing on two major schools of thought, which have been the epicenter of most discussions, surrounding this topic. Throughout this analysis, positive democracy will be the most preferred; it allows the […]

Locke and Rousseau’s Arguments in Defense of Liberty

Introduction The social contract theory is one of the most influential theories on how the society is formed and operated. The theory addresses the moral and political obligations that individuals who make up a society have as a result of their interactions with each other. Two of the best known proponents of the social contract […]

Climate Change: Is Capitalism The Problem or the Solution?

Overview The global climatic outlook is an area of concern for many. Climate is perhaps one of the biggest challenges facing humanity today. Its effects are segregate. The poor and the average earners compared to high income earners feel the effects of climate change more. The impact of climatic change has exposed millions of people […]

The Power in Social Science

Introduction In a general sense, power gives an individual (or an entity) the authority to control the behaviors of other people or influence the environment to suit ones need. Power has often been perceived in a number of ways but legitimately, it has often been referred to as authority (Greiner 1988, p. 4). The exercise […]

State Responsibility Theory

The theory of state responsibility relates to laws and principles that control when and how a country should be liable for a breach of international law. DJ Harris shows that the theory of state responsibility is general and not specific to any particular obligation. Thus, it only applies when a country breaches provisions of international […]

Bureaucracy as a Concept

The discourses of Max Weberian’s bureaucracy are central to schools of thought related to merit systems, hierarchical structures of governance, job specialization, and uniform principles. Essentially, bureaucracy is interactively “a large democratic system of government that has trouble making changes in a timely manner” (Mandel, 1992, p.27). The ideal form of bureaucracy discussed by Weber […]

State Formation and Evaluation Theories

Introduction For many years, people have lived in conditions of state-legal reality. During the mankind evaluation process, dozens of theories and doctrines were created, and hundreds or even thousands assumptions expressed. Presently, arguments considering the nature of the State and its role are numerous. However, there is nothing surprising in that. It is entirely understandable […]

Meaning of Sovereignty and the Extent of Contemporary Nation-State Sovereignty

Introduction Sovereignty is supreme authority inferred upon a country or state that makes it immune to jurisdiction outside its boundaries. For sovereignty to be achieved a territory a nation-state must have an effective government that exercises independency from the influences of other governments of other nation-state (McNeely p.38). This paper discusses the notion of sovereignty […]

“Power and Powerlessness” a Article by John Gaventa

Power generates authority and powerlessness reinforces subjection. This is the simplest summary of the article Power and Powerlessness written by John Gaventa. In every society, people struggle to be in powerful positions. Individuals struggle to be in position where they can dictate every single aspect human life. Leaders use the power they have to preserve […]

Materialism And Moral Hazard

In, the article Two Cheers for Materialism, from the book Acting out Culture, The author James Twitchel defines materialism early on as the production and consumption of stuff, and defends it with several well thought out and forceful arguments. This article delivers several references of materialism, being coupled with capitalism. The article also expounds how […]

Revolution in Cairo

The PBS documentary titled Cairo Revolution is about the response of ordinary Egyptians on Mubarak’s oppressive government leadership. It is about non elitists who grew increasingly discontent with the happenings in Cairo. It is about ordinary citizens who could not continue to watch the heightening levels of corruption and injustice. The revolution followed several years […]