The United States employ a somewhat unique system of governance, and you can show your understanding of it by writing a federalism essay.
With its extensive territory and large population, the country required a robust government to sustain its infrastructure and grow into the global superpower it is today. However, its unique circumstances at the time of the formation of the nation made methods that were standard at the time inapplicable, forcing the Founding Fathers to innovate.
As a result, even two hundred years later, each state retains a considerable degree of independence, even if the federal government has grown stronger since then. Your essay can cover any of the many different topics of federalism and its theoretical and practical applications.
The purpose of a country is to make sure that its citizens are as happy and comfortable as they can be. However, the task becomes complicated when the topic of what happiness means, one of the principal federalism essay questions, is taken into consideration.
The United States use two conflicting ideas of Aristotelian happiness and utilitarianism, with the Republican and Democratic parties representing one of the opinions in the respective order.
Aristotelian theories emphasize the individual while utilitarian ones discuss the masses. The Founding Fathers can be said to have preferred the former, as they permitted each state a large degree of autonomy and self-determination. However, the historical successes of the Democrats demonstrate that the other school of thought is popular, as well.
Historically, the emergence of the United States as a federation along with many other federalism essay topics can be explained by the circumstances of the nation’s formation.
After fighting off the British in the Revolutionary War, the territory that would become the United States remained a loose alliance of small states, which can be considered a confederation. They did not want to let a central authority constrain and control their actions once again, as was the case with the British Empire.
However, the system was ultimately non-viable, and the Founding Fathers had to create a more centralized country by creating and ratifying the Constitution. Naturally, many states formed anti-federalist movements and opposed the initiative, but eventually, they agreed to it after their concerns were addressed in the Bill of Rights.
The Constitution has been amended many times, but its core has remained unchanged. The United States is still a federation, and its states can adopt many critical laws without requiring the approval of the central government.
The approach helps the nation introduce progressive laws and eventually have them succeed on a small scale and expand into the rest of the nation. The United States remains committed to liberty, though it adopts a degree of central control to avoid some of its problematic results.
Here are some additional tips on aspects you can cover in the essay:
- Discuss the idea of federalism in other countries that do not currently use it, providing federalism essay examples. How much do the United States’ unique circumstances contribute to its ability to maintain a federation?
- Talk about examples of other federations that currently exist or have existed in the past. Some of their models differ considerably from that used in the United States.
- Discuss the idea of confederations and the reason why few to no countries can be classified as one despite their titles.
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