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Technology refers to devices and skills, which manipulate the adaptation of humans to the environment (Vurdubakis 405). Today, technology has transformed society significantly. At the center of scientific determinist, thoughts are the postulation that technical characteristics of a given technological tool influence companies and society. This essay discusses the intricate relationship between technology and social organization.
Technology and Social Organization
According to the proponents of technological determinism, technology influences all aspects of social life. Moreover, technological transformation is the most potent source of change in the world. They also argue that technology improves efficiency in the work environment. Thus, a significant question is how firms can properly adapt to the requirements placed on them by the latest technologies (Vurdubakis 405-433).
Nonetheless, various approaches condemn this viewpoint for being too parochial and one-sided. Thus, scholars have suggested alternative types of explanations to counteract the supremacy of technological determinism. These explanations include the social transformation of technology, the social edifice of technology, and actor-network theory. All these approaches reject the idea of technological determinism. For instance, some social scientists argue that occupational, cultural, and social factors greatly influence technological advancements (Vurdubakis 405-433). They also contend that technological determinists give much attention to the positive effects of technology, but fail to accept the fact that social organization influences the development of technology.
It can be concluded that technology and social organization influence each other. For example, technology influences social organization and human activities. On the other hand, social needs determine the development of technology.
Vurdubakis, Theodore. “Technology.” Ed. Knights, David and Hugh Wilmot. Introducing organizational behaviour and management. London: Thomson Learning, 2007. 405-433. Print.