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The Volcano and Aurora in Iceland Essay

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Updated: Mar 18th, 2021

Science

Hello, my fellow students. My name is ABC, and I have chosen ‘Volcano and Aurora in Iceland’ as my topic. I have chosen the unique picture because it contains two natural events that occurred simultaneously, i.e. an aurora and a volcano. The picture was taken in 1991at the time when the two natural events were occurring. When negatively or positively charged particles in the atmosphere collide with neutral atoms in the thermosphere, natural light is given out. The natural light seen in the sky is known as an aurora. A volcano occurs when hot materials are released from below the surface of the earth along with weak points. Volcanoes have been shown to occur where tectonic plates diverge or converge. An extinct volcano has no predicted future activity while a dormant volcano could erupt in the future (no particular time). An active volcano has predicted times of erupting shortly. Some natural landmarks have been formed through volcanic activities.

The picture shows a scenario in which the earth and heaven opened up at the same time. In other words, the volcano Hekla was erupting from the surface of the earth while the natural light (aurora) was shining from the sky. It was like the volcano was lit so that it could erupt smoothly. It was a rare event witnessed in Iceland in 1991. It was estimated that the aurora in the picture was about 100 kilometers from the hot materials of the volcano. Hekla is an active volcano whose past volcanic activities have caused great destruction. However, its last eruption occurred about 33 years ago, and it caused minor destruction. It could be interesting to know whether auroras and volcanoes are witnessed only on the earth.

Responses

Hello Erick!

Thank you for your comment. Well, it is not known when a volcano and an aurora will occur again simultaneously in Iceland. The two events are random, and scientists have not been able to predict when they would occur. However, an aurora has higher chances of occurring than a volcano because negatively or positively charged particles in the atmosphere collide frequently with neutral atoms in the thermosphere. On the other hand, a volcano takes a long time to erupt, and it could be difficult to predict its activity. The other places where the events could be seen at the same time could be in the and c regions. The places should have an erupting volcano which should occur at the same time as an aurora.

I hope I have answered your two questions well.

Hi Beatriz!

I like your comment, Beatriz. Well, there is no other time when the two events have been documented to have occurred together. The events are so rare and random that not even the best scientists have been able to predict their occurrences. However, there is a high chance that the two natural events will occur again at the same time in the and c regions in the future.

I hope I have answered your question.

Hello Amanda!

The two events are quite random and unpredictable. It could be any size of a volcano, and it could happen anywhere on earth, particularly in the and c regions. As you have noted, the scenario is quite fascinating.

I hope I have answered your two questions.

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