Registered nurses are responsible for several tasks that require a full range of skills, from moderate knowledge of legislative measures to an in-depth understanding of the patient escort process. The patient is a 24 years old young male, whose name is Matt, and he is an aboriginal islander from Palm Island, who requires several healthcare issues and a unique nursing approach (Smallwood, 2018). He underwent primary care procedures, and currently, Matt is going to head to his mother’s town, which is Kirwan, Townsville. They both will require assistance from Aboriginal/Indigenous Hospital Liaison Officer and patient escort medical specialists to be safely delivered to their final destination of care.
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Close the Gap campaign and Closing the Gap national strategy possess the same goal of reducing the health gap between non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australians. The campaign Close the Gap was initiated in 2007, and it is regulated by numerous entities, including the Australian Human Rights Commission (AHRC). The campaign acts as social awareness, which wants equal rights for everyone regardless of ethnic background. However, Closing the Gap is a government policy, which aims to protect the healthcare right of the Indigenous people of Australia, because politicians believe that these communities are being mistreated and discriminated against by the current system (Ahmed, Rajagopalan, & Fuller, 2015). The operation of law and the method of legislation are in interaction. They penetrate each other, where the system of law is contained in the policy of legislation, and the constitution enshrines the right. Their constituent elements distinguish the system of law and order of legislation. The initial component of the legal system is the rule of law, and the legislative scheme is an article of the regulatory legal act.
Furthermore, a significant difference is present because the regulatory legal act is an element of the healthcare legislative system. It may include the norms of various branches of law, such as electoral laws, where the given acts on minority patient protection are interdisciplinary. It is important to be able to differentiate between various types of legislative documents and entities to understand the underlying problem of special care. Public authorities operate as legal entities and should not deprive minority groups of the opportunity to use their healthcare aid power (Dixit & Sambasivan, 2018). However, in legal relations in which the state body has authority, their regulator will be the norms of administrative law or other public law.
The Australian Human Rights Commission’s Close the Gap 2018 report claims that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health state was not substantially improved by the increased government expenditure, because it resembled market failure. In other words, these communities did not experience significant health level improvement, whereas the expenditure rate of the budget multiplied (Reifels et al., 2015). The report states that the Close the Gap campaign cannot aim for equal healthcare rights by providing one group more financial and jurisdictional support than the other ones.
According to the report, a better way to address the problem is by building a legal system as a reaction to the development and complication of healthcare legislative and regulatory laws. At the dawn of the legal mechanism, when the entire legislation was reduced to one or several acts, there was no need for a Close the Gap system. There is no such need in modern ethnic and ordinary systems, where the concept of the legal system is not in demand in the Australian states (Collyer et al., 2015). However, for the communities of the Indigenous legal family, the legislative system is fundamental. It reflects the need of such states to streamline all socially significant relations with the help of regulatory legal acts.
Nonetheless, the Australian healthcare and legal system need a holistic approach. It covers all norms and forms a complex multi-level complex, including industries, institutions, and rules of law. The system of law meets the requirements for systems in general, as evidenced by the presence of complex relationships between elements of the rule of law (Lewis et al., 2018). A properly constructed system of healthcare law should correspond to the real, in fact, existing division of social relations into separate groups (Meyer, 2015). For the construction of a system of equal law, such categories as the subject and method of legal regulation are of particular importance.
The occupation of patient escort specializes in providing the necessary support and aid for patients during their relocations and transfer. It is important to have the presence of personal qualities that promote genuine communication in transmitting the information, the vision of the future, and the desire to find a way out of a hopeless situation (Russell et al., 2015). The given medical specialists are highly crucial for Matt and his mother because they need careful and on-demand relocation through current health status analysis. The first problem is that the nursing process for a patient escort with people in emergencies is carried out in an extremely stressful situation with a time limit. The medical professionals are required to decide, whether they need to refuse or accept the current state of affairs. In addition, the patient escort process must apply a method of systematic and procedural implementation of professional care by a nurse.
The patient escort process is a method for the systematic and step-by-step implementation of professional nursing by a medical specialist. Transportation measures of emergency patients can be unavoidable under highly risky circumstances. As a result, they need a unique set of nursing and preventive measures, which takes into account the in-depth knowledge of patient escort care. The second problem of the patient escort process is defining patient problems that are most effectively addressed through escort care, and the formulation of nursing diagnosis (Dunphy, 2014). The purpose of the given stage is to identify the existing problems of the patient regarding relocation to identify and prioritize potential challenges.
The settlement of the legal status of indigenous peoples representing the overwhelming majority of the aboriginal population is one of the most pressing problems in the political life of Australia. Thus, the Aboriginal/Indigenous Hospital Liaison Officer plays a major role in monitoring and supporting culturally safe care. The current situation of Matt and his mother allows them to be liable and plausible to have access to special healthcare treatment assistance from the Aboriginal/Indigenous Hospital Liaison Officer. His/her responsibility is to act as a cultural link between healthcare professionals and service providers and aboriginal people. The given jurisdictional practice is based on the concept of indigenous rights that had emerged during the period of British colonial rule. The underlying principle of self-government worked out in the 20th century (Gabe, Harley, & Calnan, 2015). It was influenced by the political movement of the indigenous people. The indigenous have their languages, culture, and social institutions, have opposed the longstanding subordination to the Australian legal system. Thus, they secured the right to participate in special healthcare, elect local governments, and partly the rights to own land and resources within reservations.
The federal authorities still have the right to create laws regulating healthcare issues related to the indigenous overall health status. However, many of these communities have achieved the power to control a wide range of healthcare issues of domestic political life on healthcare assistance. By Australian law, the Aboriginal Ministry is authorized to issue, decline, or eliminate certificates of temporary use or permanent use of medical and monetary aid (Caffery, Bradford, Smith, & Langbecker, 2018). User heirs may request an extension of the corresponding right. Patients of medical support, such as Matt and his mother, have the right to acquire healthcare aid. They also can enter into any agreements regarding the use of assistance with persons who are not registered as candidates of the special assistance. The current Australian healthcare system needs to implement traditional and collective treatment approaches for older adults, who are considered as the most vulnerable age group of the society (Fredericks, Best, & Fergie, 2018). Although Matt’s mother is eligible for the special care assistance, it is not due to her seniority status, but because she is a member of the indigenous community. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to design and implement new strategies for senior Australian citizens, where the underlying concept is derived from the core idea of aboriginal people.
In conclusion, the case of Matt and his mother addresses numerous issues of the current Australian healthcare system. The scope of the challenges encompasses subjects from legislative and legal measures to intercultural and health-related procedures. To achieve full assistance from both government programs and separate social awareness campaigns, registered nurses are required to possess a thorough understanding and comprehension of the aims of these institutions. In the case of Matt and his mother, they need careful and professional relocation, which can be delivered through an appropriately designed patient escort process. The Aboriginal/Indigenous Hospital Liaison Officer can act as a cultural link between healthcare providers and ethnic minority patients.
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