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The fast rate at which incorporation of the biological and man-made matter is taking place has been occasioned by the rapid growth of bionanotechnology (Eweida et al., 2009). The new biochemical structures are unique both in terms of the external and internal properties. These materials will also be useful in the development and production of medical devices.
Introduction, materials and methods
A collagen/carbon nanotube material has been described in this piece of work. The latter can also be used in the production of tissues when utilized as a scaffold. In addition, carbon nanotubes and collagen have been integrated into the composite matter owing to their advantages. It is vital to mention that a biomaterial has specific requirements that are, in fact, contained in the aforementioned components. For example, this material is utilized as an osteoinductive agent because it is absorbent. Moreover, it can readily disintegrate into simpler substances through the process of biological degradation. The mechanical rigidity of this component is also one of the most important features that the researchers relied on during the experiments. Da Silva et al. (2009) are also of the opinion that under fluid environments, it is easy to attain both swelling and tuned stability.
Results and discussions
One of the hypotheses adopted by the authors was that the arc discharge method might be used to prepare carbon nanotubes. The main catalytic materials are nickel and carbon. However, purification of the final sample is necessary in order to end up with an effective process. The authors used cattle tendons and rat tails in order to extract the required collagen.
From the assumptions, the authors suggested that the gel contraction assay required a number of antibodies during the process of preparation so that the final sample can react easily with the other reactants. In regards to the aims of the experimental study, the authors sought to come up with new biomimetic structures. After several experimental procedures, it became possible for the authors to promote the fabrication and development of vital devices needed in the field of medicine. It is interesting to mention that they succeeded in addressing these concerns after conducting a series of experiments.
This research study was conducted owing to the need to develop alternative novel devices for medical use. In particular, the authors desired to promote and develop medical devices that could be used in future to undertake the process of bone regeneration scaffolds. The scientific rigour of the work presented in the paper is beyond any doubt bearing in mind that the study is comprehensive and empirical in nature.
Actual experiments were carried out, and the results obtained analysed thoroughly before conclusions could be drawn. In addition, the need for better methods in tissue generation has been thoroughly addressed through a well-documented scientific approach. The researchers also observe that biocomposites made up of collagen or carbons will be vastly used in future for the sole purpose of tissue regeneration. There are various fields which will immensely benefit from such an experimental procedure in biotechnology.
In recap, the research paper has added a lot of vital knowledge to the existing body of research in this field. For instance, there have been limited methods of tissue regeneration in this field of science. Suggestions put forward in this research paper provide alternative scientific procedures that can be used to regenerate body tissues. The work presented is also original because the materials used have been prepared from scratch. The authors have developed a completely new technique. Hence, this piece of work should be categorised as a seminal paper.
Da Silva, E, E, Colleta, D, M, Ferlauto1, A, S. Moreira1, R, L, Resende, R, R, Oliveira1, S, Kitten, G, T, Lacerda, R, G, & Ladeira, L, O 2009, ‘Nanostructured 3-D Collagen/Nanotube Biocomposites for Future Bone Regeneration Scaffolds’, Nano Res, vol. 2, pp. 462-473.
Eweida, A, Nabawi, A, Abouarab, M, Kayed, M, Elhammady, H, Etaby, A, Khalil, M, Shawky, M, Kneser, U, Horch, R, Nagy, N, & Marei, M 2014, ‘Enhancing mandibular bone regeneration and perfusion via axial vascularization of scaffolds’, Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1671-1678.