The process of coffee growing has a one-year cycle, from preparing the soil for planting to sending coffee to the market. It starts in the middle of September, when the soil for future coffee growing is ploughed, fertilized, and weeded. Then coffee seedlings are planted, 4 seedlings per hole. The first stage takes 3 months, to the middle of December. For the next three months, the period of coffee growing takes place: the plots with the seedlings are irrigated, sprayed, fertilized, and weeded. This is the stage when coffee berries grow and ripen. After that, since the middle of March, ripe berries are hand-picked from the plots and transported to the processing plant by a tractor.
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Then the stage of coffee processing begins. It can be done in two different ways, with the help of machines or by hand. The first type of processing implies that coffee grains are removed from outer husks by a pulping machine and fermented. Then they are washed, which means that pulp and leaves leaving beans are removed. After that, the beans are sun-dried for 24 hours and then machine dried completely. The second way implies that the beans are at first sun-dried, which takes from 2 days to 2 weeks, and then the husks are removed and the beans are sorted by hand.
When the primary processing is finished, the stage of coffee selling begins. Coffee is exported from Brazil to Europe, the USA, and other parts of the World. When the coffee is transported to the necessary place, it is roasted, ground, and sold for drinking. The whole cycle lasts till October.