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Montezuma, in 1787 identified the need to avoid a consolidated system of governance. A system where the judiciary, legislature, and the presidency interact at the same level leads to tyranny. In such regimes, votes have no powers but to elect leaders who are corrupted by powerful members of the ruling class. Even the judiciary became an instrument used by the government to achieve certain objectives. Tyranny in modern society is still evident even though there is an illusion that democracy rules America.
Overview of the Message
Aristocratic tendencies characterized the government in 1787. The nation was duped into the establishment of the House of Representatives as part of democracy. However, the House of Representatives as a lower house have no influence since every bill they create is subject to negative views of the president and the upper house (The Federalist Papers). Leaders in the House of Representatives are perpetual officeholders with no powers. Even when leaders of integrity are elected, good manners are corrupted by systems that encourage aristocracy. Even the judiciary is a “gun” used by the government to achieve its objectives. The Court embraces the supreme laws of the land while neglecting the need to guaranty equity (The Federalist Papers).
Intent in Writing
Montezuma wrote the essay on October 17, 1787, to demonstrate how the government engaged in monarchy and aristocracy. In particular, society in 1787 elected men into the House of Representatives. However, the House of Representatives experiences aristocratic democracy because the bills generated in this house are subject to negative reviews of the president and the upper house (The Federalist Papers). In particular, the people who elect leaders at the lower level have no representation in the government. The citizens at the time only had the power to elect legislatures.
Response to the message if lived at that the time
The president and the upper house should not have control over bills prepared in the House of Representatives. Tyranny can be eliminated by recognizing the power vested in American citizens (Helfman 107). As a result, it is necessary to allocate equal powers to bills at any level of representation so that concerns of voters are considered. American citizens should not just have the authority to elect leaders who have no influence in governance (Johnson 7). High levels of tyranny in the legislature, judiciary, and presidency should be eliminated so that all levels of governance become independent.
Correlation between the message and current events
Pole (149) argues that the power of the lower-class, especially voters in the United States have no voice. The president and legislators have immense power in determining all aspects of life. The power to increase taxes, wage war, and increase military presence in other countries is vested among legislators. According to Roark, Johnson, Cohen, Stage, and Hartmann (5), leaders elected, whether republicans or democrats, only serve the wishes of the powerful in the society based on private businesses. No leader is prepared to destroy the monster (the government) and its businesses. At the same time, citizens have no right to speak or publish daring sentiments even though they have the power to elect leaders (Bresciani 984).
American citizens are far from achieving democracy. Citizens have no powers but to elect leaders. Elected leaders have no other interest but to preserve private businesses of the ruling class. Furthermore, the president and the upper house have powers to discredit the bill arising from lower levels of representation in states. Leaders in the first-class inspection level approve of every idea and legislation, thereby leading to high concentrations of aristocracy and bureaucracy.
Bresciani, Marco. “Socialism, Antifascism and Anti-Totalitarianism: The Intellectual Dialogue (and Discord) between Andrea Caffi and Nicola Chiaromonte (1932– 1955).” History of European Ideas 40.7 (2014): 984–1003. Web.
Helfman, Tara. “The Law of Nations in the Federalist Papers.” The Journal of Legal History 23.2 (2002): 107–128. Web.
Johnson, Michael. Reading the American past: Selected historical documents: Volume 1: To 1877 (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martinâs, 2012. Print.
Pole, Jack. “How to Avoid a Coup D’état: The Federalist on the American Constitution.” Parliaments, Estates and Representation 20.1 (2000): 149–158. Web.
Roark, James, Johnson, Micheal, Cohen, Patricia, Stage, Sarah, and Hartmann, Susan. The American promise: A concise history, volume 1: To 1877 (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martinâs, 2014. Print.
The Federalist Papers. Anti-federalist Papers # 9: A consolidated Government is a tyranny. The Federal Papers, 2016. Web.