Fear of heights can be measured using questionnaires; this is because there is no experimental methodology that can be used to determine the fear of heights due to its risky nature. Quantitative measuring of fear heights can be adopted using Likert scales ranging from zero to five, with five indicating extreme fear and zero indicating no fear of heights (Burns & Grove, 2010).
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Homelessness can be measured using focus groups. This is because determining the level of homelessness does not entail a quantitative experiment that requires the assignment of variables. Ruane (2005) argues that focus groups are among the most effective methods of gathering collective data. Also, it offers an interactive approach to social research. Focus groups used in the research will comprise of the participants and the facilitator.
Focus groups are an effective methodology for determining the level of homelessness because it requires having an in depth discussion with the participant (Burns & Grove, 2010). The rules for quantitative measuring of homelessness include a continuous spectrum on a scale, with the highest attainable level of measurement being totally homeless.
Measuring self-esteem requires observation of the participants; this is because self-esteem is a psychological concept that most individuals are less likely to accept that they are suffering from esteem issues. This can be determined by observing how the individual interacts with other people in the social set up (Ruane, 2005). The rules for quantitative measuring of self-esteem include measuring self-esteem levels in different social contexts using rank orders and interval scales.
Caloric consumption can be measured using questionnaires, which are administered periodically to monitor the participants’ trends of caloric consumption. Participants are required to fill the questionnaires to note down their caloric consumption levels in terms of milligrams. The rules for quantitative measuring of caloric consumption include the frequency of nominal measurements by assignment of score data.
Measuring adherence to a medication regimen can be determined using focus groups, whereby the participants are subjected to discussions regarding their use of the medication regimen. Focus groups are effective because it facilitates open discussions regarding their adherence to the medication (Burns & Grove, 2010). The rules for quantitative measuring adherence to medical regimen include the frequency of nominal measurements by assignment of score data.
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Burns , N., & Grove, S. (2010). Understanding nursing research Building an evidence based practice. New York: Elsevier – Health Sciences Division.
Ruane, J. M. (2005). Essentials of Research methods: a guide to social science research. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.