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Death Penalty and American Civil Liberties Union Annotated Bibliography


The article by ACLU argues against capital punishment on a legal basis. According to the authors, capital punishment is “an intolerable denial of civil liberties” (ACLU). Specifically, it “violates the constitutional ban against cruel and unusual punishment” (ACLU). The article contains meticulously gathered evidence of the controversial nature of the death sentence. All claims are supported by respective legal provisions. The cited documents are appropriately referenced. The article contains exhaustive evidence against capital punishment. This fact makes it an excellent source of legal information for the research paper.

The article by Jimmy Carter is an attempt at disproving capital punishment from several perspectives. The author questions the ethical, economic, and statistical aspects of the issue. Carter cites authority opinion to support the argument. Importantly, most of the evidence is not cited. However, the claims made by the author are persuasive. Besides, it contains a concise comparison of state statistics (Carter). The article is a useful example of a compelling argument. It is a good source of persuasive information for the research.

The article by Jonh Donohue, the law professor from Stanford University, presents a coherent argument against capital punishment. The article highlights several issues, including the high cost of the penalty and psychological inconsistencies. However, the main focus of the author is on the lack of evidence of its effectiveness in crime deterrence. The author addresses several alleged benefits of capital punishment. To disprove them, he cites statistical evidence from Canada, Hong Kong, Singapore, and several American states (Donohue). All sources cited by the author are credible and scientifically accurate. Overall, the paper effectively compiles numerous sources that show how wasteful and inefficient capital punishment is. Therefore, it is highly useful both as a source of evidence for my research paper.

Testimony by Richard Dieter from Death Penalty Information Center argues that capital punishment is inefficient financially. The main concern of the author is the extreme inefficiency of a death penalty in its current form. Paradoxically, the decline in efficiency is accompanied by the rise in costs (Dieter). The author cites numerous documents in support of his assertions. The evidence includes data from several states and documentation of expenses. Overall, the evidence is persuasive and reliable from an academic standpoint. The article tackles several common misconceptions regarding the cost of capital punishment. This approach is useful for gaining an overview of the research article.

The article by Phillips details the expenses associated with capital punishment. The main argument of the article is the excessive cost of the procedure. The author analyzes each stage to prove the point. According to the data, only the actual execution is inexpensive (Phillips). All other aspects are several times more costly for capital cases. The author draws evidence from several states to support her claims. The article is especially valuable because of the author’s specialty. Phillips is an expert on taxation, which makes the text both reliable and accessible.

The article by Ed Pinklington argues against capital punishment by citing a major study of erroneous executions. According to the study, at least 4.1% of individuals sentenced to death were innocent (Pinklington). Given the time frame of the study, this is equivalent to about 340 individuals (Pinklington). The study in question is the sole evidence used by the author. The researchers reported using several techniques for improving the accuracy and reliability of the data. The article sums up the findings in a concise manner and provides clarifications to strengthen the argument. In addition to presenting the scientific findings in an approachable manner, the article contains several important comments from the experts. The combination of these facts makes the article invaluable for the research paper.

Works Cited

ACLU. American Civil Liberties Union, n.d., Web.

Carter, Jimmy. Carter Center, 2012, Web.

Donohue, John. The Conversation, 2015, Web.

Dieter, Richard. Death Penalty Information Center, 2013, Web.

Phillips, Kelly. Forbes, 2014, Web.

Pinklington, Ed. The Guardian, 2014, Web.

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IvyPanda. (2020, September 26). Death Penalty and American Civil Liberties Union. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/death-penalty-and-american-civil-liberties-union/

Work Cited

"Death Penalty and American Civil Liberties Union." IvyPanda, 26 Sept. 2020, ivypanda.com/essays/death-penalty-and-american-civil-liberties-union/.

1. IvyPanda. "Death Penalty and American Civil Liberties Union." September 26, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/death-penalty-and-american-civil-liberties-union/.


Bibliography


IvyPanda. "Death Penalty and American Civil Liberties Union." September 26, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/death-penalty-and-american-civil-liberties-union/.

References

IvyPanda. 2020. "Death Penalty and American Civil Liberties Union." September 26, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/death-penalty-and-american-civil-liberties-union/.

References

IvyPanda. (2020) 'Death Penalty and American Civil Liberties Union'. 26 September.

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