Cimon states that “diabetes is a disease where one has high concentration of blood sugar either because the cells are not responding to the insulin produced or because the pancreas is not producing enough insulin (p, 12).
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It is a metabolism disorder because from metabolism, digested food is broken down to glucose which is a form of sugar in the blood and is considered as the principal source of fuel. If the metabolism process fails to take place, it is considered a disorder. There are three types of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes results from the failure of the body to produce any insulin. The person is injected with insulin or advised to wear an insulin pump. Type two diabetes which occurs due to failure of the cells to use the insulin produced properly and contributed to by inefficiency of the insulin.
And finally, type three diabetes also known as gestational diabetes which occurs in pregnant women who had not been previously diagnosed with the disease.
Diabetic Education Program
Diabetes education programs and awareness have been fully developed in all the areas of patient program evaluation practice and one of the oldest. Awareness programs are usually conducted to educate the public on ways of preventing and eliminating diabetic infections.
The purpose of the program is to reduce the burden associated with diabetic and pre-diabetic diseases by ensuring that prevention approaches have been adopted to prevent the complications related to the disease.
Roles and Objectives in the Diabetic Evaluation Process
First, the program emphasizes on awareness and knowledge of the risk factors associated with diabetes. Focus is mainly put on measures to prevent type two diabetes.
Second objective is increasing awareness among people who are infected with diabetes and providing management programs to monitor the disease to improve their quality of life. As a result, it has increased hope of surviving in individuals who are infected. This is mainly caused by lack of efficiency of insulin in the blood.
Third objective has been to decrease the number of Americans who are undiagnosed diabetes. To achieve this objective, monthly awareness campaigns have been publicized to reach people at all levels.
Another objective, from people who are at risk for type 2 diabetes, ensure that people adopt healthy lifestyles from dieting to developing health fitness lifestyles. Other objectives are geared towards reducing health problems in populations burdened by diabetes and to implement proved strategies into health care
Through the diabetic education programs several goals have been achieved. Most evidently, has been the healthy lifestyles which have been achieved from the awareness programs.
People who are infected with the disease have developed fitness programs ,eat healthy and nutritious meals and mostly are being tested frequently for the disease. Also, the numbers of deaths associated with diabetes have significantly dropped.
Since the programs were established, they have received continued support from government and other multinational corporations. This has made it affordable to those who can’t afford diabetes treatment. More people with undiagnosed diabetes have come out to be tested and receive the necessary treatment.
As a result pregnant mothers who are undiagnosed, have reduced transmission of the infection to their children and have prevented death related cases.
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Steps and Phases of Program Evaluation and Planning
There are six major steps taken in the process of diabetes program evaluation and planning.
The first step is to identify people who are undiagnosed with diabetes and have pre-diabetes conditions. “Pre –diabetes condition occurs when a person is observed to have a higher glucose than normal” (Miller ,24).
Guidelines and symptoms should be clearly put up to enable people identify whether they are infected with diabetes type 1 or type 2.
Doctors should avoid using terms such as low sugar and high sugar in describing the patients conditions. Obese people are mostly advised to go for testing because one of its major causes is diabetes.
Second step focuses on management of pre-diabetes conditions which sensitizes people to live healthy lifestyles in order to avoid symptoms associated with diabetes 2.
Third step is on self management in relation to how people diet and develop healthy lifestyles.All these management steps are focused on reducing risks associated with diabetes.
The fourth step focuses on treating diabetic complications and preventing the complications. Complications such as lack of glucose and insulin in the blood are treated to avoid further damages.
Fifth step concentrates on people with special needs such as women, children older people and minor ethnicities.proper education is given to prevent pre-diabetic conditions.
Lastly, the sixth step will involve monitoring the progresses of patients diagnosed with diabetes.The effectiveness of treatments used are monitored to ensure they are effective.
Stakeholders Involved and Their Role
The major stakeholders involved are NDEP partners and other private partners who have worked towards its success.
How Data is Collected and Tracked
The data will be collected from all clinics from patients who visit and will be tracked through frequent visits by the patients, by monitoring their progress.
Diabetes is a fatal disease and frequent awareness should be raised to sensitize people in avoiding deaths and illness associated with it.
Cimon, Davidson. Clinical Diabetes Mellitus: A Problem Oriented Approach. New York, NY: 2000. Print.
Gerstein, Miller. Handbook of Diabetes Medical Nutrition Therapy 2e. Maryland: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 1996. Print.