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Modern society is a source of numerous stressors impacting individuals at different levels and promoting the emergence of multiple negative alterations in their personalities. The high speed of everyday life, complex interactions, increased responsibility, and the need to achieve and meet peoples expectations can exert pressure on a person and precondition the gradual deterioration of his or her psychical state.
The accumulation of these factors might result in the occurrence of stress and its further development. The given problem acquires the top priority nowadays as the level of people experiencing stress increases annually (Couvillon, Kane, Peterson, Ryan, & Shceuermann, 2018). The paper is focused on defining crisis and outlining possible interventions to assist individuals suffering from it and ensure their recovery.
There are multiple definitions of crisis in modern psychology as there are numerous sources and causes for its emergence. However, the most generalized one states that it is a specific sort of an individuals experience characterized by extreme exhaustion of coping skills, self-esteem, social support, interactions, and power (Boscarino, 2015). The given approach includes several aspects that are fundamental for every person as they are an integral part of his or her everyday activities and precondition his or her ability to meet various challenges and overcome them. A state of crisis is dangerous as it contributes to the emergence and development of a number of complications characterized by different severity and impact of the health status (Jacobson & Butler, 2013). Under these conditions, interventions to assist people in crisis are critical.
The choice of the appropriate method of working with patients depends on the signs and causes of the crisis. A counselor should correctly investigate the case and assess the existing needs, the level of their satisfaction, and problems an individual faces (Jacobson & Butler, 2013). A person can be disoriented, uncertain about his or her future, have the feeling of the blame for particular actions, remain in a low mood (Jacobson & Butler, 2013). As for the physical level, a crisis can be evidenced by increased heart rate, weakness, headaches, vomiting, sweating, and fatigue (Streater, Coleston-Shields, Yates, Stanyon, & Orrell, 2017). A counselor is responsible for the discovery and recognition of these symptoms to introduce the appropriate intervention that might help an individual to recover.
There are multiple types of efficient methods. In general, crisis intervention is emergency first aid provided to patients to improve their mental health and empower coping abilities and self-esteem (Zanello, Berthoud, & Bacchetta, 2017).
That is why the psychological aid includes support provided to patients and consultation with specialists about reasons preconditioning this very state. One of the possible models presupposes the provision of this aid and emotional support for individuals to release feelings, share their problems, and talk about charged areas (Jacobson & Butler, 2013). The efficiency of this method comes from the idea that in the majority of cases people have to hide their problems to seem strong (Boscarino, 2015). However, it contributes to the accumulation of stress and negative results. For this reason, in some situations, this intervention promotes positive alterations in people.
Another intervention model presupposes the in-depth investigation of the case with the patient. First, it will help to prove the fact that a patient experiences crisis as in many cases they are unconscious about it; second, the central causes for its emergence along with its elimination will be formulated (Helleman, Goossens, van Achterberg, & Kaasenbrood, 2017). Brainstorming can also be used to find the most efficient and appropriate solution that will improve the state of a patient and help him or her to recover.
Comparing these models, their efficiency should be accepted. At the same time, the first one can be used in some simple cases characterized by the absence of critical alterations and a comparatively low level of stress. As for the second one, it can be applied to various cases regardless of their complexity to guarantee that a patient will recover and foster his or her coping strategies.
Boscarino, J. (2015). Community disasters, psychological trauma, and crisis intervention. International Journal of Emergent Mental Health, 17(1), 369-371. Web.
Couvillon, M., Kane, E., Peterson, R., Ryan, J., & Shceuermann, B. (2018). Policy and program considerations for choosing crisis intervention programs. Journal of Disability Policy Studies. Web.
Helleman, M., Goossens, P., van Achterberg, T., & Kaasenbrood, A. (2017). Components of brief admission as a crisis intervention for patients with a borderline personality disorder: Results of a Delphi study. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 24(4), 314-326. Web.
Jacobson, L., & Butler, K. (2013). Grief counseling and crisis intervention in hospital trauma units: Counseling families affected by traumatic brain injury. The Family Journal, 21(4), 417-424. Web.
Streater, A., Coleston-Shields, D., Yates, J., Stanyon, M., & Orrell, M. (2017). A scoping review of crisis teams managing dementia in older people. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 12, 1589-1603. Web.
Zanello, A., Berthoud, L., & Bacchetta, J-P. (2017). Emotional crisis in a naturalistic context: Characterizing outpatient profiles and treatment effectiveness. BMC Psychiatry, 17(130). Web.