Psychological Issues Essay Examples and Topics

Psychology Issues: Social Anxiety Disorder

Introduction Also referred to as social phobia, social anxiety disorder is a psychological condition that is associated with the constant fear of surrounding social conditions (Ledley & Heimberg, 2005). It may also be regarded as extreme discomfort experienced by an individual because of fear. People who suffer from social anxiety disorder are often concerned about […]

Psychology: Maladaptive Kinds of Behaviours

A normal person exhibits the constituents of a normal personality. Anyone with an appropriate perception of reality, self-esteem and acceptance, the ability to exercise voluntary control over their own behaviour, productive and ability to form affectionate relationship is considered normal. On the other hand, a person is termed abnormal when he or she exhibits aspects […]

My Experiential Challenging

Introduction The role of decision making cannot be established clearly without undergoing serious traumatic incidences that request fast action (Myers, 2004). Primarily, most people undergo at least one such incident in their life time. Most are able to pass these experiences and identify valid solutions that allow them to continue well with their life. However, […]

A False Memory

Introduction A false memory is a condition of giving twisted and biased information. Although a human memory is a powerful tool, it makes someone at some point to give incorrect information. This is caused by some factors like distracters. A good example that demonstrates a false memory is position of items in a list. People […]

Methodological Bias Associated with Sex Depression

Introduction Depression is a stage in stress psychology and it can affect any person across the gender and demographic variables. However, depression is more common in women than men and statistics shows that in the united state in every three reported cases of depression one is a man while the ratio increases to worldwide statistics […]

Child Prostitution in Thailand

Abstract This project is going to examine ways through which the problem of child prostitution in Thailand can be addressed. Child prostitution is one of the major issues, which have continued to violate the rights of children. The practice is common in South East Asia, and catastrophic in Thailand. Popular education as advocated by Freire […]

Online and Face-to-face Counselling

This paper dwells upon the attitude towards online counselling services compared to face-to-face services. Rochlen, Beretvas and Zack (2004) note that the use of the Internet for various healthcare purposes (including counselling) have been a matter of wide-scale discussion. More so, numerous online resources are being created and the market of online counselling services is […]

Depression in Saudi Arabia

Introduction Depression is a common health problem in the world today. The World Health Organization estimates that depression is the leading cause of disability based on the number of years lost due to disability (YLDS). Also, the world body estimates that depression is the 4th leading contributor to the global burden of disease based on […]

Handling a Depressed Youth

Research indicates that depressed teens are more likely to commit suicide compared to those that do not experience depression (King, Strunk & Sorter, 2011). It also shows that cases of suicide are few during the early stages of an individual’s development, but increase as youths approach adulthood (King, Strunk & Sorter, 2011). According to Erford […]

Metacognition and Neuropsychology

In medical psychology, metacognition has become an important area of research. In particular, the relationship between metacognition and some mental disorders is an important field. For instance, Önena, Uğurlub, and Çayköylüb (2013) attempted to determine the relationship between metacognition and insight within the context of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Using a sample of 100 patients with compulsive […]

Dichotomy of the Body and Mind

Introduction The dichotomy of the mind is a concept of dualism. The mind exists as a separate entity from the body, thus both can work separately. The mind and body have different effects on each other. Thus, one tries to gain control over the other. The stronger one eventually overpowers the weaker one and gains […]

Personality Disorders: Types, Causes and Impacts

Introduction The personality of an individual influence how he acts and it influences his perception of self and others. While people have different personalities, there are some common behaviors and patterns of thinking that are typical in a healthy personality. People who display deviant personality traits, often characterized by dysfunctional thinking patterns and uncontrolled emotions, […]

Anxiety Disorders: Definition, Causes, Impacts and Treatment

Introduction Anxiety is a common condition experienced by all human beings at some point in their lives. A person can feel anxious when he/she is faced with a stressful situation or is about to face a new and exciting condition. Mild anxiety is not only normal but it can even be useful by motivating the […]

Mental Health Counselor

Characteristics of an Effective Counselor Effective counseling calls for one to have a number of characteristics that are founded on one’s personality. Patience and calmness are some of the desirable characteristics for one to be a good counselor. More often than not, counselors deal with people who are mentally and emotionally distressed. Patience, therefore, puts […]

Object Relations Case Conceptualization

Introduction Even though Tammy had a happy childhood, she was depressed due to her parent’s poor relationship or lack of frequent dialogue and this might have resulted into suicide attempts or divorce. Moreover, Tammy was poor in maintaining love relationships and commitments and these could be attributed to her poor upbringing, because both the father […]

Stress & Its Effects on the Brain and Body

Summary and Hypothesis Negative aspects of factors that affect human body functions cause stress. Negative factors, or stressors, arise from abnormalities in the physiological functions of the body. The physiological processes that keep the human body functioning properly may suffer interference from outside or within the body such that they are not in equilibrium (Goldstein […]

What is Schizophrenia?

Introduction Many different psychological disorders that have been discovered in the medical world tend to afflict human beings thus affecting their day-to-day activities. Psychological disorders come in different ways. At the same time, they are tackled in different ways that can be described as the best in the present-day world of medicine. Some psychological disorders […]

Psychopathy and Externalized Disorders

The prevalence of psychopathy is at 1% in society today while in other populations such as prisoners and those in mental institutions the prevalence is higher. Psychopathy is a mental condition characterized by an inability to be emotional or to develop emotional relationships. It is usually characterized by acting on impulse, not feeling guilty, tendency […]

Assessment of a Client

Introduction Social work involves the understanding of people’s behavior and why they behave in a particular manner. This often involves the use of various theoretical frameworks to conceptualize cases. Hutchison (2008) also provides three dimensions of human behavior in his multidimensional model to aid in understanding people’s behavior. These include the biological, environmental, and spiritual […]

Case Study: Child aged 5-12

Introduction Learning forms part of a child’s growth and development. A child aged between five and twelve years old learns only from his or her surroundings unlike teens and adults who learn from their experiences too. The child’s surrounding is made up of parents, siblings, friends and caretakers, furniture, television, computers, radio, toys, reading materials, […]

Scaring Us Senseless

Nassim Nicholas Taleb article, Scaring Us Senseless reflects how humans have failed to use relevant statistics to perceive danger. Instead, people react to emotions and perceptions, which lead to immediate overreacting and later under reacting. Shock and fading memory control these reactions. He acknowledges that people cannot respond rationally to instances of terrorism. Therefore, terrorism […]

Relationship between Sleep and Depression in Adolescence

Abstract Recent studies suggest a decreasing duration of sleep in different parts of the world. In fact, the number of sleep hours per person has increased since 1960s, with people concentrating on work and reducing the amount of time they spend sleeping. While this pattern has improved household and national economies, it has been associated […]

Schizophrenia: Description, Development and Treatment

Description of the Disorder Schizophrenia is a severe condition of mind that has symptoms such as poor contact with reality, peculiar behavior, unsystematic speech and thinking, low expression of emotions, and social withdrawal. Although victims of the disorder may not manifest all these symptoms, they have an indication of some of them. Schizophrenia means a […]

Bullying and Suicide: The Correlation between Bullying and Suicide

Suicidal ideas are often associated with adolescence as this group is vulnerable to a variety of issues. Notably, for the US adolescents, suicide is the “third leading cause of death” (Litwiller & Brausch, 2013, p. 675). One of these issues is bulling. Bullying is a common practice in schools as it has been estimated that […]

The Effect of Drug X on Self-Reports of Anxiety in a Sample of Undergraduate Psychology Majors

Introduction Anxiety forms part of an individual’s body mechanisms in which it communicates that something or an act is wrong and hence, there is need to undertake corrective measures (Aleksovski, 2009). This sign has been categorised as one of the essential human survival tactics as it ensures individual wellbeing. An anxious individual can describe the […]

The Order of Importance of the Five Senses from Most Important to Least

The knowledge that human beings need to understand the operations of the outside world depends on their modes of sensitivity. As such, the human sensory organs are categorized into vision, hearing, taste, touch and smell. The sense organs are made of specialized cellular configurations that accept specific stimuli. The senses are all critical in the […]

Chains of Cocaine

Introduction Cocaine is mainly a product of coca plant. Consumption of cocaine leads to stimulating the central nervous system. It is also said to be an appetite suppresser. Cocaine is addictive and is hard to break away from the addiction. Its illegality is a major chain. The greatest inducement is the mere believe that cocaine […]

Loss of the Loved Ones. Counselors Approaches

One of the main challenges, faced by counselors, is finding an appropriate approach to helping people, affected by the loss of their loved ones, to cope with the sensation of an overwhelming grief. Therefore, there is nothing surprising about that fact that, as time goes on, we witness the emergence of more and more qualitatively […]

The Facts about Alcoholism

The Selective Addictive Nature of Alcohol Alcoholism has been misunderstood by people as a moral or emotional weakness. It is believed that people succumb to alcoholism because they have psychological and emotional problems that they want to escape from or relieve. People believe that alcoholism is caused by all kinds of social problems such as […]

Understanding the Cultural Differences of Psychological Disorders

Although the overall classification of psychological disorders appear to be universalistic in nature and scope, there exists compelling evidence to the effect that an individual’s cultural background colors every facade of illness experience, from linguistic construction and content of delusions to the distinctive meaning of expressed emotion. It, therefore, becomes critical for caregivers and other […]

Concepts and Categories Recognizing Faces

Face Recognition, Identification, & Classification People recognize faces after they have analyzed features that are associated with that face. In this case, a person’s facial features will be analyzed by looking at the relationship between known features. It should be known that for an individual to recognize specific objects there is need for proper information. […]

Advantages of Brain-Compatible Learning Environments

Introduction Over the recent past, there has been various issues or problems associated with the learning process in a classroom setting. Students tend to be distracted by a variety of issues and since learning requires maximum concentration, they end up performing poorly. This has therefore necessitated a need for coming up with some strategies aimed […]

Attitude Alignment

Attitudes change over a given period of time. The process of attitude change is dependent on variables that exist in the daily lives of people and related to the process of socialization as well. Human nature is social, and therefore, the process of change of attitude is highly influenced by this factor as it is […]

Explanation of Nuremberg Defense

Nuremberg Defense Murdough (2010) explains that the Nuremberg Defense is a means by which individuals pass on the culpability (i.e. the responsibility) of a particular act to their superiors under the concept of them merely “following orders” (Murdough, 2010). This particular terminology developed as a direct result of the Nazi war crimes trials that were […]

A Critical Examination of the Link between Nicotine Dependence and Schizophrenia

Introduction Schizophrenia is as a severe mental illness that is estimated to occur in about 1% of the population (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Schizophrenia is considered a heterogeneous illness because its symptoms, level of impairment and course of illness manifest themselves in different forms. Primarily, schizophrenia impairs neurocognitive functioning resulting in problems of perception, interpretation, […]

Review: “Interventions studies on forgiveness: A meta-analysis” by Baskin, T. & Enright, R.

Summary The article explores various aspects of forgiveness on the victims of unfair or inconsiderate acts. The article discloses that forgiveness is vital for the psychological well-being. Once a victim deals with the resentment, he/she can progress on in life. However, most victims are unwilling to open up and forgive. As such, they project their […]

Summary: “Virtual Meeting Analyzer: A web application to visualize and analyze social networks emerging in group meetings” by Privitera, A., Martino, F. & Gamberini, L.

This article details the aspects of a Virtual Meeting Analyzer. This is an upcoming web application that can be used to analyze the dynamics of a social meeting. According to the article, evaluating the social networks that result from meetings could help in improving communication in social meetings. However, the article notes that there are […]

Anger Management Educational Model

Abstract The paper below will  explore various health promotion approaches and strategies in the pursuit of high quality mental health care delivery for the participants. In the first chapter, the problem, purpose of study and the research questions will be highlighted. It will be indicated that unresolved anger can cause several body disorders, such as […]

Analysis of White Oleander Movie

Synopsis of the Movie The movie features a twelve-year-old girl living in Los Angeles, California. The girl’s name is Astrid Magnussen while her mother is Ingrid Magnussen. The girl hails from a single family since her father has never shown up since her birth. The girl seems to have a trouble life since she rarely […]

Testing a New Technique for Encouraging Positive Behavior: When Students Get out of Hand

There is hardly anything just as complicated as promoting positive behavior among students. Creating their own mini-society in which they set their own rules and choose their own leader, students rarely take school rules seriously. Mostly because teachers almost never consider understanding the students’ motivation for such behavior as an option, a number of conflicts […]

Value Psychological Testing

A comparison and contrast of psychological tests In the fields of research and psychology, it is important that cases be measured in precision. Psychological testing therefore comes in handy, whereby valid results are arrived at after correct administration of treatments. It is after psychological testing that researchers understand the behavior and character of an individual. […]

Under the Influence of Alcohol

Introduction Alcoholism is one of the most misunderstood elements of human behavior, with different professionals having different views towards the subject. Each of the core aspects regarding alcoholism has been distorted by the underlying myth and misconception (Milam 2). This in itself is a constraint of helping in the combating of alcoholism as a form […]

Gambling Addiction

Introduction Gambling is one of the most serious disorders that affect the gambler as well as his/her family and friends. Gambling is not a new problem as it dates back to 5000 B.C. and it is even mentioned in the Bible (Koié et al., 2009). It was regarded as a sin a hundred years ago, […]

History of Psychological Assessment: Wundt’s Laboratory

Introduction In earlier periods before the establishment of the Wundt’s laboratory, psychology was not entrenched in the discipline of sciences. Theories of philosophers such as Plato, Hobbes, and Kant were dominant in explaining the behaviors of human beings; unfortunately, these theories did not offer experimental mechanism to study psychology like any other discipline in science. […]

Biopsychosocial Spiritual Assessment

Introduction Biopsychosocial spiritual approach in social work is used to study the effects of biological, psychological, social and physical factors on the human behaviour (Green, 2002). These dimensions play a critical role in the determination of the behaviour of an individual. The life of an individual is surrounded by many dimensions, each of which has […]

Work’s Satisfaction and Psychology

Work is one of the main activities of human life. It is essential to consider the work as something interesting and satisfactory as people spend most of their time at work. I know a lot of different people who work just to earn money and this work dose not bring much satisfaction to them. This […]

“Breaking the Chains of Cocaine: Black Male Addiction and Recovery” Book

Introduction The book “Breaking the Chains of Cocaine: Black Male Addiction and Recovery” provides well researched insights into the problem of cocaine addiction among African American men, and offer a multiplicity of tenable alternatives that could be used to bring this population of drug addicts into the public health system. The author notes with deep […]

Explanation of Coaching Style

Introduction My coaching style mirrors the transformational approach, but I am yet to work on some imperfections that minimize my potential. These flaws revolve around all three phases of transformational coaching. Analysis A transformational coach ought to undergo three phases; that is, foundation, learning loop and forwarding-the-action. My problem areas lie in all three sections. […]

Multicultural Training of Counselors Increases Competency

Abstract Since the competency of counselors depends on the nature of training that they have received, this study hypothesizes that multicultural training increases professional competence of counselors. Thus, the study investigates the impact of multicultural training on professional competence of counselors. Multicultural training enables counselors to work in diverse populations with different needs. In the […]

Relationship between Mood and Opinion

Abstract A person’s immediate mood may affect their opinion of a movie soon after watching it. A person can be in various moods. This translates into a myriad of opinions of a movie if many people are considered. In this proposed study, 200 employees of a particular organization will take place in a study in […]

Future Challenges to the Field of Professional Psychology

Professional psychology has undergone significant challenges that should be taken into consideration to face those efficiently. These challenges are primarily predetermined by such processes as globalization and technological advancement. Within the context of globalization, shift from a mental health professional to a primary health care provider is necessary to pay more attention to cultural and […]

Police Suicide and Preventive Programs

On Christmas Eve 2010, my phone rang at 10:45 PM. The voice on the other end was the peer-officer support coordinator for a nearby police department. One of their police officers had not shown up for work that evening. For sometime, he had been involved in disciplinary action on the job and others were aware […]

Psychological Disorder: Depression

Depression as a type of the psychological disorder is often characteristic for people who suffer from definite difficulties in their life and have to act in stressful situations regularly. From this point, the situation of caring for the loved person who suffers from Alzheimer’s disease can be discussed as a stressful one, and it can […]

Therapists Vicarious Trauma

Introduction Literature concerning professionals working with traumatized clients or patients is enormous. The interaction between the professional and clients takes place on daily basis where the professional may be affected by the client’s problem through exposure to the problem. Vicarious traumatization (VT) was first identified in early 1990s through an extensive research done by McCann […]

Depression and Workplace Violence

Abstract Workplace violence is a growing social problem that has many negative consequences. The workplace can provide an atmosphere of both physical violence and verbal aggression. A perceived violence climate can be reduced if the management exercises control and provides ways to eliminate violence and verbal aggression. This can be done with the institution of […]

Value of Assessment and Testing Instruction

Correct psychological assessment and testing is the first step towards a successful psychological intervention. Although existing psychological assessment and testing methods and instruments are found to be helpful, there is always question about possible bias when applied in minority populations. There is possibility of individuals from minority cultural and ethnic groups being assessed inappropriately because […]

Difficulties That Children Face and the Possible Solutions to the Emerging Problems Post Divorce

The Children of Divorce: the Current Situation The Statistic Data on the Children of Divorce Because of the difficulties that the children of the modern society are experiencing in the family relationships, most of these children, according to the recent researches, are bound to suffer from the complexes that root from the past during the […]

Ethical Issues Unique to Group Therapy

Introduction Psychiatric therapy refers to a form of treatment whereby a therapist (an expert who deals with mental and emotional disorders) holds session(s) with a single patient or a group with the same problem(s) in a bid to help them overcome such stresses. Group therapy on the other hand refers to a situation whereby a […]

Does Evolution Explain Why Men Rape

One of the major social problems facing the contemporary society is the increasing incidences of rape cases; an estimated more than quarter of a million individuals fall victim of rape, attempted rape or sexual assault each year with the majority of the victims being females (Brownmiller, 1975). This is followed by detrimental psychological consequences, physical […]

Review of Research Studies on Cultural Bias in Psychology

The population of minority cultural and ethnic groups in United States has increasing in the last few decades. It is therefore common for a psychological therapist to encounter a client from a different cultural and ethnic background. In such encounters, there is possibility for cultural bias that can affect effectiveness of the psychological intervention. Many […]

Should Abstinence Be the Goal for Treating People with Alcohol Problems?

Many psychologists argue that abstinence should be the ultimate goal for the treatment of people who are addicted to alcohol. It seems to be the safest and most cost effective way of dealing with the problem of alcohol addiction. A lot of money is used in buying alcohol, a substance that not only affects the […]

Case Conceptualization of Tricia Davis

Abstract Psychological counseling has become an important way of ensuring people manage their personal and family problems. This paper presents a case of Tricia Davis and explains how the Psychoanalytic Theory can be used to counsel her and ensure she manages her challenges. In addition, it examines the interventions described by the theory and how […]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans

Introduction The DSM-IV-TR defines a PTSD patient as an individual who has either witnessed or experienced a significant event(s) or trauma, serious injury, either to oneself or others, or one who has been faced with threatening near- death experience. The anxiety reaction of an individual with PTSD to trauma is different from the normal anxiety […]

Cultural Bias in Counseling Practices

Overview Relationship between culture and counseling has attracted attention from many researchers in the recent years. Realization of importance of cultural competence in counseling has led to the concept of multicultural counseling. Though emphasis on cultural competence has improved counseling practices, there is still fundamental cultural bias in various treatment practices used today. Among other […]

Predictors of Adolescent Drug and Alcohol Use

Drug and alcohol use among adolescents in the United States tends to increase, and the lack of monitoring the adolescents’ behaviors by parents and teachers can lead to developing this tendency in the future. Much attention should be paid to identifying predicting factors in order to avoid impacts on adolescents’ well-being, health, academic performance, and […]

Interracial Marriages

Introduction Interracial marriages occur when people from different races marry. Such exogamous marriages result in interracial couples. Such couples bear children who are characterized by mixed races. In America, the High Court legalized interracial marriages in 1967 when crossbreeding rulings were adopted. Interracial laws were quickly adopted by most of the states in the US. […]

Dexter Morgan’s Disorders

Dexter Morgan Dexter Morgan is a fictional character that appears in five novels, a television show and an animated short. Jeff Lindsay created Dexter’s character. His name reflects his dexterity and his ability to use both hands effectively. Michael C. Hall plays the role of Dexter in the television crime series. When Dexter was a […]

Computer Adaptive Testing

Introduction The growing use of computer technology has increased an interest in adaptive testing when it comes to tutoring and testing systems. Computer adaptive testing (CAT) is a form of educational measurement that has been designed to adapt the examination of proficiency in testing activities. It is a computer based test that adapts to the […]

Psychologists Prescribing Drugs Issue

Despite efforts by some psychologists to be given permission to prescribe drugs to their patients, most of them are still opposed to this idea. The controversy results from growing consensus among medical specialists that a good number of mental problems are treatable with appropriate medication. Thus psychologists see a number of patients who are in […]

Responding to Legal and Ethical Issues

Introduction The American Counseling Association (ACA) Code of Ethics suggests that counselors must undertake a “cautiously deliberated ethical decision-making procedures” (p. 4) when they experience complex ethical dilemmas. The ethical standard further requires that counselors must be able to identify and apply all valid ethical decision-making models. The ACA code is the only standard, among […]

Getting a Teenager to Clean His/Her Room

It is possible to analyze behavior of a particular teenager. Let it be Jimmy who is 13. In the first place, it is necessary to note that such things as cleaning the room or completing, at least, some tasks can be effectively taught at an earlier age. The target behavior is cleaning his room every […]

The Perspectives of Learning

Introduction This paper compares the perspectives on learning offered by Barry J. Zimmerman, Etienne Wenger and Yrjo Engeström. The research paper analyzes three dissimilar styles of regular learning system and dissimilar theories of accepting them. Three researchers explain the connection among social learning approach, self-efficacy of personnel and expansive learning at the workplace. It also […]

Music and Neuroscience

The study of how music affects the memory, motivation, and confidence has been the theme of interest for many researchers in this field. The interrelation of music to the mental and physical health of individuals has been the subject of debate aimed at improving scientific research. Many studies by Cardena (2011, p. 143) have maintained […]

Psychosocial Smoking Rehabilitation

Introduction Smoking is among the most common habits globally. It is supposedly a way of unwinding and relaxing among smokers after a stressful event or a hard day’s work. Despite the assertion, a variety of diseases have been attributed to smoking particularly for long-term smokers. Smoking is a substantial risk factor for a variety of […]

Schwarzkopf’ Leadership Style and Success as a Military General

The following discussion talks about Schwarzkopf’s autobiographical book. The book was a bestseller that sold hundreds of thousands of copies. It is from Bantam Books, a publishing company based in New York. It was published in October 1993, a few years after Schwarzkopf’s successful handling of Operation Dessert Storm. It was the military operation that […]

Eliminating Stigmatization in Mental Health Diagnoses

Stigmatization towards individuals with mental health disorder results in different kinds of exclusion and discrimination in the social spheres or the place of work. The following are some ways of eliminating such stigma. Seeking Treatment Though people with mental health disorder could be hesitant to disclose their requirement for treatment, they should not allow the […]

Diagnosis and the Level of Traumatic Brain Injury

The subject of the case study under consideration is a 17-year-old Latina girl, Mary S, who is delivered to a hospital unconscious with a head bleeding freely as a result of an unsuccessful pool jump from the second floor. She is given PET scans that help to define a number of injuries and the necessity […]

Autism and its Effects on Social Interaction

Summary of the Article The article “Social Impairment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder” identifies the major challenges facing many people with autism. The authors wanted to examine the social problems and difficulties encountered by individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The level of “social impairment for individuals with ASD varies significantly from one person […]

Healing Depression

Introduction Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the current society. There are numerous factors that may lead to depressive disorders. It can be social, economic, physiological, or any other issue that may be traumatizing. According to Kaslow and Patterson (2006), the problem is that many people always ignore depression during the […]

Marci: Analysis of a Counseling Situation

Introduction Drug addiction is one of the major issues that a number of American teenagers and young adults have to deal with. Though the problem is quite complicated on its own, it is often reinforced by the family members, who undertake wrong and, therefore, futile attempts to prevent the drug addict from taking illegal substances. […]

Different Examples of Oppression

The word oppression comes from the Latin opprimere which means “pressed down.” It depicts abuse of power by people in authority. It means ill-treatment of people in a manner that is cruel or unjust. There are different forms of oppression. However, social, economic and political forms are more popular and dominant (Deutsch, 2006). Globally, oppression […]

Special Interest Disability and Personal Interview

Introduction Early diagnosis of chronic diseases is important in the prevention of disability. Health care professionals should try as much as they can to identify a disease early and start treatment before disability sets in. Besides, disability affects the psychological, social, spiritual and economic life of a person. This paper presents a report of the […]

Interpretation of Dreams

Freud Sigmund argues that the main reason why people dream is to protect sleep. When people go to bed, the lights are put off, and curtains are drawn there is an indication that we are moving from reality to a world of fantasy (Freud, 1953). When people go to sleep, the mind shields them from […]


Introduction An intersubjective view is a perspective in which different parties agree about a certain issue. Narcissism has elicited a lot of interest and research from the psychodynamic school of thought. However, there is surprising agreement about the manifestations, origins, development and treatment of narcissism. One demonstrates intersubjective views on a subject by showing how […]

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Abstract The main aim of this paper is to investigate a number of factors associated with the diagnosis and treatment of dissociative identity disorder (DID). The epidemiological aspects, such as the socio-cultural factors and risk factors, are also discussed in this paper. What is more, the paper makes a number of suggestions regarding the best […]

Desires in Human Mating

Of all the issues which remain just as important for the modern world as they used to be centuries ago, the mechanisms of human mating remains by far the most mysterious. No matter how many theories have been developed to explain the numerous ways in which people are attracted to the opposite sex, the main […]

Definitions of Intelligence in Psychology

Definitions of Intelligence Intelligence is an aspect that has been known for quite some time now. However, there has been no consensus on the definition of the concept. This has seen various scholars come up with different definitions regarding the concept of intelligence. It can be noted that tracing the origin of the aspect of […]

Counseling an Addict

Introduction Treatment of substance abuse is a complex process that involves research and proper knowledge of the subject or victim of drug abuse. Reflectively, the process is intrinsic of background research, establishing current dynamics, and designing the right treatment. Thus, this reflective treatise attempts to explicitly explore on the importance of examining family history in […]

How Sleep Deprivation Affects College Students’ Academic Performance

Abstract Sleep deprivation is a big issue in many students who desire to achieve positive results in their studies. Many experts have associated poor sleeping habits in students with decreased functioning of the brain. The quality of sleep that students have determines their level of performance at college. The students deprive themselves of sleep to […]

The Genetics of Alcohol Dependence

Introduction Though alcohol consumers are aware of the dangers associated with alcoholism, many embrace alcohol as a tolerable agent for reducing anxiety, simplifying social communication, and instigating congenial feelings. The conflicting perceptions about alcohol have instigated a relentless debate about whether individuals with weaknesses in consuming this dangerous but acceptable beverage can use it in […]

Ethical Dilemmas in The Case of Wilma

Identifying the Problem A code of ethics is very important in the professional lives of people in different professions. However, a code of ethics cannot replace human minds that have the ability to question, judge, experience emotions, and even act depending on different situations. Ethical codes cannot replace the struggles that people in helping professions […]

Analysis of Simple Stimulus Learning

Introduction Learning is a lifetime process that takes place throughout the lifetime of a person. It happens from birth and a person begins to learn different things that constitute his/her environment (Terry, 2009). Stimulus learning can therefore be defined as the permanent change in a behavior of an individual after undergoing certain experiences (Terry, 2009). […]

Mental Health Counselor: Ethics and Professionalism

The ACA Code of Ethics assists in client growth and development by encouraging healthy and secure relationship between counselors and clients. In line with group therapy, counselors must strive to understand the different cultural backgrounds of the clients and learn how to integrate clients having the same needs and goals that are compatible to those […]

Exploring Reliability and Validity

Types of reliability and validity used in the “Values and Motives Manual” One type of testing reliability used in the article is the inter-rater reliability. The researchers have used the inter-rater reliability in the literature review (Values and Motives Manual, n.d.). Inter-rater reliability integrates the agreement between different judges (Phelan & Wren, 2006). The researchers […]

Substance Abuse Assessment and Intervention Plan

Studies show that people misuse drugs because of a number of reasons that are yet to be identified, but the costs paid are very high. This implies that the outcomes of drug abuse are critical to the society. It is identified that drug abuse is dangerous to an individual’s life, particularly in terms of behaviour […]

Psychology Issues: Say Not to Psychiatry

Say Not to Psychiatry focuses on detrimental effects of psychiatric treatment to both individual and society. However, the article discusses the issue from an unusual, unpredicted angle, heavily criticizing all current methods and approaches to treating mentally impaired people (Say No to Psychiatry: Site Index, 2007). In fact, such a criticism is not sufficiently grounded […]

Ethics in Group Counseling

Abstract Ethical issues are at the heart of the counseling process and practice. This paper discusses the issue of ethics with close consideration of professional practice of counseling and therapy. The paper narrows down to the complexity of ethical issues that counselors face in group settings in comparison to individual therapy. It further discusses the […]

Addressing Aggression in Children

The reasons for Carla’s aggression towards her peers and a fast and efficient strategy developed to address Carla’s issues were learned quickly. This can be considered the greatest and the most important achievements of the therapy. The use of the MOAS was clearly crucial to the research results. The test allowed for assessing the scale […]

Predicting Premature Termination from Counseling Using the Butcher Treatment Planning Inventory

This article explores ways of predicting premature counseling termination using scales from BTPI (Butcher Treatment Planning Inventory). The article is jointly authored by two practicing counselors and a university professor. According to the article, managed mental-health care has brought about sweeping changes to mental health assessment modalities. Managed mental-health care (MMHC) mostly affects institutions such […]