Development Essay Examples and Topics

Teen Pregnancy Causes and Consequences

The United States of America has maximum number cases of teen pregnancy. Considering the fact that instances of teen pregnancy are on the rise, the issue has become of great concern. The rate of teen pregnancy increased due to teens’ complacency but as of late, due to awareness about the involved risks, people have started […]

Erik Erikson’ Views on Self-Identity Development

Bereavement causes a profound effect on the development of the adolescent. During this stage of development, the main task the young adult has is developing self-identity. However, the parents and guardians, who should guide them through this stage, are also busy grieving. Their peers are not best suited to help them overcome this type of […]

Measurement Issues Associated With Conditional Reasoning Tests: Indirect Measurement and Test Faking

The purpose of the study This is a comprehensive study of the psychical attributes of behavior in organizations. The study aims at exploring a new methodology that has been developed to aid in analyzing and assessing the hidden motives behind behavioral patterns of organizational employees. According to the authors of the article, Conditional Reasoning Tests […]

Spatial Ability Studies on Men and Women

Introduction Gathering hypothesis is an evolutionary term that gives details on how people have changed gradually over generations. Tools in earlier times were primarily used for digging and harvesting crops and not for hunting. Later, people acquired complex tools, which they used to hunt, remove skin, and cut things. According to Mcburney et al. (1997), […]

Is There a Particular Attachment Style Linked With Conduct Disordered Children

Introduction Unsecure attachment disorders are complications that affect holistic development of children in various settings. The complications are currently affecting many children including adults due to poor parental care. This is evident since they have been causing severe mood and behavioral problems to various individuals. The problems threaten to jeopardize social and cultural integration among […]

Sexuality with the Disability

Introduction Disabled people have different needs from the rest of the people in the society. Both their habitual and educational needs are changing from what is conventionally known regarding the daily living culture such as the way in which people are dressed and groomed. This is also true when it comes to the vocational and […]

Sexualization of Adolescent Girls

The article written by Jennifer Curry and Laura Choate (2010) is aimed at discussing the oversexualization of adolescent girls. In particular, these authors argue that continuous exposure to sexualized images or stereotypes can harm the development of these girls. For example, they can assess themselves only in term of their attractiveness, beauty or ability to […]

Normative Sexuality in Children

Normative sexuality is a terminology that is often employed to mean the normal sexual orientation of an individual implying that sexual and marital relations are to be endorsed if they only take place between a female partner and a male partner. Any other relationship that goes against this relationship is considered abnormal. Various scholars and […]

Personality Characteristics Paper

Introduction Personality characteristics refer to “human traits that are used to describe the character of individuals”. Individuals tend to have unique personal attributes that are used to distinguish them from others. The factors that influence the development of personality characteristics include early development, family or social life experiences and educational background. This paper focuses on […]

Evaluation of Ethical Responsibilities as Psychologists

This paper attempts to highlight some issues that any psychologist may encounter during his or her practice. Besides, the paper seeks to highlight ethical aspects that psychologists must consider while dealing with clients and the community. There is also a description of other ethical aspects of psychologists such as values, diversity issues, confidentiality, research, multiple […]

The Psychology of Personality

Introduction This case study outlines the process of counselling, which composed of six sessions that my client underwent. The case study I have chosen has great significance to my life and career due to several reasons. Firstly, it was my first experience dealing with a client during my first year of training as a counsellor. […]

Learning and Behavior

Introduction Learning is a continuous process and has proven to be an important aspect in the lives of human beings. By definition, Akers loosely describes learning as the process through which human beings gain knowledge, skills and expertise that can be applied in day-to-day endeavors (32). Considering the importance of learning, theorists have over the […]

General Mental Ability in the World of Work

Introduction The research study evolves from the idea of General Mental Ability (GMA) resurgence in the field of modern psychology. The conception, which was first described by Spearman in 1904, integrated some individual features that could measure intellectual performance. It was initially suggested that the GMA mechanism stems from genetic features. Therefore, the primary objective […]

“Margin: Restoring Emotional, Physical, Financial, and Time Reserves to Overloaded Lives” by Richard Swenson

Summary of the Book’s Themes, Concepts, and Principles The book “Margin: Restoring Emotional, Physical, Financial, and Time Reserves to Overloaded Lives” by Richard Swenson offers meaningful ideas that can transform the lives of many people. The main theme of this text is that many people lack a margin in their lives. The absence of this […]

Definition of Developmental Psychology

Nowadays, the issue and main principles of developmental psychology become more and more popular and obtain greater significance. Great number of different theories connected with its main issues can serve as the best evidence of this statement. However, to investigate this issue it is necessary to give clear definition of developmental psychology and its main […]

Understanding Developmental Psychology

Introduction With the increasing social, environmental and economic complexity in the world, there is need to understand developmental psychology. This paper recaps the highlights of the proposed research study. By bringing out the application and benefits of psychology, this paper argues that developmental psychology need to be addressed in various developmental programs. It begins by […]

Temperament and Social Development

Introduction The literature review is accurately represented by the research paper. It has explored various theories and presented hypotheses to explain how children react to victimisation. First, it assumes that temperament and sex determine the contribution of peer victimisation to a child’s aggression and depressive symptoms (Sugimura and Rudolph 2012). This assumption helps to develop […]

Personality Assessment Instruments

The Myer Briggs personality assessment test, the Rorschach test and self-books are all instruments of personality assessment. The Myer Briggs personality assessment criterion is largely a psychometric questionnaire that evaluates the views of different people with regards to their perception of the world and the decisions they make in day to day life. This indicator […]

Performance Evaluation Procedures and Tools

Introduction This paper aims to describe and evaluate performance appraisal techniques, used in the United States Army. We are grateful to Lieutenant John Carlyn who agreed to spend time on this interview and share his expertise with us. Furthermore, in this paper we are going to make recommendations which can improve performance procedures and tools […]

Importance of motivation

Introduction Psychologists’ view on origin of motivation The complexity of motivation due to unpredictability and fluctuation from one individual to another and at different times has led to various theories being postulated to explain its causes. However, these psychologists agree that in way or another motivation is influenced by both biological and external factors. Theories […]

Psychological Contract

A psychological contract refers to beliefs, expectations, values, and ideals shared between an employer and his or her employees (Dyck & Rule 2008). The contract, which exists in notional form, delineates the practicalities of the job including the duties and responsibilities of the job, worker-manager relationships, and the expectations of both the employer and employee […]

Cognitive, Psychosocial, Psychosexual and Moral Development

The basis of the human development theories Personality is what makes an individual unique. Personality as well as human development has been a major topic of interest to many people the world over. This has therefore led to the development of various theories by a good number of scholars interested in human development. So how […]

Personality and Validation

Introduction Personality is a complex construct in psychology because it has different variables that require diverse tests. Given that different tests can give varied outcomes of same variable, it is imperative that there is validation of both the tests and variables to establish their consistency and reliability in measuring certain constructs of personality. For decades, […]

Behavioral and social development issues in school kids

For a long period, the development of children has focused mainly on physical development while ignoring the behavioral and social development. However, in the 20th century, this has changed. People have given more attention to the cognitive, physical growth, and language usage. Theories of children’s development are essential since they give an insight that provides […]

The Procedure of Conducting the Convergent and Divergent Validation for the Construct Personality

Introduction According to a study by Cronban (2009) on children and adult personality, it shows that there exist quite several differences between the two types of people. The research studies that have been conducted on children, their trait differences, as well as their behaviors have been found not related to how such people behave in […]

Psychological Personality Assessment Instrument

Anderson (2004) studied female students at Cedarville University to determine the relationship between bulimia and personality type. Students who consented to participating were given Myer-Briggs type indicator and eating disorder inventory-2. This was meant to determine whether the MBTI personality characters of sensing and judging were interrelated with high bulimic tendencies on eating disorder-2 subscales. […]

Personal Action Research Plan

Introduction Motivation is defined as reasons that inspires behavior and is characterized by eagerness and decisiveness (Guay et al., 2010, p.711). Inherent motivation is exhibited by personal gratification, interest, or contentment, while extrinsic motivation is governed by corroborated contingencies. Motivation comprises of an assortment of closely related values, interest, beliefs, and conducts. Individual motivation varies […]

Ethical Standards and Codes

Ethical standards and codes are usually the principles that are advocated for in a particular setting or discipline and when they are adhered to, they act as instruments or tools for promoting good values, for instance trust, fairness and equality and general good conduct or behavior in the process of carrying out various duties and […]

Mark Zuckerberg

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg is an American co-finder, president and Chief Executive Officer of Facebook; a site for social network. Zuckerberg together with his classmates Chris Hughes, Dustin Moskovitz and Eduardo Saverin co-founded the social network while they were studying at Harvard University in 2004. The site became a success being used by people all over […]

Is Homosexuality a Psychological Condition?

Abstract There has been a longstanding debate as to whether homosexuality should be treated as a psychological condition or not, although most studies tend to support those who view homosexuality as a normal sexual orientation. This paper discusses whether homosexuality is a psychological condition or not and provides facts which prove that it is a […]

Child Psychology Development

Language and intelligence It is evident that the fundamental nature of human knowledge and the way it is acquired has been witnessed. The main tension lies when it comes to acquisition of words (language), theories and concepts. Such tensions develop precisely when researchers opt to pit one type of content or process onto the other. […]

Fisher’s Personal Transition Curve

Fig1: Fisher, John.The Process of Transition (Fisher’s Personal Transition Curve) This diagram illustrates a figure described as the transition curve (Fisher 1). I choose this diagram over other arts because it portrays the different phases that people undergo through when they meet considerable changes in their professional, communal, or personal lives. The above transition representation […]

Princess Cleves and her Psychical Statues

Introduction According to Snowden, Freud established various concepts to distinguish between the attributes and personal concepts that characterize individuals (Snowden 113). Essentially, this establishment has been reviewed and applied by a considerable number of individuals who have given credit to this renowned father of psychoanalysis. His arguments lay the basis of technical support for three […]

Self Help Skills for 4 Year Old

Child development takes a definite and predictable path whose aspects are common to all children (Springer, 2006). However, the pace of development varies from child to child. Each child develops at its own pace. This implies that all children acquire certain skills at certain ages in their growth and development path. In psychology, these skills […]

“Nature” Versus “Nurture”: Effects on Child Development

Introduction The nature versus nurture controversy can be perceived as the roles played by heredity or inheritance as well as the environment in the development of human beings. The behavior of human beings is thus attributed to genetic predisposition, a phenomenon commonly referred to as the nature theory of human behavior (Keltner, James, Darling, Findley […]

Pornography: The Architect of Sexual Offenders

Abstract The infiltration of pornographic materials in the society has increased the number of sexual offences due to their perverted influence. Many people consume pornography in order to get the sexual gratification that they crave for. The psychological impact of pornography can not be ignored if the fight against sexual violence is to be won […]

Growth and Development of Children

The bodies of children change in their measurable characteristics during the period of infancy, early childhood, and adolescence significantly. Moreover, children can develop their abilities and skills and achieve different results while growing. Thus, it is necessary to concentrate on different concepts of growth and development in order to examine all the possible changes associated […]

Trust versus mistrust

Introduction Erik Erikson’s model of psychosocial development is one of the approaches that are supposed to describe a person’s behavior across the lifespan. This model includes several important concepts that can be used for explaining the way in which an individual’s identity is shaped. In particular, one can speak about the stage, when a child […]

Infant Competence in The Piaget’s Stage Theory

Introduction In psychology, acquisition of knowledge is a crucial pillar of human life. Psychologists are concerned in determining the stages of its development. They, also, focus on flexibility of human mind and the ability of acquiring knowledge. Various psychologists and researchers have developed theories that express diverse understanding. Particularly, the cognitive competence of infants raises […]

Children gender and toys

Abstract If one walks in a home and finds children, one is able to tell whether these kids are boys or girls by quickly having a glimpse at the playroom. If one comes across baseballs, trucks, planes and trains, automatically there are boys. If the room is full of dolls, animals and is of colors […]

Barbie Dolls: Positive and negative impacts on children

Introduction This paper describes the impacts that Barbie doll has on the children. Since its inception, Barbie doll has been the centre of criticism from different quarters. Reviews suggest that Barbie doll has both positive and negative impacts on children, especially young girls. While there are only a few positive impacts, the negative ones are […]

The Negative Effects of Video Games on Children

Introduction Video games are games in which people interact with electronic devices like computers and small handheld devices like mobile phones to create tactile and visual display. Tactile displays are important for blind people whereas visual display is understood by those who can see. With improvement in technology, video games are played in many countries […]

Different Behaviors in Children with Autism

Abstract Autism in children is characterized by behavioral problems associated with socializing and interacting with others. Autistic children experience problems with communication, behavioral and other interaction problems. Existing research findings are not conclusive on the role the environment plays in influencing the behavior of an autistic child. This study is aimed at comparing the behavioral […]

Influence of Heavy Metal Music on Adolescence (Behavior, Identity, Mood, Regulation, Psychology)

Studies on adolescence and teenage culture are confined to understanding of teenagers’ needs. Because adolescents have similar concerns and needs and create similar peer groups, music performs the same goals for all of the groups. Being a source of peer group identity, music contrasts either with working class street subculture or with conformist culture in […]

Children’s Personal and Social Development

Causes of Disturbed and Disturbing Behaviour in Children Within our culture, it is a belief that is commonly held that parents are accountable for the development of the disturbing as well as disturbed behaviours in their progenies. In fact, psychological research has actually stimulated this belief whereby from the historical perspective, children have been perceived […]

Effects of Video Games

Introduction The society has been immensely influenced by the technological changes, which are reshaping some of the activities. The emerging technologies in one way or another have affected every member of society, irrespective of age. Video Games have had the greatest influence on the lives of children. Children no longer appreciate the outdoor games as […]

Helicopter Parents

Introduction The concept of child development is quite crucial in the life of children and adults. During this process, children grasp ideas, emotions and attitude, which end up shaping their character as they advance into the youths’ stage and later into adulthood. It therefore follows that the company of these children matters a lot in […]

Development of ethnic identity during adolescence

Introduction Ethnic identity is an important aspect of life of an adolescent today. To be more specific, skin color is a crucial factor in terms of ethnic development of an adolescent and this paper will explore development patterns of young adolescent of different ethnicity in the American setting which include Americans of the following origins; […]

Child Thinking and Learning New Skills

Introduction It seems that the way in which children learn new skills is still a controversial issue in modern psychology. The question has been approached from two different angles. One view holds that development happens before learning and that once children reach a certain level of psychological and neurophysiological development they start to identify problems […]

Child and Adolescent Behavior: Becoming Attached

Robert Karen explores the formation of an infant’s attachment to a parent and discusses how this process can affect a child in the long term. Theoretical concepts examined by the author are largely based on the research conducted by Mary Ainsworth who studied children’s reactions to separations and reunions with their mothers. Following Ainsworth, the […]

Influences on Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescents

Adolescence is the development of a child from childhood to adulthood. Changes are noted as the child grows, such as sexual characteristics. Girls start to grow breasts, public and armpit hair, and menstrual periods; the full development is attained at the age of 18. Boys’ testicles and scrotum enlarges and the penis enlarges in size, […]

The Ecology of the Family

The article “The Ecology of the Family” discusses the development of a child in relation to its psychology and social orientation. Prior to the last two decades, the child’s development had always been put under scrutiny. The approach that societies and authorities have been using to analyze child development has been primarily focused on the […]

Effect of Criticism on Development of Appropriate Handwriting Proficiency in Children

Writing proficiency is a critical requirement in a child’s education because it determines academic success and communication in life. Writing proficiency is one of the problems that the education system has been facing because many high school graduates are unable to meet writing proficiency needed by colleges and potential employers. Writing proficiency consists of both […]

Developing Vocabularies in Disabled Children

How do cognitive factors affect language development in children with intellectual disabilities? Language development in young children who have intellectual disabilities is often delayed. This delay has time and again been attributed to cognitive disabilities. Such cognitive disabilities include Down syndrome, Williams syndrome, specific language impairments among other disabilities. Botting, Conti-Ramsden and Hick (2005) believe […]

Different Styles of Child Rearing Across the Globe

Introduction Although children have similar growth and development patterns, different parents across the world employ different parenting styles due to differences in cultural beliefs, values, and practices. Differences in cultural beliefs, values, and practices are responsible for cross-cultural differences in parenting styles that significantly influence how children grow and develop in various societal environments. Across […]

Parenting: Managing and Controlling Behavior of a Child

Parenting is an activity that involves various aspects. One of the issues in parenting is managing child behavior. This paper analyzes what a parent should do to guarantee proper growth of a child. Introduction Managing or controlling behavior of a child is one big problem that parents face. Human behavior is not predictable neither is […]

Children’s Implicit and Explicit Ethnic Group

Introduction Implicit attitudes in children develop according to their surroundings. These surroundings range from cultural processes, which the child undergoes, to the intergroup and child preferences as he or she grows up. Age is not an important determinant since when implicit association test (IAT) is administered; the same results are evident in both the adults […]

Evolution of Childhood

True, conventional historians and official biographers have been writing about children over the years. Yet, the content of most of their work is practically fictional, devoid of any useful information and only contains distorted facts of childhood in the periods that they recount. In Evolution of Childhood, Lloyd DeMause accuses most social historians, whose core […]

The Effects of Background Television on the Toy Play Behavior of Very Young Children

Introduction The research report investigates if the background television with adult content interrupts a child’s behavior during a play. The researchers review literature, conduct an experiment on children and obtain answers from questionnaires given to parents to obtain the information. The children are 1, 2, and 3 years old. The results reveal that children’s behavior […]

Marital intimacy skills

Introduction Marital matters are becoming eminent in most parts of the world due to increased rates of divorce. Marital issues also have a great impact on the social part of a community; the social problems that come as a result are not limited to children or the parents but they are common to everyone. The […]

Personality Characteristics

Introduction The study of personality is a complex field and many psychologists have taken different approaches to the study with an aim to understanding why people have different personalities. This paper seeks to shade more light on the issue of personalities. Definition of Personality Different psychologists differ in opinions in regard to the correct definition […]

Clown Program Development in Hospitals

Issues associated with the development of clowns Most of the children tend to shy away from the hospitals because of its frightening nature and experiences. The hospital presents a place away from home for the child with no familiar family members around. The environment is always strange with smell and noise and this creates some […]

Relationships in the Human Services Field

Human beings are social animals and creation of relationships among each other is a common practice. People of various status and responsibilities have various relationships in the society. It should be noted that in the human services field, worker client relationships are unavoidable. As Alexander and Charles (2009) state, social workers consider the relationship built […]

Introduction to Personality Paper

The concept of personality is one of the central topics in psychology and psychoanalysis. There are several scientific theories that characterize the process of the personality development. The understanding of this process is a crucial factor in the children upbringing and education of people. The aim of this essay is to define the concept of […]

Psychosocial Development: Life story

Abstract The paper focuses on the life of a boy whose father passes away when he is a baby, and who is now raised by less promising mother. It particularly focuses on the relevance of the theories put forward to explain the influence of various factors on the social and psychological development of a child […]

Stages of Personality Development

Introduction Personality refers to the characteristics of an individual that sets him/her apart from other individuals when subjected to varying circumstances. The development of personality is as a result of the interaction between an individual’s genetic composition and the surrounding. Personality development begins even before birth and is influenced by many external factors. Many theories […]

Body Image Blues

Introduction This paper is aimed finding the solutions to such a problem as body image blues. This term can be defined as the extreme dissatisfaction with ones physical appearance (Rodriguez, 2010, p. 9). In some cases, individuals can have a distorted perception of their body. To a great extent, this phenomenon can be explained by […]

The Different Approaches in the Study of Personality

Introduction The study of personality is an intriguing subject. I carried out a literature review of different journal articles to analyze what different scholars had to say on the topic. In the book Essentials of Psychology authored by Robert Feldman the different approaches of studying human personality are highlighted in the fourteenth chapter. He begins […]

The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People

Highly effective people have unique habits that make them to be different from others. One of the most notable habits of highly effective people is putting first things first (Covey, 2004). It is not necessary to do everything that comes your way for you to live an effective life. The people who struggle to do […]

Critically Discussion: Nature is Solely Responsible for Human Development

Human development is influenced in a great way by nature, but this is not to say that nature is solely responsible for human development. Although heredity as a natural factor has a significant influence on human development, the environmental factors which are categorized as nurture have some level of influence on the general development of […]

Psychological Aspects of Capital Punishment

Introduction Capital punishment is commonly associated with death penalty. Capital punishment is for inmates on death row. The psychological aspect associated with capital punishment is a subject of interest. According to many, the execution of capital punishment and especially to inmates on death row is one horrible event. Some inmates are psychologically tortured by the […]

Early Sexualisation and Media Influence

Parents have always been wary of the interaction between their children and the media. These suspicions are always founded on the fact that parents do their best to instill leadership qualities on their children. Today’s media seems to undermine this goal through blatant sexualisation of young adults. The effects of this sexualisation are more severe […]

Treating Psychosocially Based Sexual Dysfunction

There are various types of psychosocially-based sexual dysfunctions that people face. Some of these problems include premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, painful intercourse and lack of desire to engage in sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction is one psychosocially dysfunction that has affected men over the age of 40 year (American Psychological Association 2012, para. 2). It is […]

Features That Distinguish Female, Male and Unisex Toys

Nature determines a living organism’s gender through natural processes, such as trait selection, during fusion of the male and female gametes. Gender can be either female or male, whereas there are abnormal conditions such as hermaphrodites, which combine both traits. Gender enables all kinds of living organisms to build interrelationships, as well as creation of […]

Sexualization of Children

Introduction Bare midriffs, spaghetti strap tops, skinny jeans and short shorts all once belonged in the realm of teen/young adult clothing yet as of late there has been a growing trend wherein such clothing choices have now become common place among children aged 12 and below (Gill, 137-160). Such is the influence of modern day […]

Post Natal Development In Human Beings And The Factors That Influence Language And Cognitive Development

Summary Cognitive development in children has been related to good and appropriate nutrition in children. Postnatal development is a very important aspect in life. It is at the postnatal stage that most development in human beings takes place maximally. Many studies have justified the effects of nutrition in most of the development. The main organ […]

Evaluation and Critical Analysis of Sexual Selection by Charles Darwin

The essay Sexual Selection written by Charles Darwin is aimed at explaining the process sexual selection in various species and its relation to evolutionary forces. The author argues that certain physiological traits and behavior patterns of animals can be attributed to their “sexual struggle” and attempts to attract a partner (Darwin, 94). Darwin uses description […]

Child and Adolescent Development: Love, Hate, and Reparation

The introduction General knowledge When speaking about such issues as love, hate and reparation, one is to keep in mind that such emotional responses seem to be the most common ones. It should be pointed out that these emotional manifestations are born in mind and, thus, influence people’s behavior. However, the most important fact, which […]

The Concept of Learning and Its Crucial Tools

The concept of learning is extra-ordinarily fundamental in regard to knowledge acquisition process. Learning entails the process by which knowledge is acquired in all realms of its necessity and by the target individuals. The employment of essential training and impartation tools creates a rationale for enhancement of a learning ground. A variety of approaches are […]

Learning Process: Manipulation, Stimulation and Habituation

Introduction Stimulus is mainly intended to elicit a certain response. In learning, the simplest form of learning is associated with exposure to a single stimulus, more so when the stimulus is included as part of the learning process. In this case, this type of learning is known as stimulus learning. Stimulus learning is achieved when […]

Instrumental Conditioning

Introduction Instrumental conditioning is learning through consequences. Those behaviors that produce positive results are reinforced, while those behaviors that produce negative results are weakened (Gonzalez & Sawicka, 2003). An analysis of bicycle riding reveals that the learning process is psychologically affected by both reward and punishment. Learning and Teaching how to ride a Bicycle Learning […]

Concepts of Human Sexuality in Society

Introduction In her book, Bonk: the curious coupling of science and sex, Mary Roach joins other scholars and experts such as doctors and scientists in explaining human sexuality in a very interesting manner. The author begins by exploring the works of Alfred Kingsley who was well known in the 1940s and 1950s for his sociological […]

Human Psychology as a One of the Main Objects of Public and Professional Interest

Introduction Human psychology remains the main object of professional and public interest. Hundreds of books shed light on the most controversial aspects of human psychology. Saundra Ciccarelli and J. White White’s Psychology is no exception: the authors create a sophisticated but coherent picture of psychology and its implications for human development and growth. It goes […]

The Relationship between ‘Extraversion’ and ‘Need for Achievement’

A class survey of 170 BBA111 students on their extraversion and ‘need for achievement’ scores, a correlation analysis was conducted to try and establish the relationship of the two variables. It was identified that there was a statistically significant correlation of r = 0.39 between ‘extraversion’ and ‘need for achievement’. The correlation is not only […]

The “Nature” versus “Nurture” Debate and its implications to Personality Development

Francis Galton, a 13th century Frenchman, first coined the words “nature” and “nurture” in 1874 to argue his case about the overbearing influence of genetics and environmental surroundings on individual development and growth (McDevitt et al. 535). The debate has gained steam, and it is today discussed in high-level forums as researchers, psychologists and other […]

Human Sexuality as Presented in Kinsey

History of human sexuality have always been associated with the imposition of social taboo, moral biases and prejudices that prevent people to understand their biology, physiology, and psychology. Anti-propaganda of sexual relations, however, did not contribute positively to the discovery of some questions about human behavior patterns and about the main principles of biological and […]

Factors that Influence Personality

Introduction Personality has been associated with one’s behavior and characteristics and has not yet found a true definition of the word. However, it can be defined as a supreme realization of the natural habit of a living being (Eliasz, Hampson & de Raad, 2006). Personality determines whether one is energetic, happy, dull, smart or apathetic […]

Childhood Development and Sexual Behavior

In as much as every infant is naturally endowed with physical, cognitive, linguistic and social faculties at and even before birth, even so is it endowed with inherent sexual dispositions which of necessity are bound to develop as the infant grows to adulthood. It is crucial; therefore, that parents and caregivers should not turn a […]

Child behaviour development

Behaviour is an element of inborn traits and socialisation factors; at birth, an infant behaviour is influenced by hereditary factors from its parents. As the child grows, some behaviour are developed and reinforced by beliefs, culture, and societal norms practiced in the community the child lives. Reinforcements of behaviour can be positive or negative; when […]

Cognitive or Moral Development

When a child is born, the assumption is always that he doesn’t know anything about what goes on in his environment. It then puzzles us that when the mother intends breastfeed the child, even as young as one day old, he automatically ends up sucking the mother‘s breast and hence drinks the milk. This is […]

Discounting the Myth of the First Three Years

Introduction Today, more than ever before, most parents have accepted the notion that the first three years of a child’s life are critically important in determining whether or not the child will mature into an individual of high mental and cognitive abilities. Proponents of the ‘myth of the first three years’ argue that much of […]

Infantile sexuality

Thumb-sucking (sensual sucking) in children as a sexual expression Freud’s second presumption on sexuality provides exhaustive information on why human beings must consider sexuality during the upbringing stage. I have realized the essence of educating children about their sexuality during their tender years. This circumstance is possible when the child begins to attend school. It […]

Temperament in Child Development

Introduction The term temperament in psychology is used to refer to those facets of a person’s personality, for instance, extroversion and introversion, which are often deemed as intrinsic, rather than acquired from learning. There have been several classificatory schemes with regard to temperament but apparently, none has been approved in the field of academia. The […]

Child Development as a Continuous Process

Introduction Child development can be seen as a continuous process which constitutes distinct phases. The child continuous interaction with the immediate and wide environment influences his or her development, for instance, the transactional model postulates that “the development of a child is….a product of the continuous dynamic interactions between the child and the experience provided […]

Critical Thinking as the Most Effective Learned Skill

Critical thinking is a process that involves mental inquisition that is objective in nature as regards beliefs and analysis of facts. It is a process that involves evaluation, interpretation, inference and meta-cognition which requires reflective and systematic thinking about an issue (Scharfersman, 1991). It is therefore a well structured and controlled method of pursuit for […]

Concept of Observational Learning

Introduction Learning takes place in many forms particularly when a person is growing up. Learning mainly refers to the acquisition of experience that eventually leads to development of permanent change in the functioning and behavior of a group of learners. In view of the above, learning deals with the uptake of behaviors and skills combined […]

Early Childhood Observation

In order to conduct the investigation based on the known Piaget experiments, one child is chosen. For the purpose of confidentiality, the name of this child is changed to Jenny. She is a five-year-old girl, the elder one among her two brothers. There are only two people in this room: the girl herself, and me, […]

Is It True That One’s Birth Order Effects His/Her Personality?

Significance of the Chosen Topic for Social Scientific Analysis The main research question for the present social scientific analysis sounds as the following: Does the birth order of a child impact on child’s personality and behavior? At the outset, well known factors that cause or shape personality include the family. Hartshorne (2010) explicates that the […]

Sex Roles: Dating vs. Hooking Up

Gender roles are among the most controversial subjects of empirical research. The Sex Roles journal sheds light on the complexity of gender and sex roles and their implications for the quality of human interactions. That sex roles affect all individuals cannot be denied. Dating is no exception, but the benefits and costs associated with dating […]

Mate Selection: Sex Disparity between Both Genders

Abstract Evolutionary theory foreshadows the existence of a concrete sex disparity in mate choices. For instance, the men focus more on characteristics that indicate high fertility, while women focus on traits that point to financial prospect. The paper examines the basis of sex disparity between both genders. The paper further portrays males as more concerned […]