Psychological Principles Essay Examples and Topics

Video Modeling for Individuals with Autism

Problem Statement Autism is a spectrum disorder, and autistic children demonstrate problems in social behavior and interactions. Autistic children fail to build relations with the other people because they are unaware of the environment round them, and they experience emotional deficits (Charlop et al. 372). As a result, autistic children are usually not involved in […]

Adlerian Theory in the Group Counseling

Critique of the process As the chairperson of the group, I started the meeting with my co-facilitator by establishing the rules and informing members that everything to be discussed should be confidential. The topic of the discussion that was to be handled on that day was stress. My fellow facilitator engaged the other group members […]

Max Wertheimer and His Gestalt Theory

Introduction The Gestalt theory was pioneered by Max Wertheimer and it emphasizes on a higher-order mix of both the cognitive process and behaviorism. Gestalt theory was instituted in contrast with other psychological theories of the time including molecularism. Nevertheless, Gestalt psychology borrows elements of other pioneering psychologists and philosophers including Ernst Mach, Oswald Kulpe, and […]

Ontology, Free Will, Fate and Determinism

Introduction Philosophy is a very wide field dealing with human thinking and reasoning capabilities thereby providing the ultimate platform for making decisions and solving problems. It is a study involving general as well as fundamental problems like the ones closely associated with knowledge, mind as well as a language among many other aspects. In this […]

Construct Development, Scale Creation, and Process Analysis

Introduction Development of psychological tests necessitates coming up with a criteria that follows specific guidelines, namely, coming up with a sample, assessing the characteristics of the sample, developing instruments for testing, and evaluating the instruments using the validity and reliability criteria. This paper will focus on development of construct and creation of scale by consulting […]

Academic Achievement: An Examination

Introduction Psychologists have for a long time been interested in finding out the factors that affect that affect academic achievement as a child undergoes the various stages of development. Most researchers have pointed out to social support, classroom instruction, personal characteristics, and academic achievement, among others, as the main factors that heavily impact a child’s […]

Concerns of Being a Counselor

Introduction Counseling is a client-oriented practice that aims at solving patients’ problems or helping them live positively with the problems. For a beginner in this profession, several concerns may surface before a counselor gets the flow of things. While taking part in a self-inventory about the concerns of novices in counseling, I found it difficult […]

‘Guidelines for Resolving Conflict as a Counselor’

Awareness and understanding of how to deal with conflicts of responsibilities and other ethical concerns are of paramount importance for counseling practitioners, particularly in light of the fact that consensus value sets in the form of ethical standards guide and govern the professional behavior and actions of counselors, counseling psychologists, and other individuals in related […]

Facial Feedback Hypothesis

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that the facial expression depicted by people is related to the effective emotional response. This study involves two experiments designed as a correctional alternative to the earlier versions that were associated with ambiguities. The first experiment focuses on the efficiency of the procedures used […]

Evolutionary Psychology: Short-term Mating in Men

Buss came up with a theory that aimed at resolving a contextual-evolutionary problem, which is related to mating strategies among individuals. The study established that both men and women have evolved some psychological systems that characterize both short and long-term strategies. His study revealed that human beings tend to resolve short-term mating issues as opposed […]

North by Northwest is an Oedipal Wish Fulfillment Fantasy

Even though that during the course of recent decades, the conceptual soundness of the Psychoanalytical Theory by Sigmund Freud has been increasingly criticized, on account of its presumed ‘unscientificalness’, there can only be a few doubts that it continues to denote a high practical value. After all, even today it represents a thoroughly legitimate practice, […]

Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary psychology is a field of study, which explores the ways in which information and main beliefs from biology are applied in the understanding of the organization of the brain. However, it does not apply to the study of vision, reasoning, and the social action. It examines the psychosomatic features, which include the memory, perception, […]

Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew

Overview For the most part, the literature on cultural diversity tends to ignore the effects that religion has on psychotherapy and counseling. Judaism is an excellent example of a religion that ignores its effects on both psychotherapy and counseling. Orthodox Jews also serve as an excellent example of a minority group that fails to utilize […]

A Lecture on the Growth and Degeneration of Brain Cells

Introduction According to Kleiner (2005), the brain tissue is made up of glial cells and neurons. The former makes up 90 percent of the tissue. Neurons, which are also referred to as nerve cells, are responsible for the conduction of signals from the brain to the rest of the body. Glial cells, on the other […]

Psychoanalysis of Lacanian Theory and Practice

In psychoanalysis of Lacanian theory and practice, is evidence of symbolism, imagery and reality as the story develops. In fact, the story is primarily developed through these aspects of literature. However, all these have a close relationship and conciseness with other forms of psychoanalytic literature. The purpose of this analysis is to provide a critical […]

Genetics and Learning

Introduction Advanced research findings are major determinants that assist to discover the insights of how people learn. According to Mclnerney, there are various behavioural genes that form close links to learning procedures particularly dopamine, a chemical neurotransmitter associable with human behavioural responses such as reacting in accordance to pleasure or other procedures of learning (2008). […]

Aviation Psychology

Introduction Depending on the new adventures and past experiences, the mental issues that pilots and their support team face before, during, and after flights are numerous; nonetheless, such issues are mostly psychological. Generally, the aviation psychology concepts are defined based on the context of discussion. Aviation psychology studies the psychological behaviors of pilots and flight […]

The Future of Biopsychology

Introduction Biopsychology is a field of psychology that deals with the study of behavior and experiences in reference to genetics, evolution, and bodily processes, particularly the functioning of the nervous system. The biopsychology employs the biological rules and regulations to understand the functioning of the human brain. It is established that human behavior is influenced […]

‘Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling’ by Mark McMinn

Summary of the book The book Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling by Mark McMinn has been written with the sole purpose of guiding Christian counselors on how they can marry the aspect of psychology in their work with Christian teachings and values that they uphold. McMinn advises that Christian counselors should be up […]

Psychologically Codes of Conduct and Legislations

Introduction Psychology is defined as the scientific study of the human behavior. Moreover, the subject also focuses on the effects of human behavior in society. Other scholars view psychology as a branch of medicine that offers counseling services (Davis, Giordano & Licht, 2009). Professionals in the field are usually referred to as psychologists. From the […]

Forensic Psychology Guidelines for Criminal Justice

Introduction Forensic psychology is the incorporation of psychological techniques into the criminal justice process or system. It differs with forensic science in that forensic psychologists concentrate or focuses on the application of psychological perspectives to criminal justice system (Forensic psychology, n.d.). They often come across legal issues which includes competency, public policies, newly created laws […]

Influence Physical Environment on Human Psychology

Introduction Physical environment where people live and grow up is certainly one of the main sources of factors that affects directly or indirectly development of a person through various development stages (Richardson 2000). For instance, natural calamities such as Hurricane Katrina which occurred in New Orleans interrupts with peoples lifes in a manner that adversely […]

The Efficacy of Spirituality Group

The research is focused on the efficacy of the spirituality group in chemical dependency treatment program. It has already been proven that religion and spirituality have positive impact on human mental health (Moritz et al, 2006). Being more powerful tool in the relation to motivating people to give up chemical substances consumption, spirituality is considered […]

Multicultural Psychology: Acceptable and Unacceptable Behaviours

Introduction Multicultural psychology is the systematic approach to all kinds of humanities that occur in a multicultural environmental background. This means that people from different backgrounds encounter each other thereby creating an environmental setting that results in composite human behaviour. The multicultural aspect has been perceived by psychologists worldwide as the fourth force in the […]

Multicultural Competency in Psychology

Introduction There is a great diversity in the field of culture. Culture covers aspects like race, gender, language, values and beliefs and is developed from a combination of individual uniqueness and organizational or environment characteristics. Different people and communities have different cultural values and beliefs in regard to daily life. It is usually a hard […]

Clinical Psychologist’s Professional Issues

How does the research design and methodology affect a clinical psychologist’s professional work? Clinical psychologists use descriptive research designs to investigate the prevalence or incidence rates of particular problems in the population. This research design enables psychologists to understand the scope of a problem, but not why or when the problem occurs, or what causes […]

The Reiss-Epstein-Gursky Anxiety Sensitivity Index

The Reiss-Epstein-Gursky Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI-R) is the psychological assessment instrument which is used to measure such a variable as the anxiety sensitivity which can be explained as the fear of anxiety. Thus, the anxiety sensitivity is the fear of the anxiety-related factors which can lead to the negative and threatening physical, psychological, and social […]

Psychological Effects in Patients after Laser Vision Correction

Introduction The importance of vision is huge indeed for the vast majority of people: the way of how people can see influences considerably human skills, abilities, intentions, and behaviour. In case a person is not able to observe the world around, it is hard to define the main priorities and interests because having good vision […]

Fogg’s Behaviour Model and Behaviour Wizard

Searching for the most effective persuasive technologies causes the creation of new models and methods for assessing and promoting the target behaviour. Fogg is well known for his Behaviour Model and Behaviour Wizard, which present an innovative view on the nature of human actions and the persuasive methods for achieving the target response. Fogg (n.d.) […]

Classical Music Influence on Brain and Mood

Abstract Music is found in both traditional and modern societies. Its roles have not changed significantly amid changes in lifestyles and state of technology. Music serves to entertain, overcome certain emotions, express some emotions, and relax the mind. Through music, people can change their moods from sadness to happiness without realizing it. It has positive […]

Case Conceptualization of Narrative Therapy

Abstract Narrative therapy applies stories to assist clients in treatment courses. According to this therapy, people can infer different meanings from their experiences and use the same to address their prevailing conditions. Narrative therapy can be used to treat depression and handle a crisis. Narrative therapists utilize numerous methods to treat clients. The methods include […]


Introduction Intelligence defined as a general measure of mental ability. David Wechsler developed intelligence tests which are widely used.He also defined intelligent as the capability to persistently think reasonably and come up with ways of solving problems that exist in their surroundings. The term intelligence quotient is derived from German intelligenz- quotient. Alfred Binet a […]

Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Real?

Introduction Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral and psychiatric disorder that affects at least one in every 20 children in the western world (Pineda, Ardila, RosselliMet al, 1999). It is characterized by hyperactivity or impulsiveness, and in most cases, difficulties in paying attention. Since 1970s, there has been a debate over the existence of […]

Roles, Skills, and Characteristics of Counselors

Counselors are concerned with the need of shaping, guiding and influencing people to emotional stability, morality and personal success. Through their skills and knowledge, they steer people to understand behaviors that are ideal in improving healthy living (Davis, 2010). The case of ‘Rust belt’ city demonstrates the importance of counselors’ roles in shaping the society. […]

Effective Psychological Counselling

Introduction Effective counseling involves integration of many aspects in a specific way so as to solve a problem raised by the client. Different approaches are used in various situations as counseling involves diversification of ideas. Rapport must be established for counseling to be effective. Rapport increases degree of efficiency by ensuring that the counseling plan […]

The Concept of Creativity

Introduction Based on the work of Kirby Ferguson, it can be stated that the concept of creativity arises not out of nothingness; rather, it is the result of applying ordinary mental tools within the mind onto existing materials in order to produce new results (Vogel et al., 2011). In order to better understand such a […]

Professional Log: Counselling

One of the key conditions from Carl Rogers’s humanistic theory is congruence; the other two are unconditional positive regard and empathic understanding. Congruence is the act of being real or genuine, and it helps in making therapists more empathic towards their clients (Mearns & Thorne, 2007, p. 119). This involves the therapist coming down to […]

Long Term Memory

There are many factors that affect recall, which may have made recall better in the second trial of the study. Alongside the issue of categorization, pronunciation time and reading aloud may have made recall better. In this case, more time was taken in pronunciation, since students were given a chance to sort the items as […]

Progressive Discipline Process

Introduction Progressive discipline process is a guiding tool used in most organizations by the human resource to address disciplinary issues within the organization. Such issues include; employee absenteeism, work failures, lateness, insubordination, violation of countries policies and all others kind of misconduct. Objectives of Progressive discipline process Most importantly, the role of progressive discipline process […]

The Future of Professional Psychology Presentation

Introduction The future of professional psychology is clouded by challenges despite many efforts to reduce them. In particular, special social groups such as elderly and Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals and Transgender (LGBT) community pose a myriad of future challenges due to various factors. The Future of Professional Psychology At the outset, the number of people above […]

Ethical Standards and Codes Paper

Ethical standards are essential in psychology as they play a crucial role, both for the benefit of the client and the psychologist since they provide a basis for problem solving. The American Psychological Association is the standard for resolving ethical issues in psychology and makes provisions on how to solve conflicts that may arise between […]

Planning Psycho-educational Preliminary Tasks

Introduction A psycho-educational group therapy is one of the psychological interventions instituted for people having certain degrees of psychological crisis or people who are at a risk of the same in the future. It is commonly instituted for people undergoing tuition where their instructors feel that they are handling a psychosomatic predicament. According to Forsyth, […]

Emerging Issues: interaction between people of different backgrounds and culture

Introduction In the present world where globalization and technology have taken center stage, a smooth interaction between people of different backgrounds and culture is very critical. Over the years, the question of multiculturalism has continued to receive recognition and many people are now seeking alternative ways to ensure that people can live and work together […]

Suicide in the Military (US)

Introduction Suicide refers to “the act of intentionally, causing one’s own death”. Individuals often commit suicide out of despair. Despair can be caused by a number of reasons such as mental disorder, substance abuse and failed relationships. Suicide is ranked 13th among the leading causes of death in the world. In the United Sates of […]

Evolutionary Psychology

Assumptions of evolutionary psychology Evolutionary psychology originated from the Darwinian theory of natural selection. Darwin projected that psychology would later assume an evolutionary dimension through acquisition of different mental capabilities (Buss, 2005). This branch of psychology makes several assumptions in order to explain, diagnose, and treat mental or behavioural illness. First, it assumes that the […]

The philosophy of psychology

Introduction Over time philosophers have taken great interest in inquiring about the various scientific fields. For instance, they have taken interest in investigating the grounds on which certain scientific fields are established. The philosophers have thus made great inroads into investigating physics, biology and, psychology in great detail. But, philosophers have on the other hand […]

Psychology in Everyday life

Introduction When psychology is mentioned, the most common mental image that forms in the minds of many individuals is that of a profession that entails working in a clinic or hospital. This image describes the role of one particular type of a psychologist known as the clinical psychologist. There are many other types of psychologists […]

Special Places to Relax & Find Inspiration

Living under stress and tension has become the norm rather than the exemption for most people struggling to meet daily work demands and other family and personal responsibilities. Available knowledge demonstrates that although working is a critical component for our survival, relaxing and letting off steam is equally important as it promotes healthy lifestyles as […]

Spirituality and Psychotherapy

Introduction Spirituality refers to religious attitudes, experimental dimensions, existential well-being, mystical beliefs and other practices of religious inclination. This definition seems to be based on the physical phenomena as opposed to the metaphysical one. This is largely due to the use of scientific methods in trying to pursue the goal of the study. More often […]

Relationship between Money and Happiness

Introduction Does money buy happiness? If you ask anyone this question, the obvious answer will be yes. There is an intricate relationship between money and happiness, which confounds literal observation that money is happiness. Critical analysis of money-happiness relationship shows that socioeconomic factors determine the happiness of an individual; therefore, it is quite unsatisfactory to […]

Should Psychologists Abstain from Involvement in Coercive Interrogations?

The issues of whether psychologist should participate in coercive interrogations draw sharply divided opinions among investigators and even the public. Some believe that psychologists are an integral part of the interrogations since they can ensure that the prisoners or detainees are not handled with cruelty. However, other people believe that the psychologist participation has the […]

Prescribing of Medication by Psychologists: For and Against

Psychologists and psychiatrists are important professionals that the society depends on for several concerns. Whereas psychologists are concerned with offering psychological therapy to mentally disturbed persons, physicians offer both curative and social treatment for various diseases (Harding, 2002). The training underwent also differs considerably. Psychologists undergo a more theory-based training as opposed to a practical […]

If Every Person in the World Understood Basic Principles of Psychology, the World Would Be A Better Place

Introduction Psychology is a broad aspect that entails the study of the soul, mind and behavior of organisms especially in human beings. Psychology helps in describing an individual’s behavior and also explaining the reasons why he or she behaves in a specified manner. ‘‘Psychology studies the various activities of man, both bodily and mental that […]