Cognition and Perception Essay Examples and Topics

Altered State of Mind

Introduction The modern lifestyle has made the Americans to simply find a middle ground for adaptation as the modern inventions become complex each day. Although majority members of the society can be considered relatively normal, they have to live within an altered state of mind, which programs the mind to unconsciously slip, while protecting its […]

Swindler Bernie Madoff and His Persuasion Scheme

Bernie Madoff’s ability to fool many investors could be recorded as the greatest fraud of the century. The business mogul perfected the art of persuasion to defraud investors. However, business analysts argued that Madoff used the art of deception to swindle his clients. People who believed that Madoff’s scheme centered on Cialdini’s principles have countered […]

Therapy for Children and Young Patients with Anxiety Disorders

Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a practice that has been in existence since 1980s. This approach involves a specific effort to preserve the positive impacts of behavior therapy that have been proved with involvement of the cognitive activities that are exhibited by the individual receiving the treatment. The main aim of merging the two approaches is […]

Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is one of the most important skills required in making various decisions that pertain to business, management, relationships, and every other aspect of life. Many definitions have been ascribed to critical thinking by various scholars. Generally, critical thinking refers to the capacity to form thoughts clearly and logically. It encompasses the ability to […]

Evolution of Cognitive Psychology

Introduction Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology whereby scientists are motivated to study the underlying mechanisms of the higher mental processes in human beings. Therefore, to other disciplines, cognitive scientists are interested in understanding human perception, decision-making, attention, problem-solving, thinking, and the development of speech among other mental processes (Ruisel, 2010, p. 267). On […]

Antwone Fisher’s Problem from the Cognitive Behavioral Theory Perspective

Translating the life stories of real people into feature films is one of the most challenging tasks. However, when directed the right way, such movies can reveal a treasure trove of psychological insight. By basing the psychological twists of the movie on the principles of the Cognitive Behavioral Theory, the director and the cast managed […]

Comparison of Guided Search Model and Feature Integration Model of Visual Search

Abstract Scientific evidence supports the feature integration model. Experiments among patients with Balint’s syndrome, simulated experiments, and existence of the binding problem all testify to the relevance of attention in visual searches. However, this model has weaknesses, which the guided search model solves. The guided search model explains why certain conjunction searches may be fast […]

Intelligence and Leadership in “Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid” by Ray Hyman

Course Themes In chapter one of the book Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid, Ray Hyman investigates several issues that relate with the terms ‘smart’ and ‘stupid’. The text uses the two terms as direct opposites. The word ‘smart’ can be a synonym the notion of cleverness as used in psychology meaning that smartness […]

Social Cognition Aspects

Social cognition is an aspect in social psychology which explores the interaction of human beings amongst themselves and the environment. Social cognition involves encoding of information, storage by the brain, and retrieval when there is need. Several cognitive processes are involved in the encoding, storage, and retrieval of social information. The important aspects in the […]

Cognitive Behavioural Family Therapy with Anxiety Disordered Children

Introduction Anxiety refers to the natural emotion that individuals develop when they are under intimidation, risk, or when frustrated among others. In addition, anxiety may develop because of certain life challenges such as terminal ailments, demise of a loved one, or marital problems. Experiencing anxiety in such situations is natural and thus it should not […]

Emotional Research of Cognitive Bias

Cognitive biases are a group of biases faced when conducting an emotional research. Cognitive biases are any biases introduced by cognitive reasoning and emotion (Zambardino & Goodfellow 2007). Therefore, cognitive biases are errors in research introduced when information is processed through cognitive filters resulting in misinterpretation of what is real. There are two types of […]

Creativity and Intelligence

Creativity and intelligence originate from learning and memory which shows that they are interrelated factors that are indivisible from one another. The work of Nordvik, Schanke & Landro (2011) introduces readers to the concept of the interrelation between learning, memory, creativity and intelligence by suggesting that activities/actions that have been internalized by individuals through learning […]

Cognitive Behavioral Approach

Introduction Mental health is quite important in defining the mental well being of a person. This is due to the fact that the mind and behavior are interconnected. Poor coordination or disconnection between the two renders a person in a state of abnormality. In this context, reality implies what the society has conceived to be […]

Person-centered Approach vs. Cognitive-Behavioral Approach

Abstract The person-centered and cognitive-behavioral theories are common models in counseling and psychotherapy. The two approaches have different theoretical underpinnings and thus, have distinct uses in therapy. Moreover, a number of factors, such as the client’s age and the setting of the therapy, determine their efficacy and application. However, both theories lead an individual through […]

Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Summary The article, The Use of Prayer and Scripture in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy by Tan starts with an introductory part, whereby the author gives some of the applicable cognitive behavioral therapy methods. The methods are mindfulness therapy, dialectical therapy, and acceptance-based therapy. Tan (2007) acknowledges prayer and scripture as the third therapy for behavioral therapy […]

The Impact of Crisis in Decision Making

Various studies have attempted to examine the impact that crisis can have on making decisions, whether in organizations or in the public domain. In particular, the characteristics of crises have been studied in depth with an aim of discovering how they influence the mental and cognitive aspects of decision-making procedures. For instance, tension, stress and […]

Groupthink Concept and High-Quality Decision Making

Groupthink Concept Groupthink refers to a psychological phenomenon happening within a cluster of persons under which the aspiration for conventionality within this cluster results in a biased outcome in the decisions made. The main underlying assumption towards belonging to this cluster is the need to minimize conflict through blind conformity. Thus, an individual caught up […]

Problem Representation in Decision-Making

Problem Representation in Decision-Making There is no need to stress the fact that the angle, from which a problem is viewed, affects the choice of the solution critically. The infamous Cuban Missile Crisis is a graphic example of the representation of the problem going wrong; each side of the conflict being unable to envision the […]

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Ethnic Minorities

Overview Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), as a counseling approach, takes into account an individual’s beliefs, behaviors, and thought processes during a psychotherapy session. In this approach, a counselor works with a client to discover unconstructive personal behaviors and beliefs and replace them with realistic thought patterns. The aim is to alter specific thoughts and behaviors in […]

Self-Forgiveness as the Path to Learning to Forgive the Others

The ability to forgive one’s own faults has never been valued on par with forgiveness towards the others’ failures, which is rather unfortunate, as the recent research shows. According to the article titled “Self-Forgiveness: The Stepchild of Forgiveness Research” conducted by Julie H. Hall and Frank D. Fincham, people’s attitude towards the others is in […]

Cognitive Behavioral Theoretical Model

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Aaron Beck founded the Cognitive Therapy Model in the 1960s, and it became a popular treatment for patients with depression. The cognitive behavioral therapy model indicates that the emotional factors in human beings are the main influences of behavior. This knowledge enables therapists to develop wellness-promoting measures against various disorders related to […]

Age and Sex Difference

Hypothesis A In order to retain their ability to perform complex calculations and make correct and logical conclusions based on specific premises throughout their life, older people should train their skills on a regular basis; otherwise, their skills will deteriorate very fast. Since lack of training and education leads to faster decline of cognitive and […]

Theory of Cognitive Development: When the Greatest Ideas are Put to Practice

There is no secret that of all complicated mechanisms existing, the one of a human brain must be the most sophisticated one. Even though some major discoveries were made, they were still the tip of the iceberg until Jean Piaget came with his theory of cognitive development. Explaining in details how the process of learning […]

Cognitive Psychology – Decision Making

Introduction Human decision making can be considered a highly complex process that involves numerous stages, factors and internal mechanisms despite its apparent instantaneous nature. Researchers such as Chen-Bo (2011) explains that decision making itself is a reactionary process based on an assortment of internal and external factors which cause an individual to make a choice […]

Cognitive Dissonance

Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive dissonance refers to the discomposure that is triggered when one is unable to choose from contradictory views. It occurs in many real life situations where an individual’s behavior conflicts with integral beliefs to his or her self-identity. When a conflict arises between belief and behavior, something should change in order to reduce […]

Cognitive Mapping, Imagery and Mirror Neurons

Mental Imagery and Cognitive Mapping Imagery can be considered a means by which an individual experiences a particular event, perceives a certain object or views a distinct scene all without the event, object or experience being there in the first place. For example, if a person were to close their eyes and imagine an apple […]

Examining the Major Theories on Perception

Examining the Major Theories on Perception When examining the concept of perception it is interesting to note that it is a “relative” concept in that it is inherently limited by the knowledge one has in being able to interpret external events through honed internal processes. For example, the study of Orlandi (2010) clearly shows a […]

Measuring Intelligence

Introduction “Goddard and the Kallikak family” and “The Cyril Burt Affair” are two articles that dwell on intelligence research. The report will compare the validity of their research with current knowledge on the subject matter in order to determine whether their work is plausible. Analysis “Goddard and the Kallikak family” focuses on psychologist Henry Goddard’s […]

Concept of Cognitive Development in Psychology

Introduction Cognitive development is the process through which an individual constructs the thought process. Specialists in cognitive development examine how growth and intellectual changes affect and influence a person’s behavior. This is achieved by studying the cognitive development of the memory, learning, language, problem solving techniques and intelligence. Memory Memory can be defined as the […]

Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence in Different Areas

Introduction: Interest in EI Emotional intelligence (EI) has been discussed for two decades so far. Stough et al. (2009) note that the interest in EI has increased recently and the concept of EI has been applied to a variety of fields including workplace, psychiatry, neuroscience, education, health, cross-culture and sport. For instance, Cassady and Boseck […]

Cognitive Psychology and Application to Learning Instruction

A number of cognitive learning theories exist including Gestalt theory, schema theory, multi-store theory, and informational processing theory. All these theories are often invoked when giving instructions to students at various levels. In the late 1950s, some psychology scholars came up with what is popularly referred to as cognitive sciences, which is often considered a […]

Social Psychology: Cognitive dissonance

The theory of cognitive dissonance states that in an effort to maintain cognitive consistency within our respective minds, this often results in the creation of irrational or even maladaptive behavioral constructs (Antoniou et al., 2013). When it comes to boredom and effort, cognitive dissonance is often put into play into justifying a particularly boring exercise […]

Social Psychology and Self-attribution

Self-Attribution Self attribution can be summed up as a means of attributing or explaining one’s own behavior and its potential outcome through perception and evaluation. Such a method of examination proposes that the attribution an individual makes about a particular event or outcome is based on internal or external factors (Reich & Arkin, 2006). In […]

Kelly’s cognitive theory

Human personality has been a complex issue for long and has inspired theorists to create ideas to enhance the understanding of the subject. The theorists have made several attempts to understand and explain how the personalities are developed, their variations, how they affect human interactions with the world and their relationships with different psychologically-related disorders. […]

Examination of Skinner’s Concept of Self Control

Burrhus Frederic Skinner was an American psychologist and a philosopher. He is categorized as a behaviorist following his famous rat experiment which he conducted to demonstrate that behavior is influenced not by individuals’ will but by other variables which are external to the individuals. He took a hungry rat and placed it in a cage […]

Emotional Intelligence in Teamwork and Mutual Cooperation

What is emotional intelligence? Emotional intelligence refers to the personal skills and competencies that allow one to manage his or her emotions, perceptions, and feelings and those of other individuals. The situation needs one to have the capability of coping up with other people, situations, and any environment of existence (Zeidner, Matthews & Roberts, 2012). […]

Cognitive Development and Social-Emotional Functioning in Young Foster Children

Introduction The paper “Cognitive Development and Social-Emotional Functioning in Young Foster Children” focuses on the investigation of the cognitive and emotional development delays in children. The authors attempt to evaluate the extent to which the social-emotional functioning in foster children is disturbed due to the adverse experiences in early childhood. According to the research findings, […]

Cognitive Behavioral and an Existential / Humanistic Perspective

Introduction Cognitive approach entails seeking knowledge on a specific subject in order to gain understanding. The approach involves dispelling ignorance and embracing factual information on the subject of study. According to Edwards (1990) after an individual gains understanding on his subject he or she becomes enlightened. Most approaches to therapy incorporate the concept of cognitive […]

Mental Imagery as a Form of Mental Rehearsal

Introduction – What is Mental Imagery Mental imagery can be defined as a form of mental rehearsal wherein an individual visualizes an action or an event and then subsequently practices the motions within his/her mind in order to better understand how to perform that type of action within a given situation, all of this in […]

Brain Structure Influence on Learning and Development of Language

Introduction It is quite interesting to note that while on the surface there is apparently no inherent association between neuroscience and linguistics the fact is that there is actually a strong link between the two sciences based on the way in which the structure of the brain and its processes influence the way in which […]

Cognitive Science and Language Development

Introduction Why is it that some children at a particular age are able to build simplistic structures with blocks, cry when they are upset or use rudimentary language skills when trying to communicate while others of the same age are not only able to perform difficult piano concertos but are also able to grasp and […]

Intelligence Definition and Measurement

Introduction Intelligence is defined as the ability to understand, comprehend, think critically, communicate, attain new skills, learn, and plan; it is the mental power and capability that vary among human beings. When comparing intelligence of different people, it is used in the context of defining the ability to solve problems or difficult situations and personal […]

Cognitive psychology on driving and phone usage

Introduction Some people claim that multitasking is an inevitable part of a fast-changing world. They believe that the current workplace is full of interruptions that must be accommodated. It is almost impossible for them to focus on one task uninterruptedly. This is why many end up using their phones when driving. However, research shows that […]

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with Adolescent Substance Abusers

Introduction In its simplest terms, cognitive behavioral therapy refers to a cathartic approach used by healers to come up with answers to the ever mind-triggering questions concerning non-adaptive behaviors, feelings as well as cognitions. To get such solutions, therapists employ much of methodical and goal-oriented measures. Based on the usage of the term, cognitive behavioral […]

Turing Test from Computer Science

The importance of the Turing Test First of all, there is a need to point out that the Turing Test was created to determine artificial intelligence of the machine. In other words, the original aim of test creation was to understand whether the machine can think or no. Oppy Graham and Dowe David (2011) are […]

Cognitive and Behavioral Theories

Introduction Psychology is the science of the nature the function, and phenomena of behavior and mental experience. (Colman, 1999, p.4).The word is derived from the Greek words “psyche” and “logia” to mean “breath or soul or spirit” and the study of something respectively. Cognitive psychology refers to the branch of psychology that examines internal processes […]

Response Paper: “Do I Have a Good Dream?”

Baradacco’s text article talks about dreams and how they are the inner source of inspiration for leaders. The author tries to show how dreams can go wrong and ruin an individual’s life. This is elaborated by Arthur Miller’s play, The Death of a Salesman which brings out the two sides of a dream. The prepositions […]

Theoretical Models in Understanding Working Memory

Ericsson and Kintsch (1995) model The first model which attempts to explain how working memory functions is the Ericsson and Kintsch (1995) model which explains that all individuals utilize skilled memory in everyday tasks however most these memories are stored in long term memory and then subsequently retrieved through various forms of retrieval mechanisms (Gobet, […]

Does Cognitive Dissonance Explain Why Behavior Can Change Attitudes?

The proponents of the cognitive dissonance theory, Leon Festinger and James Carlsmith, argue that people are bound to change their attitudes if they realize that their actions do not reflect their true attitudes. This contradiction between actions and attitudes is referred to as cognitive dissonance (psychological tension), which can be reversed by people changing their […]

Cognitive Development

Cognitive development is concerned with how thinking processes flow from childhood through adolescence to adulthood by involving mental processes such as remembrance, problem solving, and decision-making. It therefore focuses on how people perceive, think, and evaluate their world by invoking the integration of genetic and learned factors. Hence, cognitive development mainly concentrates on “areas of […]

Language as an exemplar of cognitive psychological concepts

Introduction Lack of adequate comprehension on interaction mechanisms between language and cognition is as old as the history of linguistics and psychology. Similarly, this subject matter has caught attention of laypersons and specialists. As a result, it has set a stage for growing debate that is not likely to die away in the near future. […]

Executive Function Deficits

One of the most famous invisible neurological incapability that might lead to lifetime misery along with failure is referred to as executive function deficit. As the name shows, executive functions can be defined as high level abilities that influence most fundamental capabilities such as attention, motor skills as well as memories. Due to this reason, […]

Emotional Intelligence

Introduction Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the possession of qualities such as empathy for the feelings of other people, extensive comprehension of one’s emotions and ability to manage them. Emotions are important in life because they determine the actions taken and the decisions made. In addition, they determine the quality of interpersonal communication. Self-awareness, self-management, […]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and its Treatment

Abstract The aim of this paper is to study the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), its causes and treatment. The study relies on findings of empirical research to validate decisions and support arguments. The research has shown that the use of Cognitive Behavior Techniques is the most effective approach to cure PTSD. Post Traumatic Stress […]

Humanist Psychology, Cognitive Psychology and Positive Psychology

Introduction Humanist psychology, cognitive psychology and positive psychology are all different paradigms in the field of psychology but all of them relate to each other. Humanist psychology was the first concept to be developed in the middle of the 20th century by Carl Rodgers (Robbins, 2008, p. 96). He used the concept of phenomenology to […]

Best Ways to Study According To Cognitive Psychologists

Introduction There has been heightened attention on the processes of learning from a psychological perspective. This is because there is need to optimize learning opportunities in order to gain maximally from the education system, which is coupled with shortage of time and other resources. Many researchers have taken different angles of approach in addressing this […]

The Role of the Brain in Cognition

Introduction Cognition refers to the process through which information is processed, stored, and recovered for use (Glees, 2005). This process involves several mental processes that play different roles in order to enhance functions such as memory, comprehension, learning, problem solving, thinking, and decision making. The brain plays a pivotal role in cognition. It is a […]

Teacher Using Cooking Activity

Introduction Teaching five year old is as tricky as dealing with two year old children. Five year olds also have special needs that are critical to their growth and development. In this case, the five year olds perception and cognitive abilities must be harnessed in school for better understanding and good academic performance. In this […]

Laboratory report about false memories

Introduction Several studies demonstrate that people can create false memories about events they witnessed if they are deliberately given wrong information regarding the events (Roediger & McDermott, 1995; Hyman Jr & Pentland, 1996; Hyman & Billings Jr, 1998; Loftus, 2005). It has been demonstrated that informing people that they would be given misleading information often […]

Senses’ Development Problem: Psychological and Philosophical Perspectives

The modern world is in a constant change. To react to the possible alternations, people should orient effectively within the social and natural environments. This orientation depends on the particular features of the people’s sensory perceptions. Basing on the conducted research, it is important to concentrate on the fact that today people can suffer from […]

Hypnosis Therapy

The history of hypnosis therapy can be traced back to the prehistoric times. However, it is not until the middle of the 20th century that the use of hypnotherapy in clinical psychology became official and popular. At present, the benefits of hypnosis in clinical care are widely recognized. Thousands of people throw themselves into the […]

The Relationship between Emotion and Cognition: Imposed Emotions and Brain Imaging Investigation

Introduction The direct interdependence between emotion and cognition is discussed by researchers as the stated phenomenon. Emotion affects attention, memory, and reasoning (Dolan, 2002). The researchers study the effects of emotion on the person’s cognitive processes with the help of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and there is the supported argument that emotion can affect […]

The Effect of Students Emotional Intelligence on Academic Performance

Abstract This research proposal will investigate the effect of emotional intelligence (EI) on academic performance. Many psychologist researchers acknowledge the fact that emotions are core to learning and that teachers should understand their role during the learning experience. EI is imperative in academic performance yet it is not part of the school curriculum. The findings […]

Sensory Perceptions and Its Role in People’s Lives

Introduction Sensory perceptions are crucial in people’s lives as they obtain information from the world with the help of the five senses. People have to rely on their ability to see, hear, smell, etc. Inability to use at least one of the senses poses a great threat to a human being (Kirby & Goodpaster, 2007). […]

Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience

Introduction There is an eminent application of scientific metaphors in describing the functioning of the human brain. There are notable similarities and differences in “cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience” (Chapman & King, 2009). This paper presents two separate dialogues about metaphors and analogies used to describe the “functioning of the human brain” (Hunt, 2007). Dialogue […]

Responding to Behaviorism

In his article “The Nature of Mind” David Armstrong starts out with showing that Behaviorism is an implausible account of the nature of mind. In his account of Behaviorism the behavior and the mind are one and causally inseparable (Armstrong 297). The mind and behavior are identical so the mind is not merely the cause […]

Psychological Properties of Colors

Introduction Many books and articles have been aimed at examining the psychology of color, but not all of them are of high quality. This paper will review the article Psychological Properties of Colors written by Angela Wright (2011). Overall, it is hardly appropriate for students or scholars, because the author does not provide any evidence […]

The ability to distinguish and memorise the items

Abstract The experiment seeks to measure the ability to distinguish and memorise the items one saw. There were sixty-seven participants all of them third year students who take the course Advance Topics in Cognition laboratory. Age and sex were not considered as variables and as such were ignored in the analysis of the results. The […]

The Risks of Night Work

1. The pace of the modern life is too fast, and it is necessary to adapt to it with references to ignoring such important physical factors as the circadian clock which can also influence the psychological processes. In his article “The Risks of Night Work”, Price concentrates on the ways to help people adapt their […]

Resistance to Change

Introduction Resistance to change refers to actions that groups of people or individuals take when a change occurs in their environment and they perceive that change as a threat to their wellbeing. This implies that the perceived threat may not be real for the resistance to change to take place. The phrase ‘resistance to change’ […]

A House Filled with Memories: Taking a Travel across Space and Time

There is hardly anything that people need as badly as their own hearth and home. Indeed, the very image of a house has become the symbol of stability, warmth and cozy atmosphere. A house is associated even with a family, though the two do not go together all the time. However, there is something that […]

Cognitive Dissonance

Introduction The term cognitive dissonance which is associated with Leon Festinger came into existence in 1957. It is used to describe a psychologically disturbing state or imbalance that occurs when there is inconsistency about various cognitions on a thing. The most common examples of inconsistent cognitions are the awareness that smoking is harmful to the […]

The Concept of Intellectualism

Summary The concept of intellectualism has developed a considerable degree of social stigma as seen in the essay “Anti-Intellectualism: Why We Hate the Smart Kids”. Despite the considerable contributions of intellectuals towards the modernization of the world today through science and technology, they are still thought of as being a pox on general social convention. […]

Intelligence and Race

The issue concerning the correlation between intelligence and race has aroused heated debates with opposing groups citing different reasons for the variation in IQ test performance among different racial groups. The invention of intelligent quotient (IQ) testing heightened the tension on the issue of intelligence and race. IQ tests constitute one of the major components […]

People’s Mind Work

It is possible to concentrate on the idea that the people’s mind is responsible for the human’s attitude to the reality and to his or her perception of time, space, and the form of being because these categories are the results of the mind’s work. Thus, people’s relations with the world depend on the peculiarities […]

Psychological properties of colours

There is no doubt that the analysis of colour varies a lot. There is the analysis that is authentic and based on scholarly information. Also, there is the analysis that is based on unsubstantiated information. This paper will offer a critical analysis of the article written by Angela Wright entitled “Psychological properties of colours” (Wright, […]

Multiple Object Tracking Models

Abstract Multiple Object Tracking is an undertaking normally used to look into the optical attentiveness of human beings in observing and supervising the attributes of various objects in motion. Human players portray different forms of achievements and failures in tracking practices that are frequently imputed to boundaries on a target system, tracking mental faculty or […]

Dualism or the Mind and Body Split

Since time immemorial, man has sought to understand psychology and explain his development throughout life. Through observation and experimentation, he has sought answers on questions about himself; of things he has no idea of. Some have been answered; some have remained enigmas. The human psychological being is a complex entity and at times one would […]

Definition of Storage Locations in Memory

Introduction It is often the case that people associate memories as a collection of neurons and synapses working in conjunction with each other in order to record pertinent information on a daily basis yet few think of the way in which the concept of memory can be comparable to that of a library where information […]

Two definitions of critical thinking

One of the profound definitions of critical thinking came from Edward Glaser in 1941. He looked at three aspects of critical thinking. According to him, critical thinking is as follows. First, critical thinking is “an attitude of being disposed to consider in a thoughtful way the problems and subjects that come within the range of […]

Big five personality dimensions

Personality of individuals has been described using many theories in the past years. However, today the big five model of personality has been adopted and is widely used by many people. As cited in Hofstee (2003), research in many cultures on personality traits has found the five dimensions of the model present (Nevid, 2009). The […]

Metamemory: False memory

Abstract Memory is a very vital human tool without which many of cognitive processes cannot take place. Humans rely on memory to recount the past and help forge the future. However, at times the human memory is vulnerable to errors in that individuals can claim to report what they think took place when in reality […]

Intelligence in two psychological journals written by Thorndike and Hagopian

Description of the papers The psychological concept under analysis is intelligence as seen through the operant conditioning lens. In 1898 one of the pioneers of operant conditioning – Edward Thorndike – wrote an article called “Animal intelligence: an experimental study of the associate processes in animals.” In the article, the author carried out an experimental […]

Types of Thinking Styles

Thinking Styles: Optimistic, Pessimistic, and Emotional One of the key avenues of concern in critical and creative thinking is the recognition, acknowledgement, and appreciation of the influence of human factor to the thought process of each individual. A broad spectrum of factors, therefore, exists bearing a mark on the manner in which human beings think. […]

The Extended Mind

Clark and Chalmers argued that “beliefs can be partly constituted by features of the environment, when those features play the right role in driving cognitive processes” (Clark & Chalmers, p.12). This argument is important in the world of cognitive science because for many centuries scientists were trying to understand how the mind works. The mind […]

Constructive Nature of Memory

For a long period of time, the analyses of human brain have captivated most scientists and they have discovered various extraordinary abilities of the brain. Specifically, scientists have extensively analyzed the human memory through various approaches such as theoretical ideas, experimental finding and conceptual frameworks. In spite of conflicting and vast knowledge regarding memory, there […]

A Cultural Visual Metaphors

A visual metaphor is a comparison of something that belongs to one category with another of a different category (Arnheim 125). It suggests a similarity between the two things. Visual metaphors vary from one cultural setting to another. For this reason the intended message may be lost if a metaphor from one culture is used […]

Comparison and Contrast Assignment on “Paradoxical effects of presentation modality on false memory,” article and “Individual differences in learning and remembering music.”

The differences and similarities in remembering visual and auditory items are carried out in two researches, “presentation modality on false memory,” and “learning to remember music”. Although the aim of both experiments targets the mental capacity or the faculty of retaining and recalling, it is quite clear that it is challenging to determine which of […]

Is Google Making Us Stupid?

Introduction The world is growing too fast in terms of technology since the emergence of the internet. The internet remains important in bringing about technological change, thus influencing changes in human behavior. In the view of many, the internet has greatly contributed to the growth of knowledge and research. However, although the internet has greatly […]

The Implications and the Effects of Confusion

Introduction Confusion is the lack of clarity or rather a state of bewilderment or puzzlement. Sometimes, we find ourselves in a constant state of shock from the moment we wake up to the time we retire to bed at the day’s end. Any undertaking that we engage in requires a thought process. The uninterrupted completion […]

Field Observation Project

Normal development among children encompasses a concurrent physical, cognitive and social development. This implies how one expects children of various ages to have different levels of cognitions, social attachments and physical characteristics. However, the development of every child stands out unique and theoretically complex. Various factors including environmental and experiences that children go through amongst […]

Learning and Cognition Project

This research is of importance as it serves as a platform of studying the relation between drugs and classical conditioning in terms of development of tolerance to some drugs especially those with a potential for addiction (Ader et al., 2010). Studies have shown that the environment in which a drug is administered plays a big […]

Applying Problem Solving

Introduction Students get to solve various problems in class, which range from Mathematics to social issues. These problems help students to develop and apply problem solving techniques, which are essential in promoting their critical analysis of their environment along with its complexities. Problem solving abilities are therefore very important in developing intellectuals for enrichment of […]

Attention Biases in Anxiety

Introduction In 1987 Oatley and Johnson-Laird (cited in Mogg & Bradley, 1998) supposed the evolutionary source to be the major consideration in the analysis of emotions. For instance the primary role of the mechanism responsible for the fear emotion are to allow the identification of threat in the surrounding and to assist the organism react […]

Lifespan Development and Personality Paper

Introduction Adolescence is the age in life when most of a person’s development occurs as they are transforming into adulthood. The transition period is marked by emotional upheaval which may be released on parents due to novel cognitive ability and hormonal imbalances. Their brain development leads to developed reason, which may lead them to feel […]

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Solving Social Phobia

Introduction Cognitive behavioural therapy has been a form of therapeutic treatment for persons with several mental disorders for quite some time. It is described as a talking therapy since it involves the use of psychoanalytical facilities testing certain behavioural and cognitive elements (Saunders, 2005). Social phobia is a manifest form of disorder that hampers an […]

Effects of the Internet on Human Cognition

Many theorists have come up with different definitions of cognition. Whether it is in education or psychology, the word cognition has continued to elicit much attention from people seeking to understand the working of the human brain. While trying to examine the effects that the internet has on human cognition, I sought to know the […]

Assessing ability to remember words read

Introduction One of the significant components of neuropsychological evaluation is memory assessment, though the tests administered have been observed to contain many flaws. This is because most procedures are chosen due to their ability to identify structural brain pathology as opposed to their capability to evaluate memory performance based on the factor operations that motivate […]

Definition of Cognitive Psychology

Introduction The comprehension of how the human brain functions has been a puzzle for many people. Most people begin to think critically about the operation of the mind only after it has failed. For example, when one is not able to get something they had in their hands just a few minutes ago (Braisby and […]

Cognitive Functions

Introduction The functioning of human brain is one of the most complex systems studied by the scientists. Even after so many years of research, there still remain parts if the brain the functions of which are not yet known. Everything that we do is controlled by our brain even the slightest injury can have adverse […]