Jung’s analytical psychology
Carl Jung devoted himself to the study of the dynamic unconscious that drives human behavior and experience. However, in contrast to Sigmund Freud, Jung argued that the unconscious content is more than the repressed sexual and aggressive impulses. According to Jung’s personality theory, known as analytical psychology, individuals are motivated by intrapsychic forces and images, the origin of which goes deep into the history of humanity (Stern, Gibson, & Lathrop, 2013).
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It contains an innate unconscious spiritual material that explains the desire for creative self-expression and physical perfection inherent to all humans. Jung considered sexuality as a diffuse creative life force that is expressed in various ways such as religion or the pursuit of power. In other words, according to Jung, libido energy is concentrated in a variety of needs from physical to spiritual as they arise. Jung’s views on the identity of the person are, perhaps, the most complex and the most unorthodox polemics in personality psychology. The scholar created a unique theory markedly different from all other approaches to the study of personality.
Jung conjectured that the collective unconscious consists of powerful primary mental images, so-called archetypes, literally, the primary models. Archetypes are intrinsic views or memories that prepossess people to perceive, experience, and react to events in a certain way. It is not memories or images, but rather the predisposing factors that influence the people, who realize their behavior universal models of perception, thought, and action in response to an object or event.
The tendency to react emotionally, cognitively, and behaviorally to specific situations is inherent (Tympas, 2014). For example, during an unexpected encounter with parents, a loved one, a stranger, a snake, or death each person acts differently in his usual manner. Among the set of archetypes described by Jung, there is the mother, the child, the hero, the sage, the sun, God, and mortality.
Speaking of concepts that have gotten beyond the original theoretical approach, one might note introverted and extroverted types of personality included in the area of psychopathology.
The worst and best working environment you’ve been in
I remember the least satisfying working environment in my life due to the unsatisfactory working conditions and poor attention of the employer to the employees. The management of the company made a little effort to meet employees’ expectations. Consequently, the majority of the staff had to change their job even though the salary was not so bad. At the same time, the most satisfying environment was satisfying concerning everything from the physical characteristics such as lighting and office organization to the corporate culture and management practices. Therefore, I was pleased to go there every day.
Speaking of the motivation, I can state that the most satisfying environment gave me the inspiration to work harder and create something new in my area of work. However, the least satisfying working environment forced me to struggle for my rights to improve the situation. Perhaps, among things that motivate and satisfy me, there are meetings and briefings as the awareness, the exchange of news, and the engagement that are always important for me to know what is happening in the company. Besides, I appreciate the possibility of feedback as it helps to express my views concerning the current situation. I consider that the latter fact differs me from other employees, who prefer to perform their part of work without interfering with the company’s corporate culture.
Stern, E. M., Gibson, K., & Lathrop, D. (2013). Carl Jung and soul psychology. New York, NY: Routledge.
Tympas, G. C. (2014). Carl Jung and Maximus the confessor on psychic development: The dynamics between the ‘psychological’ and the ‘spiritual’ New York, NY: Routledge.