Home > Free Essays > Sociology > Ethics > Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches

Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches Report (Assessment)

Exclusively available on IvyPanda Available only on IvyPanda
Updated: Sep 22nd, 2022

Dominant Approaches to Ethical Reasoning

Before starting the comparison, it is essential to list the schools of ethics being compared. Dominant theories are deontology and consequentialism, Kantianism, and utilitarian perspective. Alternative ones are legalistic moralism, Social Justice Theory and, Hinduism ethics. In order to compare the dominant and alternative approaches to ethical reasoning, they were divided according to the perspectives of these theories on the priority of the means of achievement and the goal. In dominant theories, deontology and Kantian ethics consider means of achievement or action as critical aspects of ethics. Mandal et al. (2016) state that “deontology is ethics of duty where the morality of an action depends on the nature of the action” (p. 5). In Kantian ethics, a person, guided by a universal rule, is obliged to do the right deed, even if the result will be wrong or harmful.

Conversely, the goal or desired outcome determines the morality of the actions performed in consequentialism and utilitarianism. Researchers note that “consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are” (“Consequentialism,” 2020, para. 1). According to Mandal et al. (2016), “in the utilitarian approach, decisions are chosen based on the greatest amount of benefit obtained for the greatest number of individuals” (p. 5). These ethical theories are considered to be related to each other in academic philosophy.

Alternative Approaches to Ethical Reasoning

Modern and religious theories of ethical reasoning also have differing views on the importance of action and purpose. Legal moralism focuses on the aspects of action and pays little attention to the desired outcome concept. Moral wrongdoing should be criminalized appropriately and reasonably in this ethical theory (Moore, 2017). Hindu ethics has several instructions, which are dharma, kama, artha, and moksha, on how a person should act to achieve well-being in this and the next life (“Hindu beliefs,” 2020). Therefore, the means of achievement determine the result that a person will achieve, although a universal desired outcome is also pre-established. Social Justice ethics proponents see social justice as an objective good for all (Investopedia Staff, 2020). Here, all societal actions should be aimed at achieving it and taken following its principles.

References

(2020). Ethics Unwrapped. Web.

(2020). BBC. Web.

Investopedia Staff. (2020). Investopedia. Web.

Mandal, J., Ponnambath, D. K., & Parija, S. C. (2016). Utilitarian and deontological ethics in medicine. Tropical Parasitology, 6(1), 5-7. Web.

Moore, M. S. (2017). Legal moralism revisited. San Diego Law Review, 54, 441-464. Web.

This assessment on Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches was written and submitted by your fellow student. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly.
Removal Request
If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda.
Request the removal

Need a custom Assessment sample written from scratch by
professional specifically for you?

801 certified writers online

Cite This paper
Select a referencing style:

Reference

IvyPanda. (2022, September 22). Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches. https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-reasoning-dominant-and-alternative-approaches/

Reference

IvyPanda. (2022, September 22). Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-reasoning-dominant-and-alternative-approaches/

Work Cited

"Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches." IvyPanda, 22 Sept. 2022, ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-reasoning-dominant-and-alternative-approaches/.

1. IvyPanda. "Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches." September 22, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-reasoning-dominant-and-alternative-approaches/.


Bibliography


IvyPanda. "Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches." September 22, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-reasoning-dominant-and-alternative-approaches/.

References

IvyPanda. 2022. "Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches." September 22, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/ethical-reasoning-dominant-and-alternative-approaches/.

References

IvyPanda. (2022) 'Ethical Reasoning: Dominant and Alternative Approaches'. 22 September.

Powered by CiteTotal, easy bibliography tool
More related papers