Geography facilitates the evaluation of land in terms of its use and planning by providing a framework for the analysis of history, laws and practices relating to both the private and public land. Data on the history and legal aspects of land determines the impacts of various factors such as government’s regulations that influence patterns of land development.
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Thus, geography is a crucial tool in the determination of outcomes relating to the struggles on public property. The use of geographic techniques in the analysis of public property provides a clear overview on matters of land planning, regional planning and strategic planning in the scope of economic development, infrastructure, human services and law enforcement.
The location of business entities depends on the availability of major resources. In this regard, a geographer can help to create a distinction between the ownership of land and associated buildings thus mitigating instances of firms and individuals manipulating the use of land (Blomley, 2007).
The lack of proper distinction on various forms of utilization of public property limits the scope of analyzing the use of public property. The designation of geographic space ensures that various forms of land utilization do not infringe on the interests of members of the public. Planning ensures that business premises do not curtail opportunities essential to members of the public.
The regulation of the construction and expansion of businesses entities and residential communities through zoning ensures that all development activities adhere to land boundaries. Zoning protects public facilities from encroachment by prohibiting investments in the protected areas. Furthermore, zoning maintains the distinction on residential, commercial and industrial areas. In this regard, private developers cannot establish business premises in other areas apart from the commercial and industrial areas.
When decisions on land utilization require consent by the state administration, entrepreneurs and citizens, patterns of land development adhere to the efficient utilization of resources. A geographer can regulate parties interested in various development projects to work within a framework that demands all parties to have access to the information regarding a proposed development project (Blomley, 2007).
In this regard, government, entrepreneurs and citizens have enough time to analyze the scope of investment intentions and determine the effects of the proposed investments. Legal tussle relating to land utilization arise due to lack of records that describe geographical spaces during planning of land and its associated buildings.
In this regard, improper geographical documentation creates loopholes for individuals and groups to encroach on public property. Details on geographic spaces create awareness on designated public areas and thus eliminate the tendency to use public utilities for personal gains.
A geographer can ensure that a development project is subject to a referendum that incorporates the decisions of all concerned parties. By making records on geographical space available to the public, the geographer limits individuals and groups from manipulating public property to serve their personal interests.
In this regard, the use of public property to serve personal interests will become unattainable due to opposition from members of the public. Furthermore, geography ensures proper documentation of plans on utilization of public property so that the state administration, entrepreneurs and citizens have a proper understanding of the impacts of proposed investments.
Inadequate information on public property creates ambiguity regarding designated residential, commercial and industrial areas. In this regard, a business enterprise may expand into a public property without attracting concerns from members of the public. Proper documentation of geographical space ensures that entities remain within their designated area.
Any attempts to expand must incorporate the consent of the state administration and citizens. The role of a geographer in protecting public property includes the sustenance of access routes. The documentation of roads leading to areas such as public parks ensures that commercial and industrial projects do not cut off access to any public property.
Geography plays a key role in the implementation of laws relating to the use of public property. The jury decides on cases regarding land-use depending on the details of the geographical space of interest. In this regard, adequate information on a geographical space ensures that legal restrictions can rebuff any encroachment attempts. However, the failure to document a geographical space increases vulnerability of public property to encroachment.
The implementation of zoning laws grants geographical spaces an aspect of legality so that attempts to manipulate a zoned area have legal consequences. Once the court recognizes an area depending on its designated use, attempts to manipulate the legal framework on assertions that putting a public property under commercial use will benefit an area in terms of economic benefits will be futile.
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A geographer promotes the democratic use of public property by creating a framework that ensures there is no prioritization of access to utilities such as recreational parks based on individuals’ socioeconomic status. In this regard, geography eliminates the control of public property by individuals or groups with personal interests. Planning on land utilization ensures that decisions on geographical areas require collaborative efforts that incorporate the views and concerns of the state administration, entrepreneurs and citizens.
Blomley, N. (2007). Legal Geographies—Kelo, Contradiction, And Capitalism1. Urban Geography, 28(2), 198–205.
Blomley, N. (2007). Civil Rights Meet Civil Engineering: Urban Public Space and Traffic Logic. Canadian Journal of Law and Society, 22(2), 55-72.