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Global Institutions: In the Backdrop of the Changing Paradigm Report

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Updated: Feb 2nd, 2022

Introduction

Developed countries have dominated world politics, businesses and economy. Governance of global institutions such as the U.N, IMF and World Bank reflects this dominance. Most of these developed countries that control operations of key global institutions are in the west. These countries include the United States, France, Germany and Canada among others. Through these institutions, these countries have controlled the geopolitical system of the world. In addition, they control the pace of modernisation of the world. However, this has been changing, and there is a belief that there should be a change in world order. Fast-growing developing countries, like China and India, may seek more roles in control of international organisations.

Main body

The United Nations is one of the chief international organisations in the contemporary world. It facilitates cooperation in international matters such as law, security and economic progress. Further, the U.N seeks to ensure social progress, human rights and attainment of peace. It replaced the League of Nations in 1945 after the World War 2 ended. There are various subsidiaries of U.N. These subsidiaries perform the implementation of the missions U.N has. The General Assembly of the U.N is composed of 193 countries, with five countries as permanent members of the Security Council.

The United Nations brings together member countries and ensures collective decision-making. Collective decision making by the member states aims to make the world a better place for all. Decisions made by the member countries involve various issues such as imposition of sanctions, development matters, and human rights issues among others. The U.N participates in activities of the civil society and organisations. Notably, the civil society makes a significant contribution to development, human rights and social progress at country level.

The U.N provides a means for member countries to negotiate. This exhibits its dedication to member states. It assists countries to make negotiations that are critical in assisting them address challenges that they face. The decisions are also on business as it is an essential component in efforts to address global problems. The Office for Partnership enables collaborations that facilitate the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals by member countries. Furthermore, U.N enables countries to address the expanding global problems collectively. Problems such as global warming and wars affect the whole world. Through the U.N, the member states can discuss these issues and come up with remedies. It seeks to promote sustainable development of the world. Additionally, increase in demand for assistance by member states makes the U.N a valuable organisation. Countries face different challenges such as poverty, high rate population growth and inadequacy of key resources. U.N can assist in addressing these challenges.

The U.N has provided humanitarian assistance to various countries worldwide. Humanitarian assistance it provides includes protection of refugees and feeding the hungry. There have been various wars, calamities and accidents worldwide in recent years especially in the developing world. The U.N has also ensured that the environment is protected and justice is provided. Through U.N force, it has promoted peace.

Conclusion

The emergence of new, strong economies makes it necessary for the adjustment of the composition of some of the United Nations’ organs. Strong economic growth has enabled some non-west countries to be top in the world system. The rapid development of these countries has far-reaching implications on global organisations like the U.N. Greater roles should be given to these countries in resolution of conflicts such as in the Middle East. This can be done through their inclusion in strategic organizations like the U.N Security Council. The west has dominated attempts made to resolve these conflicts. Additionally, these countries can take it upon themselves to resolve these conflicts the same way the west has done on a number of occasions like in Iraq.

However, world order should not change. The institutionalised order cannot be easily changed. Emerging strong economies should instead join the already existing order. The existing global organisations provide the new, strong countries with the association and vote. In addition, each country, even the emerging strong economies, has its resources and problems. They all come to global organisations with these and benefit from stability and openness that the global organisations provide. Finally, informal steering committees like the G-8 are advantageous to these emerging economies in the east.

Bibliography

Alisa, Clarke. 2012. “The Potential of the Human Rights-Based Approach for the Evolution of the United Nations as a System.” Human Rights Review 13, no. 2: 225-248.

Allen, Buchanan and Keohane, Robert O. 2006. “The Legitimacy of Global Governance Institutions.” Ethics & International Affairs 20, no. 4: 405-437,541.

Eisuke, Suzuki. 2011. “Global Governance and International Financial Institutions.” Asia Pacific Law Review 19, no. 1: 13-34.

Guy, Goodwin-Gill S. 2001. “Refugees: Challenges to Protection.” International Migration Review 35, no. 1: 130-142.

James, Hoge F. 2004. “A Global Power Shift in the Making.” Foreign Affairs 83, no. 4: 2-7.

Seng, Chye T. 2012. “Changing Global Landscape and Enhanced U.S Engagement with Asia—Challenges and Emerging Trends.” Asia-Pacific Review 19, no. 1: 108-129.

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IvyPanda. "Global Institutions: In the Backdrop of the Changing Paradigm." February 2, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/global-institutions-in-the-backdrop-of-the-changing-paradigm/.

References

IvyPanda. 2022. "Global Institutions: In the Backdrop of the Changing Paradigm." February 2, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/global-institutions-in-the-backdrop-of-the-changing-paradigm/.

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IvyPanda. (2022) 'Global Institutions: In the Backdrop of the Changing Paradigm'. 2 February.

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