The purpose of government is among the core subjects of discussion in politics. While there may be some individuals who believe that government is unnecessary, most agree that it fulfills several important functions, thus helping people to enjoy higher levels of security and well-being. Personally, I believe that the primary purpose of all levels of government is to provide protection and help people to prosper.
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First of all, governments provide protection against external and internal threats. By regulating the military and engaging in diplomacy, governments can secure the country’s borders and keep citizens safe. Moreover, governments also engage in preparedness and relief efforts during natural disasters, which helps to reduce the damage to people and their homes. Governments also facilitate economic growth, for instance, by supporting small business and establishing favorable trade relations. Finally, governments create laws and support the function of the justice system, thus maintaining order in society.
These functions of government are critical because they establish and maintain the security of citizens. However, the scope of government’s involvement here should be limited by individual freedoms and rights. For example, governments should not spy on all citizens for security purposes but could establish surveillance over some individuals if there are reasons to believe that they are planning a crime.
Secondly, the government also offers services that facilitate citizens’ prosperity. Governments can provide free, high-quality education, medical care, and social services. For instance, there are various government programs that support low-income families and homeless persons. Free higher education and universal healthcare are the two essential services that the American government does not provide, although I believe that it should. These services help people to enjoy the highest level of wellbeing and prosperity possible, thus fulfilling the government’s second function.