Many suggestions have been made on how to delay the aging process in skin with a significant number being driven by empirical evidence. Hsu, Li, and Fuchs (2014) note that the intrinsic and extrinsic biological factors such as the changes in the stratum corneum structure and corneum along with the occurrence of lipids justify the use chemical peels as one of the methods to delay the aging process in the skin..
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According to Weinert and Timiras (2003), the effects of the chemical ablations on different layers of the skin vary according to the type of chemical peel used. However, the type of peel used on the skin depends on the skin type, ethnic background, color, quality, and age of the recipient. Here, Pillai, Sundaresan, and Gupta (2014) argue that chemical peels trigger a repair mechanism that makes the skin to regenerate and become tight and even (or to develop a characteristically uniform pattern with different strains) in response to the inflammation on both the dermis and epidermis.
Indications of medium to deep peels provide solutions for the treatment of fine rhytids, actinic changes, superficial scars, rosacea, and pigmentary dyschromias. Here, superficial peels are made in the skin in response to the chemical effects of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) (10–30%) which exfoliates and confines the epidermal layer within the basal layer (Weinert & Timiras, 2003). However, peeling of the upper reticular dermis can be achieved in the medium layer by using 30 to 50% TCA. Deep peels occur in response to a number of factors such as the pH concentration of the solution in use.
The presence of uniformly distributed melanocytes, basal cells that have small melanin grains, and the sub epidermal band of the collagen provide reliable evidence of the cases of skins that have returned to normal with the epidermal architecture. Here, the epidermolysis and exfoliation results are achieved by targeting the corneosomes with superficial peels that increase desquamation and the epidermal activity of enzymes in the skin.
However, the coagulation of membrane proteins results in medium peels which destroy the dermis and other living cells of the epidermis. According to Vilchez, Simic, and Dillin (2014), deep facial peels can be used to restructure the basal layer of the dermal architecture to complete the epidermolysis in the skin. Increasing the elastic fibers, Col-1 with or without Col-3 and rearranging collagen fibres have been suggested to be among the best chemical processes to use to delay the aging in the skin.
Studies by Rani and Schwacha (2014) recommend different skin care methods such as the prevention allergies, penetration of various microorganisms into the skin, protection against dehydration, radiation, and the use of reactive oxygen species to delay aging in the skin. Nile and Park (2014) recommend a strategy of degrading the skin by inhibiting the destruction of the primary ingredients in the skin such as elastin and collagen to prevent wrinkles from forming in the skin. Skin care can be achieved by use of systemic antioxidants, retinoids, and sunscreens.
In conclusion, chemical peels can be used on different layers of the skin to delay the aging process in skin depending on the desired results and the type of peel that is used despite some negative side effects. However, it is possible to care for the skin using naturally recommended.
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Pillai, V. B., Sundaresan, N. R., & Gupta, M. P. (2014). Regulation of Akt Signaling by Sirtuins Its Implication in Cardiac Hypertrophy and Aging. Circulation research, 114(2), 368-378.
Rani, M., & Schwacha, M. G. (2014). Aging and the pathogenic response to burn. Aging and disease, 3(2), 171-180.
Vilchez, D., Simic, M. S., & Dillin, A. (2014). Proteostasis and aging of stem cells. Trends in cell biology, 24(3), 161-170.
Weinert, B. T., & Timiras, P. S. (2003). Invited review: Theories of aging. Journal of applied physiology, 95(4), 1706-1716.