Human cloning is the process of the genetic creation of human beings. This was a practice that was considered to be a scientific breakthrough when scientists announced that they could eventually create a man. There are two commonly practiced types of human cloning and these are: therapeutic cloning, in this, cells from an adult are taken purposely to generate another human body organ for medical research. Then there is the reproductive cloning, this involves making cloned human beings.
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Even though scientists can generate laboratory babies, this has never been put into practice following the huge ethical concerns that were raised and continue to be raised on the whole topic of laboratory manufacture of humans.
Cloning is not an entirely bad scientific practice (Larmburg 44) it is one process that should be effectively exploited to bring changes from the conventional ways of offering treatment to patients in hospitals. Certain organs cannot be easily donated, such organs as heart and lungs. Cloned humans can be used as donors for these important organs and quite a several lives would be saved. This argument was put forward by one great scientist from Chicago, Joshua Lederberg.
He asserts clearly in a heavily jargoned piece that there are quite a several diseases that have thronged the modern-day man, diseases whose sources can not be easily determined, such diseases as cancer, but through cloning the origin of cancerous cells are determined and through the very process, a woman does not have to lose a breast following abreast cancer (Larmburg 231).
The author uses very complex sentences that are backed by a series of scientific evidence. Through the provision of several points of references, cloning can be used to save lives, the writer passes his point to most of his readers, his writing sounds convincing and appears more factual than other opinion pieces. He holds the view that cloning is indeed a good practice that will elevate the health of very many.
This is a view that is strongly opposed by one journalist from the state of Georgia; Watson James. Sarcastically James asks in the title of his book whether this is what humans want. James believes in the existence of one Supreme Being who is the only owner of human life (Watson 231) He is the only person who can give and take life and there is some knowledge that He would not like a man to have. Cloning man, he says, is competing with God and for whichever reason, he terms the whole research that gives forth to the possibility of conning untimely.
In very simple and clear sentences with little direct quotes from the Bible, he explains that the experiment should not be accepted on several grounds, humanitarian being is one of them. He asks several questions: is it right to have a person stationed at someplace to be killed just because another human (a) needs a heart? He says that despite these cloned humans being the result of human endeavors, after their inception they would have a right which would not inhuman to violate (Watson 125).
This author holds the view that cloning should not be practiced even on other animals, he, however, agrees with the genetic mutations carried out on plants, this is the only area that he says cloning would be used effectively in for the benefit of humans.
Larmburg, Joshua. Experimental Genetics and Human evolution, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1992. Print.
Watson, James. Moving towards a colonial man: Is this what we want? Atlanta, Georgia: The Atlantic monthly Publishers, 1971. Print.