Aims, objectives, Research Questions
Electric bikes use an electric motor to move it around. They are always fitted with some rechargeable batteries thus they are able to move for longer distances without experiencing any mechanical problems.The company which introduced the bikes currently records higher sales turn out implying that it is liked by many people across the world (Lippman B2012, p. 147).
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Besides, the traditional bikes and motorcycles are almost fading away since a number of people have considered it to be more convenient cheap and environmental friendly.For instance, it leads to the reduction of carbon dioxide in the air.Electronic bikes have gained popularity over the years (Cohn 2008, p. 144). Consequently, it is being used in most of the developed countries around the world.
In a number of countries around the world, electric bicycles are not regarded as motor vehicles since they are operated with minimum traffic rules (Weiss 2002). Due to rapid population and economic growth, approximately, 80million people have e-bikes. Additionally, the sales of the bikes have been steadily increasing over the past years.
A number of people in Saudi Arabia are currently using the electronic bicycles because of its convenience (Sperling, Gordon & Schwarzenegger 2009, p. 287). A number of people majorly use the bikes for transport purposes hence Saudi Arabia has been able to improve its economy. Besides, it is preferred by many people because it is environmental friendly (Gilbert & Perl 2007, p. 388).
Various researches will be carried out to establish the impact of the e-bikes on the local people and the Saudi Arabian government. Additionally, the research will be done to establish the efficiency of the electronic bikes (Vacca, 2009). It will also determine how the bikes are environmental friendly (Westby 2004). The other major aim of the research is to investigate the trend of its sale in the local Saudi Arabian market (Kurtz 2013, p. 289).
Moreover, the research will try to answer questions like how the use of e-bikes is more advantageous than the traditional bikes. It will also determine the approximate number of people who are able to purchase the bikes and their opinions (Association of College and Research Libraries 1964, 168).
The above research will try to explain why electric bicycles have minimum traffic rules compared to other means of transport like vehicles and trains. In addition, the research to be carried out will not only explain the few limitations of using the bicycle but also how it has affected the living standards of Saudi Arabian people (Boxwel & Boxwell 2011, p. 169).
There are a number of methods that will be applied when trying to answer the research questions. A lot of survey will be done to validate the efficiency of using the electric bikes (Stowell & Welch 2012). People’s opinion will be obtained through the provision of some questionnaires that will contain some elaborate information wanted.
Research will also be carried out both in rural and urban areas to establish how the bikes have affected the living standard of the Saudi Arabian citizens (Stewart 2010). To establish the rate at which people are purchasing the bikes, selling records from some of the dealers will be used (Boxwell2010, p. 386). In addition, some government records indicating the number of electric bike users who have broken the traffic rules will be used.
Consequently, this will help establish their efficiency in terms of damages. The whole analytical framework will be carried out in two stages. The first stage will be carrying out various interviews while the second stage will be the main survey. The main goal of the interviewers will be to find a synopsis of the electric bikes.
The other aim will be to obtain some internal information the can be vital in the development of the questionnaires. Upon the data collection from different sources, a comprehensive analysis should be executed. Critically, two main theses were developed. The first thesis proposed that Saudi Arabians had a positive attitude towards social studies.
They were the only group actively involved in their studies. Moreover, teacher’s enthusiasm also led to the positive response. The second thesis proposed that, the presence or lack of the observable practical values was the main contributing factor to the Saudi Arabian’s negative perception of social studies. The analysis of the study should be sufficient since the researchers were able to obtain first hand information from the affected Saudi Arabians.
Saudi Arabia should be able to give its experiences concerning social studies. Thus, the information obtained by the researchers was accurate in regard to analysis. Additionally, improved systems of solving environmental problems and administrative practices were believed to have contributed to the positive attitude. Conversely, a number of Saudi Arabians were still having a negative perception on social issues.
Most of them based their views on the irrelevancy of the subject. Besides, some Saudi Arabians had taken the social study classes to be dull and boring. Critically, the methodology to be used, data analysis, results, and conclusions should be interrelated. The procedure for data analysis entailed both the earlier and subsequent steps (Research methods groups, 2012). Besides, results will not be obtained without data analysis. It is from these results that the conclusions will be made.
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Brief literature review
According to Tom Ayres, an individual does not need to go for any driving school to learn how to ride the electric bicycle. Additionally, use of the electric bicycles does not need any license or insurance (Straub 2008). The funds and other operational costs like fuel do not need a lot of money. Moreover, an individual is able to save a lot of money that he could have spent on parking and bridge tolls.
Consequently, it becomes more convenient means of transport in Saudi Arabia compared to other means of transport. The other advantage of using e-bikes is that it does not cost a lot of money to obtain hence it can be acquired by poor people. Therefore, most people are able to improve their living standards by living a better life.
According to statistics, there are few accidents that are associated with this type of bicycle hence a lot of people prefer using it rather than using other means of transport (Singhal 2007). For instance, the number of deaths that had been reported is lower compared to other means of transport. Consequently, the country has realized a lot of revenue from the sale of petrol that is being used by a number of people.
The other advantage of using electric bicycles is that it reduces traffic jams in major towns hence the country is able to move forward in terms of development (Kock 2007). As discussed earlier, using electric bikes is more convenient since it can move in rocky areas where vehicles and other means of transport can be used. Additionally, it is considered to be faster as it is not affected by traffic congestion (Rakus-Andersson 2009).
Health wise, electric bikes are used by a number of people for physical fitness. Statistics indicate that the rate of obesity in Saudi Arabia is steadily decreasing since people are able to use the e-bicycles for their physical fitness. It also has a high resale value. For instance, it costs a lot to buy compared to other machines that are not original (Wendell & Cecil 1973).
Another research indicates that Saudi Arabians regard social environmental protection and greener commuting as a vital subject. The Saudi Arabians portrayed social studies as a mystifying subject that is incongruent with their future dreams and academic expectations (Ragsdell 2002). Agreeably, the results obtained were adequate since improved systems of greener commuting were interesting to the Saudi Arabians.
Additionally, negative perceptions are experienced because the education system has not adopted an appropriate way of addressing the current issues on environmental issues. Conclusively, the number of Saudi Arabians who had bad attitude towards greener commuting and use of E-Bikes studies was moderate (Werner & Desimone 2009). This was contrary to the results of the previous research studies.
The other research concluded that the Saudi Arabian’s attitude towards greener commuting and use of E-Bikes is determined by their commitments. It is important to note that the research will answer questions like how the use of e-bikes is more beneficial than the traditional bikes. It is also important to determine the approximate number of people who are able to purchase the bikes and their opinions (Association of College and Research Libraries 1964, 168).
Most researches have tried to explain why electric bicycles have minimum traffic rules compared to other means of transport like vehicles and trains (Khosrowpour, 2000). Concurrently, the research to be carried out will not only explain the few limitations of using the bicycle but also how it has affected the living standards of Saudi Arabian people (Boxwel & Boxwell 2011, p. 169).
One of the resources needed in this study is money. Consequently, a lot of money is required for carrying out the various interviews (Pane 2006, p. 61). The other resource needed is the manpower that will be responsible for carrying out the surveys and interviews. Other resources required are office supplies, computers and other devices that can be used in measurement and interviews (Marsden & Wright 2010, p. 37).
Additionally, it will also depend on the time that the survey is expected to last. For instance, quick surveys will require few resources compared to surveys that are carried out for a longer period of time (Melnick & Everitt 2008). Energy is the major focus of most significant economic, environmental and developmental concerns within the modern society.
Clean, cheap and dependable energy services are indispensable for the worldwide affluence (Schein 1988). Emerging nations, specifically, should expand their access to reliable and present energy services if they need to lessen poverty and advance the health of their people. Concurrently, they need to upsurge productivity, improve competitiveness and promote the overall global economic growth (Dougherty & Dougherty 2009).
The current energy sources are not enough to serve the requirements of underprivileged citizens. Consequently, threatens the realization of the MDGs. For example, if there is an inadequate supply of reliable energy services, institutions such as hospitals and schools can never operate smoothly (Kock 2007).
List of References
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