People have always been trying to investigate the nature of the world and obtain answers to the most important questions related to it. The first attempts appeared at the dawn of civilization and suggested the religious and mystical character of a number of phenomena. However, the evolution of society and human thought resulted in the increased efficiency of cognition tools and the appearance of new ideas to describe the main regularities according to which the world and universe function. This process also gave rise to a number of various theories suggested providing at least some basis for further assumptions. In this regard, monism could be considered one of these ideas that revolved around the nature of the world, universe, and all objects.
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Defining the term, monism should be taken as the view that attributes singleness to a concept1. It states that the diversity of objects comes down to a singular origin that determines the nature and the way these very objects evolve. In other words, all things that exist at the moment go back to a source which is distinct from the2. Monism could be considered one of the philosophical schools that tend to describe the origin of the Universe and objects used by people in their everyday life. Besides, material monism tends to specify the term by stating that all objects a person could see are composed of a single element3.
The view could be taken as primitive and complex at the same time. It was suggested in the 18th century when the level of scientific knowledge was not high enough for people to understand the real nature of things. However, this approach provided the basis for further cogitations. Monists suggested their own vision of the material world. They were sure that the existence of all objects could be explained by the fact that they originate from a single source. That is why the existence of a certain singular origin was considered central to the given idea. This explanation of the nature of our world was the first that implied some common basis.
Moreover, adherence to the main ideas of monism could also help us to suggest a specific explanation about the structure of the Universe. If to accept the idea that all objects come from one and common source, we could provide the concept that our Universe might have the same characteristics this very source has. For this reason, the identification of this common source and analysis of its main peculiarities might help us to understand the main mechanisms and regularities of our world. However, be sure in the existence of this common origin, monists were not able to find this very element.
Altogether, monism could be considered a significant stage in the evolution of philosophic thought. It suggested the idea about the existence of a certain source that gives rise to the rest of the objects. Monism introduced its own image of the world and tended to provide some basis for further cogitations. However, this very approach was not able to explain some peculiarities of our Universe. Yet, this idea is still important as it contributed to the evolution of our understanding of the main laws according to which our Universe functions. Moreover, it helped us to realize the importance of further investigation of the world and the creation of new approaches to describe its nature.
“Monism and Dualism.” Philosophy Online. Web.
“Philosophy of Nature.” Physicalspace. 2016. Web.
Schaffer, Jonathan. “Monism.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2016. Web.
- Jonathan Schaffer, “Monism,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016.
- “Philosophy of Nature,” Physicalspace, 2016.
- “Monism and Dualism,” Philosophy Online, 2016.