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Police Misconduct – Articles Review of Police Violence Annotated Bibliography

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Updated: May 3rd, 2022

Portland officers use Tasers on 2 men who had surrendered, costing the city almost $140,000 to settle lawsuits

Provides a scenario on how the Taser has been misused by the police while effecting arrests. The article covers two cases where the jury dismissed charges against two people. The charges were filed by the police who had wrongfully used the Taser on the suspects. In addition, there is evidence suggesting that many police officers do not know how to use the Taser. The need to have a policy with better training on how to use the Taser is highlighted. The article further points out the need to have better guidelines to govern the police on the use of Tasers.

Police and Law Enforcement

The book focuses on numerous debates surrounding the police and how the law enforcement agency operates. The debates have examined various policing aspects in society. The duties that surround the police force and regulations on those duties in events of policing have been considered. The distinctiveness between traditional policing and modern policing is evident in the book. The book points out the deterrence nature of the police arrests but points out that there are detectable mistakes in the said arrests. Individuals have been manhandled by the police and later found innocent by the court. This has led to the loosening of the bond between the police and society.

Police Misconduct in America: A Reference Handbook

The book provides a historical overview of police misconduct in the United States. The book further examines police empowerment and various standards set to minimize police misconduct. The author shows how empowerment has affected the lives of other people. Extensive discretionary powers bestowed on the police have been repeatedly abused. The obligation to enforce certain regulations has been abused.

Criminal Investigation

The author of the book takes a comprehensive study on different modes of a criminal investigation. The different ways of conducting investigations have greatly been abused. According to the book, the exact guidelines regulating investigations have been violated since the focus on the police has been to gather evidence for the prosecution.

The application and use of Tasers by a Midwestern police agency

The article examines different results in circumstances whereby the Tasers have been deployed. Extensive research with statistical analysis has been carried out with strong indications that Tasers have been used against individuals’ physical resistance. In addition, the article shows that a lot of Taser incidents have occurred in private residences, as opposed to public places.

Taser Weapons: Use of tasers by selected law enforcement agencies. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives

The article covers a situation whereby the use of the Tasers has not been considered with the training requirements. The operation protocols and the prevailing safety precautions have not been used to ensure the proper use of Tasers.

Hall, C.A. (2009). Public risk from Tasers: Unacceptably high or low enough to accept? JCMU, 11(1), 84-86.

The above study equates uncontrolled use of Tasers to the nuclear in the untrained hands. The author also points out that the public cannot be assured of safety by banning all Tasers. The controversy surrounding the use of Taser should not be to remove it, but to make it reliable and safe. The reliability and the use of Tasers cannot be underestimated as pointed out in the article.

When is police violence justified?

The article elaborates on the Fourth Amendment whereby the doctrine of use of force has been considered by the Supreme Court and various guidelines are given. The article indicates that, amidst the said regulations, numerous complaints have reached courts whereby the police officers have been reported to use excess force in effecting arrests.

Police Use of Force, Tasers and Other Less-Lethal Weapons. Washington: U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice

The research indicates that the use of force by the police caused injury ratings to civilians to rise from 17% to 64%. The research further indicates that the injuries caused are from minor bruises to strains. Depending on the police agency, the percentage of reported injuries has a likelihood of becoming high.

The ‘Code of Silence’: Are Self-Report Surveys a Viable Means for Studying Police Misconducts?

The article investigates police misconduct, and at the same time, it provides a relationship between police misconduct and the “code silence”. In this case, determining the right number of the detected misconduct is not easy. The article indicates how the survey results of a research conducted showed the impossible nature to get the right answers.

Exploring liability profiles: a proximate cause analysis of police misconduct

The article is a compiled research whereby the law enforcement agencies have failed to follow the training and policy framework. Sustained misconduct evidence shows that the misconduct is caused by the lack of control measures. An overwhelming number of individuals have sought litigation for civil rights abuses by the police.

Exploring the impact of police officer education level on allegations of police misconduct

The study majored in the formal and informal complaints against police patrol. The study greatly shows that police misconduct was interlinked with experience and higher education. Officers with a low level of education are likely to get higher numbers of complaints compared to officers with higher education.

Miller, M.E. (2008). Examining the Effect of Organizational Policy Change on Taser Utilizations. NY: ProQuest.

The book explores the attention that has been created by the police misconduct in local, national and international media. The media portrayal of the police force and the public perception on the use of force has been widely covered by the book.

Introduction to Criminal Justice. Boston: Elsevier

The article suggests that the respective departments, which can stop police misconduct, are unwilling and not ready to improve the situation. There are reported higher numbers of use of pressure in arrests and still there are no better suggestions to stop the police arrests.

Police prone restraint methods and Taser-related deaths

The article suggests that the most restraint methods used by the police in effecting arrests have occasioned to Taser-related deaths. The deaths have affected the police and the subjects of the arrests. In addition, the article shows that the training on Taser use is not beneficial to the citizens since the police stand to benefit. The article indicates that the guidelines should be followed to limit the prone nature of the police in using Tasers.

References

Bernstein, M. (2011). Web.

Chambliss, W.J. (2011). Police and Law Enforcement. NY: Sage.

Wilson, L. (2005). Police prone restraint methods and Taser-related deaths. Police Misconduct and Civil Rights Law Report, 8(1), 229-239.

Travis, L.F. (2011). Introduction to Criminal Justice. Boston: Elsevier.

Miller, M.E. (2008). Examining the Effect of Organizational Policy Change on Taser Utilizations. NY: ProQuest.

Manis, J., Carol, A.A., & Kimberly, D.H. (2008). Exploring the impact of police officer education level on allegations of police misconduct. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 10 (4), 509–523.

Kinnaird, B.A. (2007). Exploring liability profiles: a proximate cause analysis of police misconduct: part II. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 9(3), 201–213.

Kaariainen, J., Tomi, L., Ahti, L., & Joycelyn, P. (2008). The ‘Code of Silence’: Are Self-Report Surveys a Viable Means for Studying Police Misconducts? Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 9(1), 86–96.

Holder, E.H., Robinson, L.O., & Laub, J.H. (2011). Police Use of Force, Tasers and Other Less-Lethal Weapons. Washington: U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice.

Harmon, R.A. (2008). When is police violence justified? Northwestern University Law Review, 102(3), 1119-1188.

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