Modern political life of any country impossible imagines without political parties. Political parties introduce the political life of the country through the ideas and considerations which are put in the basis of these parties and are the main differential features, which make the opposite. American political life is fulfilled with the political parties which make up the government of the country and should function of the benefit of the whole society.
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The history of the modern American parties is very long, and its role on the democracy of the country is significant. It is not the secret that every party should be responsible before the nation for its actions. Responsible Parties Model may be characterized according to the following features: (1) the politics and promises of the parties should be specific, (2) the specific promises should be acted on and carried on by the parties, when they are in the office, (3) parties should be in constant opposition, and those who are out of power should search for the alternatives to the decisions made by the parties with power, (4) the difference between the ideological considerations of the parties should be significant (LeLoup 11).
A Responsible Party Model: characteristic and discussion
Considering the usage of the Responsible Parties Model in the modern America, it can be mentioned that it failed to be provided. The reasons for this may be numerous, the promises cannot be absolutely specific as people in one society search for the improvement in their lives in the same spheres. Moreover, in the condition of present separation of power, it is impossible to follow and to act on all issues, which are mentioned in the model. The current crisis makes political parties in power provide the changes and the reforms of the economical life of people with the aim to improve their economic position and do not have time to care about the political changes which were promised by them.
Except the political parties, there are a lot of other issues and concepts which can be considered as the various forms of political participation. Having provided some researches it was concluded that there are a lot of other forms of political participation. The types of the political participation are (1) voting in national elections and on referendum, (2) different campaigns which occur during the elections, (3) different pressure groups, demonstrations, some industrial strikes (the aim of which is political), and other political activities which objectives are to change the public policy, (4) different social policies, different forms of disobedience, which have civil or political nature, and (5) different social organizations and political parties, which are created by the society in order to provide their opinion to the government (Axford and Huggins 123).
Various forms of political participation
Having considered different forms of political participation, it is possible to mention that democracy is impossible without political participation and that government cares about the rights of those who take in such participation. The information between government and society is mostly provided through the political participants and, furthermore, people are involved in the political life of the country by means of the political participation (Inoguchi and Marsh 196).
In conclusion, political parties of the modern society are the main political participants of the political life, which should tend to follow the Responsible Parties Model. In the modern conditions this model fails to be provided but in future it may be implemented. Parties are not the only participants of the political life in the country and which can be influential and deliver the information of the political life of the country.
Axford, Barrie and Huggins, Richard. Politics: an introduction. Oxford: Routledge, 2002.
Inoguchi, Takashi and Marsh, Ian. Globalisation, public opinion and the state: Western Europe and East and Southeast Asia. Oxford: Routledge, 2008.
LeLoup, Lance T. Parties, rules, and the evolution of congressional budgeting. Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 2005.