Writing a research is one of those tasks that demand great concentration, incredible academic skills, the talent of an explorer and the wish to reinvent people’s perception of a certain issue. However, there is also one aspect of research writing, which concerns rather its technical side than the actual research writing, yet is essential for the paper to see the light and become a full fledged research paper. Listing the nine issues and taking a closer look at what happens in the case of their violations, one will be able to see what writing a research demands.
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Responsible Conduct of Research: Rules, Descriptions and the Possible Conflicts
Not necessarily co-authorship, collaboration includes any sort of cooperation, up to borrowing the research supplies (Goldner, 2009).
Conflict of Interest/Commitment
The given rule presupposes that none of the people reviewing the paper has a personal connection with the reviewed. Therefore, the case when the reviewed is a close friend of one of the reviewers or the editors and the latter are interested in how well the reviewed does in his academic career, certain ambiguity arises. Greenwald (2009) offers a perfect solution: the reviewer or the editor “should not take an action role on a manuscript that in any way implies agreement or disagreement with his or her own published theoretical views or empirical conclusions” (Greenwald, 2009, 33).
The Acquisition, Sharing, Ownership and Management of the Information
The information must be managed with responsibility.
Human Research Protection
In the course of the research, no human being must be harmed.
The Welfare of the Laboratory Animals
According to the APA Code of Conduct, the laboratory animals are not to be harmed in the course of experiments. According to Balcombe, “In ongoing debates about animal experimentation, welfare concerns usually revolve around harms done to animals by the experiments themselves” (Balcombe, 2010, 77).
Thus, the instance in which a laboratory animal is harmed or dies not because of a research that has gone wrong, but because of the careless attitude of the researcher, the violation of the Responsible Research Conduct is observed. Likewise, in the case when an animal dies not in the course of the conducted experiment but because of the conditions in which it was kept, especially the lack of space or pollution (Ballinger et al., 2011, 55) one can see a clear-cut instance of Responsible Research Conduct violation.
As a rule, behind any author, there is a mentor who helps to conduct the research (Corey, Corey, & Callanan, 2010).
To get green-lighted in the academic world, an article must be reviewed by scholars ad published in a peer-reviewed in a scholarly journal.
The given issue presupposes that the author of the research publishes it in a journal.
The last, but definitely not the least, research misconduct involves a variety of cases when a research was conducted in the wrong way. With the given issues, even proper procedures are possible; for instance, in the case of copyright infringements due to the careless use of sources, research misconduct is detected and a proper procedure can follow.
Thus, it is clear that writing a research is more than exploring a certain issue; it also presupposes a thorough study of the research writing ethics and a credit for all the rules that make a research a fair scientific achievement. Once people learn every single rule about honest academic writing, people will be able to share more incredible academic papers and amazing discoveries with the world.
Balcombe, J. (2010). Laboratory rodent welfare: Thinking outside the cage. Journal of Applied Animal Science, 13(1), 77-88.
Ballinger, M., et al. (2011). Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals. Washington, D. C.: Institute for Laboratory Animals Research.
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Corey, J., Corey, M. S., & Callanan, P. (2010). Issues and ethics in the helping professions (8th ed.). Wadsworth: Cengage Learning.
Goldner, J. (2009). Regulating conflicts of interest in research: The paper tiger needs real teeth. Saint Louis Law Journal, 53(12), 1211-1251.
Greenwald, A. (2009). What (and where) is the ethical code concerning researcher conflict of interest? Association for Psychological Science, 4(1), 32-35.