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Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders and Dissociative Disorders
The understanding of the somatic symptoms and ability to diagnose it may prevent the dire consequences that disorders may have on human health. I succeeded in understanding how the following criteria connected to the somatic system disorders, namely the health-related anxiety and dominant thoughts about the symptoms, excessive health concern. There are not many studies that characterize the mental disorders of the population in Saudi Arabia. However, according to recent researches, 14% of students aged 14 to 19 have somatic symptoms (Koenig et al. 116).
The given statistic concerning the illness anxiety disorders prove the significance of problem-solving as every person of any age group can be affected by such type of disorders. The major symptoms are considered to be the following, namely the high level of health concern, repeated checks in different hospitals, and the big amount of doctor’s appointments.
I would like to state that the major reason for the illness anxiety disorders can be stressful events in life, the illness history within the family, or other psychological factors. The treatment can occur through the education and support in the mild cases, however, cognitive-behavioral, and stress-reduction treatment should also be provided to eliminate the progress of the disorder.
It should be stated that it is significantly important to understand the diagnostic criteria for dissociative amnesia. The dissociative amnesia is characterized by the inability of the individual to remember the autobiographical information (Sar et al. 487). The major cause is the stressful events that happened in life. It should be highlighted that the disturbance is usually not connected to physiological issues, such as alcohol or drug addiction. The discussed table concerning dissociative amnesia and cognitive disorders provided a deeper understanding of distinguishing the two types of disturbance.
I learned that dissociative identity disorder is rooted in childhood and can turn out to a chronic course. The main causes are abusive behavior during childhood and brain damage. Knowing the criteria of diagnosis is not enough as the treatment plays a significant role. I succeeded in understanding that hypnosis and visualization can be considered as the perfect treatment for dissociative identity disorder.
The surroundings influence the overall health of the human being in a significant way. It should be stated that neurodevelopmental disorders, attention deficit, specific learning disorders, autism, and intellectual disability are characterized by some problems with brain development that consequently lead to behavioral and mental disorders. I learned that some conditions, namely undernourishment, parental impacts, and genetic disorders, can influence the mental functioning and cause autism and schizophrenia (Millan 2).
The criteria for attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder are significant for the diagnosis. The attention disorders and hyperactivity are characterized by hostility, aggressive behavior, challenges in performing the needed tasks, impossibility to concentrate, and lack of attention (Barkley 12). The stated above criteria may have a great influence on academic activities and the social environment. The discussed statistics of the attention deficit disorders provided a deeper understanding of the issue.
The learning disorders influence academic success, and that is, should be diagnosed while an early stage to avoid severe consequences. Difficulties while reading, struggling with the understanding of what is read, bad spelling and failures in mathematical reasoning are the first symptoms of the learning disorders and should be noticed as quickly as possible. I would like to state that in diagnosing such types of disorders, the attention of the teacher plays a significant role (Koolwijk et al. 592).
The Islamic religion is against any racial or social discrimination; however, during the pre-Islam period, the Arab society used to socially and culturally isolate people with certain disabilities that prevented them from normal life. I managed to see the connection between psychological factors, religion, and culture concerning learning or attention disabilities (Al-Jadid 456).
The Relationship between Suicide and Depression
Depression is considered to be one of the most widespread health issues across the globe. According to recent researches, almost 15% of people experience depression characterized by sadness, guilt, and lack of interest in favorite activities every year (Thapar 1056). Depression may occur because of stressful life events.
The statistic proves that women tend to be more depressed than men; however, males usually do not go to the doctor even though they have symptoms of depression. The depression can have mild or severe forms that can be the reason for suicidal thoughts. Diagnosed people are usually facing alcohol or drug addiction, anxiety, and behavioral disorders. Depressive thoughts may influence the overall mood of an individual that will consequently lead to suicide if the medical treatment does not occur.
The Difference between Feeling Sad and Depressed
Every person can sometimes feel sad or depressed, and it is significant to understand the difference. The criteria for major depressive disorder comprise the following, namely depressed mood, irritation, insomnia, fatigue, suicidality, feeling if worthlessness, guilt, and loss of interest towards the favorite activities.
Sadness is usually related to a certain circumstance and cannot exist for a long time. The sad periodical feelings are typical for the human being; however, the long-lasting stated above symptoms can be diagnosed as a mental disorder, and that is, should be treated appropriately not to transform to severe forms of depression or, even, suicide.
Al-Jadid, Maher. “Disability in Saudi Arabia.” Saudi Med 34.5 (2013): 453-460. Print.
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Barkley, Russell A. Hyperactive Children: Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment. 4th ed. New York: Guilford Publications, 2014. Print.
Koenig, Harold G., Faten Al Zaben, Mohammad Gamal Sehlo, Doaa Ahmed Khalifa, Mahmoud Shaheen Al Ahwal, Naseem Akhtar Qureshi, and Abdulhameed Abdullah Al-Habeeb. “Mental Health Care in Saudi Arabia: Past, Present and Future.” Open Journal of Psychiatry OJPsych 4.2 (2014): 113-130. Print.
Koolwijk, Irene, David S. Stein, Eugenia Chan, Christine Powell, Katherine Driscoll, and William J. Barbaresi. ““Complex” Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, More Norm Than Exception? Diagnoses and Comorbidities in a Developmental Clinic.” Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 35.9 (2014): 591-597. Print.
Millan, Mark J. “An Epigenetic Framework for Neurodevelopmental Disorders: From Pathogenesis to Potential Therapy.” Neuropharmacology 68.1 (2012): 2-82. Print.
Sar, Vedat, Firdevs Alioglu, Gamze Akyuz, and Sercan Karabulut. “Dissociative Amnesia in Dissociative Disorders and Borderline Personality Disorder: Self-Rating Assessment in a College Population.” Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 15.4 (2014): 477-493. Print.
Thapar, Anita. “Depression in Adolescence.” The Lancet 379.9820 (2012): 1056-1067. Print.