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Stoicism Employed in Ancient Rome Essay

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Introduction

Stoicism is a philosophical terminology that promotes unemotional characteristics and values. Persons who embrace stoicism are referred to as stoics. Long ago, Romans’ contributions towards writing innovative philosophical thoughts were limited. However, their ideologies were directed towards the modification of Greek philosophical ideas (Cunningham and Reich, 92).

Body

A good number of Roman emperors employed stoicism in their principles and ideologies. For instance, Marcus Aurelius, a Roman ruler, embraced stoicism since it educated him about fortitude, perseverance, and how to execute his duties effectively. Most leaders campaigned for stoicism because of its tranquil nature. Additionally, stoicism advocates for brotherly characters and that everyone was equally significant in the eyes of a sole spirit.

Roman leaders admired the idea that stoicism defended virtues; while, on the other hand, dismissed material things. Numerous persons in the recent world still embrace this philosophical principle; they include militaries and certain philosophers like Cato and Cicero.

Roman architectures have distinct features that resemble the roman culture and practices. However, some of its architectural designs were borrowed from the Greeks. Roman architecture was characterized by Vaults and arches, especially on public structures. Additionally, their structural designs were based on the domes, for instance, the Baths of Diocletian. Roman religion also played a significant role in influencing the architectural designs of the Romans.

It indicated how the roman solidly upheld and respected their culture and religion. There exist numerous current structures that were erected using the roman architectures. Some of these structures include the Supreme Court in Florida, Jefferson memorial, and national gallery, both in Washington; and London’s St. Paul’s cathedral.

According to the Romans, their emperor was founded by two individuals i.e. Remus and Romulus, based on a mythological story. Remus and Romulus were twins, the children of Rhea and Mars. Unfortunately, the children were left to drown by a relative due to political qualms. However, the kids were rescued by a wolf who breastfed them before they became adopted by a shepherd (Faustulus).

Later after growing up, they decided to build their emperors; Romulus chose palatine hill while Remus used the Aventine. At some point in time, Remus visited Romulus by jumping over his brother’s wall and then proceeded to mock him about his poorly constructed wall. Angry with his brother’s words, Romulus killed Remus since he could not tolerate anyone who mocks Rome. Later in 753 BC, Remus was made Rome’s first king.

Remus populated his emperor with stolen criminals, slaves, and fugitives from the neighboring tribe (Sabines). Following these dishonorable acts, the Sabines declared war with Rome, which was later settled by an agreement that they would merge to form a single emperor (Rome). However, Romulus would remain the emperor’s king. The myth concluded by Romulus being taken to the heavens by his parents.

Separation of power was immensely influenced by the Roman social classes. The emperor was divided into different social classes’ i.e. the poor and the wealthy. Therefore, it was necessary to employ separate bureaucrats since every class had to be protected. Check and balance appear whenever separation of power is being implemented, even though it demands the violation of the former (Jillson, 31). It posed a problem to the Romans, although separation of power worked well for them.

Conclusion

Many roman leaders practiced stoicism in their reasoning and ideological presentations. Roman’s architectural structures were designed by borrowing part of the designs from the Greeks; however, most parts bared their cultural and religious values. Romans argue that their republic developed based on a mythical story of the Romulus and Remus. The republic had to change its governance following some pressing factors.

Works cited

Cunningham, Lawrence and Reich, George. Culture and Values: A Survey of the Humanities. Florence: cengage learning 2009 (7) 92.

Jillson, Cal. American government: political change and institutional development. Routledge 2007 (4) 31.

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IvyPanda. "Stoicism Employed in Ancient Rome." February 3, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/stoicism-employed-in-ancient-rome/.

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IvyPanda. 2021. "Stoicism Employed in Ancient Rome." February 3, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/stoicism-employed-in-ancient-rome/.

References

IvyPanda. (2021) 'Stoicism Employed in Ancient Rome'. 3 February.

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