Employment structure is wide topic that changes with time caused by numerous reasons such as technological and economical development among others factors. In a broad way, employment structure can be defined as the general distribution of the workforce among the three main employment sectors which are; primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.
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Depending with the stage of development, most countries have its population in a certain stage of employment and such example can be explained by pointing out at those countries that are at the early stages of development. Most countries at the early stages of development usually have its population in the primary stage of development and most cases it involves primary behaviors like agricultural activities and so on.
During this development period, a country will also grow in terms of industrial base and hence there is considerable increase in the activities at the secondary sector. This increase is observable through increase of machinery in the farms which obviously replaces the human labor resulting to migration of people to urban areas in such of new jobs in the factories and in big industries.
At the next level, there is demand for more development especially when a country becomes economical urbanized. At this particular time, there is great need for social services and other services such as education, health care, and tourism among others which gives rise to development of the tertiary sector that is characterized by wide use of computers, machinery and robots which also replaces the secondary sectors.
In United Kingdom, this concept of development can be observed to have impacted the society in a large way. For instance, it can be argued that, today there are few instances in which the population is working in the primary sector; this can be attributed to the wide spread urbanization in Europe and the high level of machinery use which has been heavily integrated in the industries taking over the primary sectors in a big way.
Additionally, the primary sector has lost the grips due to the fact that there is less or exhausted primary resources such as coal and land among others.
Today, the United Kingdom makes a lot of imports of the non-renewable resources such as fuel, uranium and natural gas but however, the number of individuals working in the secondary sector has reduced drastically over time.
This situation can be as a result of the fact that few people are required to work in the industries since they have already been replaced by robots in the factories. At the moment, the tertiary sector is the most pronounced and marks the main area of development in UK. In fact, today, a great number of the UK’s population now work in hospitals, schools, offices and in the financial sector as well.
Moreover, since most people have become wealthier, there is also considerable increase in demand for leisure activities including tourism, sports such a rugby and football which are very pronounced in UK today especially the Barclays premier league which has gained popularity across the globe.
The above mentioned situation can be summarized in the graph presented below which clearly show the number of people working in the different sectors and it obviously indicates that a great number of people work in the tertiary sector today.
Internet Geography. Employment structure menu. Web.