In the modern world, suicide is an essential mental health problem. People have a depressive condition due to suffering and daily stressful situations. The number of death and suicide attempts increases today, and it shows the actual public health problem. Although there are many suicide prevention consultations, suicidal inclinations can distort a human’s perception of reality and influence social interaction (Shepard, Gurewich, Lwin, Reed, & Silverman, 2016). The suicidal behavior appears from the interested public, mental, biological, and other particular causes, which insulate people from reality. For this reason, suicide prevention consultations acquire the top priority as one of the potent tools to improve the situation.
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Significantly, a prior suicide attempt is the most critical risk factor for suicide in the general population. The primary goal of therapy or consultations aimed at prevention is to understand the risk for different groups and environments (Ribeiro et al., 2018). It is significant to a valid reaction to the individual’s problem. Mediation is one of the consultation models, which can be a part of social or family life (Stone et al., 2017). For this reason, the suicide prevention consultation should include this method. The suggested structure for a successful mediation might encompass the following elements:
- A consultant has to analyze the live experience of the client. It will help to deal more effectively with the current situation and similar situations in the future. To define the reason through the routine, systematic collection of information should be aligned.
- A consultant should conduct a comprehensive study of the case as the limited investigation will merely show the real cause of depression or a negative vision of reality.
- A specialist should capture and analyze the situation. It concerns the solution of a specific kind of issue that could not be solved alone. The improved and expanded training can be more effective and understandable.
- A counselor should deal more effectively with particular parts of a mental health plan and improve the abilities to work with the same program problems in the future.
- A consultant should build the capacity of informal community care. Collaboration, coordination, and regularity of care are essential to the effectiveness of the program, and the quality of support.
- A specialist should support patients and share innovation.
In general, every suicide prevention model consists of a series of interventions that should be started with detailed explanations and the establishment of trustful relations. This goal can be achieved by using a conversational tone and friendly communicational patterns (Breux, Boccio, & Brodsky, 2017). For a better understanding of the information, experts recommend speaking quietly and softly (Reyes‐Portillo, Lake, Kleinman, & Gould, 2018). All members of the suicide prevention community should become familiar with the program and decide how to collaborate to achieve better results and have a society without suicides.
Implementation of effective interventions in various settings demand in-depth research and evaluation of every case along with the analysis of possible approaches to surveillance. However, many people at risk of suicide do not access health services. Klonsky, May, and Saffer (2016) said that in community surveys up to 60% of suicide attempt survivors state that they have not “…been a patient of any mental health service or professional…” before their attempt (p. 310). The effects of these interventions on the risk levels and target outcomes should be checked, and their impact and cost-effectiveness evaluated. A practical approach requires a comprehensive and coordinated effort across all the systems and sectors that influence communities and their environments.
The federal government should use the framework to liaise with the Department of Health to build on and contribute to the national suicide prevention plan. The program must be supported by the national and international research communities, to maintain the connection and effectiveness. Only under these conditions, the number of suicides will be decrease, and individuals acquire the needed assistance in improving their mental states and eliminating suicidal behaviors.
Breux, P., Boccio, D., & Brodsky, B. (2017). Creating suicide safety in schools: A public health suicide prevention program in New York State. Suicidologi, 22(2), 14-25.
Klonsky, D., May, A., & Saffer, B. (2016). Suicide, suicide attempts, and suicidal ideation. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 12(3), 307-330.
Reyes‐Portillo, J., Lake, A., Kleinman, M., & Gould, M. (2018). The relation between descriptive norms, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts among adolescents. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 48(4), 377-498.
Ribeiro, J., Franklin, J., Fox, K., Bentley, K., Kleiman, E., Chang, B., & Nock, M. (2016). Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors as risk factors for future suicide ideation, attempts, and death: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Medicine, 46(2), 25-236.
Shepard, D., Gurewich, D., Lwin, A., Reed, G., & Silverman, M. (2016). Suicide and suicidal attempts in the United States: Costs and policy implications. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 46(3), 352-362.
Stone, D., Holland, K., Bartholow, B., Logan, J., LiKamWa McIntosh, W., Trudeau, A., & Rockett, I. (2017). Deciphering suicide and other manners of death associated with drug intoxication: A centers for disease control and prevention consultation meeting summary. American Journal of Public Health, 107(8), 1233-1239.