Home > Free Essays > Art > Cinema Art > The Act of Killing: Film Analysis

The Act of Killing: Film Analysis Essay

Exclusively available on IvyPanda Available only on IvyPanda
Updated: Jul 26th, 2022

Joshua’s ‘The Act of Killing’ is a 2012 documentary about Indonesian murderers, their activities, and the exemption they have lavished. It encompasses features of cinema verité, free cinema, and direct cinema. The film queries us as people to peep more thoroughly and more cautiously at what committers partake, perceive, and in what way they justify their activities to themselves. Having viewed this movie numerous times, it is discomforting to observe the cruel acts of culprits. The camera uses natural light to focus which is a feature of cinema verité. The wrongdoers at once compelling and repulsive, horrifying, and gregarious. The documentary protagonist is the murderers themselves; the primary character, Anwar, and his classed unsavory confederates are self-described criminals who achieved authority via their relationship with the Indonesian collectivist party. These aged men perform their antiquity actions of ferocity, garroting their sufferers, beating their convicts, attacking and setting villages ablaze with pleasure. The happiness of being granted the opportunity to renovate sights from the magnificent days of their juvenile is clearly in their sounds and in their eyes.

The shot and personal focus of the video lens forces the viewers to stand and spectator the elation at a quite uncomfortable and proximal distance a characteristic of camera verité and direct cinema. Oppenheimer, with his squad, was capable of persuading the culprits of the mass massacres to chat with him concerning the activities (which they did comply within the movie), but he was also able to influence so many criminals to participate. As the manager stated, Anwar was the forty-first criminal to be interrogated by him. When the military command ascended to authority during the mass killings, General Suharto’s current order might have collapsed almost 20 years ago, the harassment and stigmatization of survivors and the jubilation of the massacres have lingered to impact how these occurrences are renarrated and reminisced in Indonesia. Researching in 1965 is complex, delicate, and occasionally risky, especially for the women and men stayers and their households, who choose to chat about their knowledge. The film has energized, positively among international spheres, caution to this gloomy section of Indonesian antiquity which has long gone mostly unrecognized on the universe stage.

Oppenheimer and his crew warrant the long catalog of celebration and critics’ awards which they have acknowledged over the years. This film has been adopted in several ways by distinct interest categories: by activist circles and academic groups to lobby the government of Indonesia to recognize and redress the massacres, human rights individuals to pull international attention to the mass murders, and by other groups to appeal to the functions of some Western authorities in backing, and even openly financing, the killings. One of this film’s strengths lies in the dismays it depicts and those revulsions that it never portrays. In the sight when Anwar and one of his confederates take Joshua to the shopping center rooftop whereby, he performs his procedure of garrotting his sufferers, he refers to how numerous ghosts could be present there. Surely, Anwar’s footsteps are apparently trailed by the deceased.

Whereas he can partake whatever he wishes to evade them in the event of the day, during the night, he perceives them in his fantasies. Suryono states to the group of prior murderers during a pause in filming in what way his step-dad was snatched and massacred during the night, his corpse abandoned in a manner not different from animals’ bodies to rot. As we view Suryono solely minutes after as he acts the part of a sufferer of torture, we can never help but experience that his step-dad and several others harassed, brutalized, and massacred in the detention regions expanded via the archipelago, are in the same boat with us. And, certainly, the dead are perceived at several points across the movie. The exclusion of sufferer’s viewpoints and their families’ was a thoughtful selection by Joshua with his teammates in developing the documentary. The similarity is factual of the depiction of sexual ferocity in the film. At numerous sections in the documentary, we view the casual and blatant sexual objectification and aggravation of juvenile women: instances involve the dancing ladies who must dance more vigorous out of weird gigantic fish and the head of Pancasila Youth, Surjosumnarno, and the handling of his golf game caddy, a juvenile woman who queries for his inscription, and his amusement concerning a lady who undertakes oral sex on several men since she wishes for it.

The misogynist handling and portrayals of ladies in these manners, although they are seldom coincidental or just meant to produce moments of slight laughter to disintegrate the more solemn and confronting depictions of ferocity, are vital to comprehending the extensive disposition of sexual brutality. The very brief, apparently aside sights that detect the matter of sexual ferocity are those that also chat to the inescapable nature of this hostility. The more noticeable is the scene which depicts Pardede, a resident paramilitary head and a recent murderer during 1965 who links Anwar and his squad in developing the film. This official boasts with laughter that defiling a 14-year-old lady was a moral act. The amusement, Pardede’s description of sexually violating everything he could due to being the ‘law’ reveals, in the brief moments, mutually extensive nature of the violence in sexual acts against women and ladies during the mass killings of 1965 and the liberty with what the ferocity was perpetrated. Briefly, after the sight, a massacre in the village is re-enacted in which children, men, women who were borrowed to perform as the sufferers re-create, in a harsh and blackened nightmare sight, the annihilation of human life in large numbers. The sufferers are dragged into heaps of human bodies or thrown in forests; women are grabbed, their garments pulled and ripped. After the perpetrators shout violent words, the kids are heartbroken, and one lady is apparently overwhelmed and demands to be resuscitated. These short film scenes disclose much by excluding the depictions of sexual harassment perpetrated in the year 1965.

The second part of the film speaks powerfully to the extended and rooted antiquity of freedom in Indonesia, depicting the contended lives of perpetrators and the typically inaudible lives of the fighters. Particularly, it narrates an account of a household of stayers and their associations with the criminals who murdered their son. Taken as one, the two documentaries compel viewers to confront, in an individual and heartbreaking manner, the actuality of life for fighters and culprits who live closely in each place where horrendous viciousness was conducted. Joshua’s two films have attained more, and they linger to pull attention to the massacres of 1965 and the more than 50 years of exemption which have pursued. These documentaries fascinate and repel so that spectators cannot afford to look away. The persistent trauma of fighters and societies, the absence of justice for most deceased, and the continuing freedom for those who conducted the violence are utilized as mirrors to the documentary’s contributors and the audience. The two films are not narrations of reconciliation, redemption, or hope. Since the ancient of Indonesia in 1965 up to now promise none of the above happenings.


“The Act of Killing.”YouTube, 2020. Web.

Bruzzi, Stella. “New Documentary: A critical introduction.” Taylor &Francis Group, 2006.

Rich, Ruby. “introduction.” University of California press 67, No.2 (2013):8-9

Walker, Janet. “The Act of Killing and the Production of a Crime Scene.” University of California 67, No.2 (2013):14-20.

This essay on The Act of Killing: Film Analysis was written and submitted by your fellow student. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly.
Removal Request
If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda.
Request the removal

Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by
professional specifically for you?

801 certified writers online

Cite This paper
Select a referencing style:


IvyPanda. (2022, July 26). The Act of Killing: Film Analysis. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-act-of-killing-film-analysis/


IvyPanda. (2022, July 26). The Act of Killing: Film Analysis. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-act-of-killing-film-analysis/

Work Cited

"The Act of Killing: Film Analysis." IvyPanda, 26 July 2022, ivypanda.com/essays/the-act-of-killing-film-analysis/.

1. IvyPanda. "The Act of Killing: Film Analysis." July 26, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-act-of-killing-film-analysis/.


IvyPanda. "The Act of Killing: Film Analysis." July 26, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-act-of-killing-film-analysis/.


IvyPanda. 2022. "The Act of Killing: Film Analysis." July 26, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-act-of-killing-film-analysis/.


IvyPanda. (2022) 'The Act of Killing: Film Analysis'. 26 July.

Powered by CiteTotal, bibliography tool
More related papers