Obesity is one of the problems that medical workers pay attention to since it leads to various health complications such cardiovascular disease, sleep apnea, or diabetes (Ryan 42). Furthermore, this disorder can significantly impair the quality of a person’s life. This paper is aimed at discussing the causes of this disorder and its effects on fertility.
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On the whole, one can say that the obesity can be attributed to various factors such as people’s lifestyles and genetic peculiarities of an individual (Ryan 42). In turn, overweight significantly decreases the fertility of both males and females through various mechanisms such as the change sperm proteins. These are the main questions that should be examined more closely because they affect the lives of many people.
Researchers believe that overweight can caused by a combination of several factors. In particular, one should speak about sedentary lifestyle that is widespread among many people. This problem is particularly relevant to males who often do not take any physical exercises (Ryan 42). Apart from that, scientists focus on inappropriate eating habits that are also widespread nowadays.
The main problem is that some people consume products that are rich in sugar, fats, and other substances that cannot be easily absorbed by the body (Ryan 42). Apart from that, one should bear in mind that some people may not be able to afford healthy food. Therefore, there is a socio-economic aspect of overweight.
Finally, scientists note that that some people can have a genetic predisposition to overweight. In particular, it is possible to mention Prader-Willi Syndrome or MOMO Syndrome (Ryan 42). Nevertheless, in most cases, overweight can be explained by a lifestyle of an individual, especially his/her diet. This is one of the main aspects that should be considered because it is critical for averting various health complications.
It is also vital to discuss the effects of obesity on fertility. Researchers note that overweight decreases male fertility in several ways. In particular, this problem leads to the reduction of semen quality, erectile dysfunction, and the change of sperm proteins (Cabler et al.480). This is one of the reasons why many males may often become infertile at a very early age.
One should bear in mind that obese males have decreased levels of androgen, and this deficiency impairs spermatogenesis (Cabler et al. 483). It is possible to identify genetic, physical, and hormonal mechanisms in which fertility decreases males fertility (Cabler et al. 483). Currently, there are several forms of therapy that are available to men who struggle with infertility.
For example, one can mention exogenous testosterone replacement therapy (Cabler et al. 480). Nevertheless, more attention should be paid to the change in one’s lifestyle. These are some of the main issues that should not be overlooked by people who struggle with such problems.
Apart from that, researchers point out that obesity significantly impairs female fertility. For instance, the studies suggest that ovarian failure and menopause are more likely to take place earlier, provided that a woman has extra weight (Zain and Norman 185).
Additionally, obesity is related to such problems as amenorrhea, menstrual abnormalities, oligomenorrhea that decrease a woman’s ability to bear children (Zain and Norman 191). These are some of the main risks that can be identified. Moreover, overweight increases the risk of perinatal risks and congenital abnormalities (Zain and Norman 191).
Therefore, one can say that obesity can be a significant obstacle to pregnancy since it results in various prenatal complications. More importantly, the life of a mother and a child can be imperiled. This is why obesity attracts close attention of obstetricians who must safeguard mothers against various risks.
It should be kept in mind that infertility is a very complex problem that cannot be explained only by overweight. At this point, this problem is examined by many scientists and medical workers. They want to understand the exact mechanisms of this phenomenon. It cannot be attributed only to a single cause or factor. Such an assumption can hardly be called accurate.
Nonetheless, overweight can play an important role, and people should pay attention to their lifestyles in order to avoid the risks of infertility or various complications during pregnancy. This is one of the main points that can be made. Therefore, appropriate diet and active lifestyle are critical people’s ability to have children as well as their health.
On the whole, this discussion suggests that obesity produces a great number of adverse impacts on the health of a person. The underlying cases of obesity are related to such factors as lack of physical exercises, genetic predispositions, and eating habits of people. This disorder is associated with various complications. It decreases the fertility of both males and females.
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These impacts can manifest themselves in different ways. For instance, it can reduce the quality of semen in males or increase the likelihood of menopause in women. These are some of the main risks that should be averted. This is why obesity poses a great challenge to many people.
Cabler, Stephanie, Ashok Agarwal, Margot Flint, and Stefan S. Du Plessis. “Obesity: Modern Man’s Fertility Nemesis.” Asian Journal Of Andrology 12.4 (2010): 480-489. Print.
Ryan, Mary. “Causes and Consequences of Obesity.” Irish Medical Times 45.47 (2011): 42-43. Print.
Zain, Murizah M., and Robert J. Norman. “Impact of Obesity on Female Fertility and Fertility Treatment.” Women’s Health 4.2 (2008): 183-94. Print.