The process of addressing the needs of pain sufferers is rather tricky since it requires not only introducing innovative therapies but also teaching the target population about the means of reducing painful experiences associated with their disease. Therefore, several theoretical frameworks will have to be incorporated into the study. Particularly, it is suggested that two frameworks should be scrutinized as possible tools for approaching the issue. The Relational Theory (RT) sheds light on the specifics of the communication process between the participants included in a conversation (Ray & Turkel, 2014). Thus, RT can be considered as the tool for encouraging communication between the stakeholders involved in the process.
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Apart from the identified framework, one will also have to consider the Self-care Deficit suggested by Dorothea Orem (Rostami, Badr, & Falah, 2015).According to the main provisions of the theory, the framework allows for the introduction of numerous aspects from which the assessment can be carried out. The theory suggests that all components of the environment should be considered in order to improve the patient’s health, which is viewed as the ultimate goal.
Furthermore, the theory consists of three key frameworks that shed light on the role of knowledge promotion and the encouragement of patient’s independence plays in the process of recovery. Particularly, the theory is comprised of three elements, i.e., the Theory of Self-Care, the Theory of Self-Care Deficit, and the Theory of Nursing System. While the former two stress the significance of self-care as the basis for raising awareness among patients and, thus, improving their health, the latter suggests that knowledge deficit should be addressed accordingly (Rostami et al., 2015).
Application of Theory to Your Study’s/Project’s Focus
The significance of RT cannot possibly be underrated when viewing the needs of pain sufferers from the perspective of mentoring. Indeed, seeing that the use of mentorship as the means of helping patients handle the painful experiences requires close interactions between the patient and the mentor, RT with its focus on the reciprocal nature of mentor-mentee relationships is bound to shed more light on how the interactions can be improved.
Thus, the foundation for a rapid acquisition of the relevant knowledge and skills by the target population will be built. Furthermore, the quality of communication between a patient and a healthcare expert will improve significantly. Thus, peer mentoring can become a possibility once the theory is implemented and the patient recognizes the need to follow the mentor’s guidelines.
The use of the Multidimensional Pain Theory, in turn, will help evaluate the patient’s experience from several perspectives. As a result, the factors that contribute to the development of pain can be identified successfully and removed, if possible. Furthermore, the multidimensional evaluation of the subject matter serves as the foundation for designing the approach for pain alleviation that will encourage incorporation of approaches from different domains of healthcare.
As a result, a comprehensive strategy that will help inhibit the impact of all possible negative factors and make efficient use of all positive ones can be introduced. The identified framework can be viewed as the foundation for encouraging active learning and focusing on self-management strategies that will help the patient alleviate pain successfully (Jahanpeyma & Akbari, 2016).
Both theories provide a decent foil for the enhancement of pain management. Therefore, to make the pain management process successful, they must be used in tandem. As a result, the patient can be relieved of some of the pain.
Jahanpeyma, P., & Akbari, M. (2016). The effect of Orem’s self-care education on interdialytic weight and blood pressure changes in hemodialysis patients. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 5(7), 294-299.
Ray, M. A., & Turkel, M. C. (2014). Caring as emancipatory nursing praxis: The theory of relational caring complexity. Advances in Nursing Science, 37(2), 132–146.
Rostami, F., Badr, F. R., & Falah, N. (2015). A survey of the Impact of using Orem self-care model on adequacy of dialysis in hemodialysis patients. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences, 4(5), 19-23.