The notion of constructivism and postmodernism are tightly interlinked concepts, where the former focuses on a person’s subjectivism in regards to his or her own cognitive processes or social interchange, and the latter primarily emphasize that there is no pure objectivism since everything is based on perspective. It is important to note that there are mainly two therapeutic approaches, which are narrative therapies and therapies oriented towards a solution (Summers, 2015). Narrative therapy is based on the idea that people’s lives and relationships are shaped by knowledge and stories that have been created by a community of people and are used by these people to comprehend and describe their experiences.
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The main form of work in this approach is the rewriting of history, the creation by the patient of his or her own author’s position through the questions asked by the psychologist and aimed at its development, but with a positive outcome for the patient and, therefore, the effect. During the conversation, the patient retells the story of his or her life, the events of which during this therapy are presented in a slightly different sequence at a certain time interval. Private types of narrative therapy are both a relatively new method of therapy and an older one – therapeutic parables, which in the language of metaphor help the patient to rethink his or her relationship with himself or herself, loved ones, or illness. The narrative method characterizes a detailed survey of the patient in order to determine the potential for rehabilitation from the medical, social, psychological, and family-social aspects. The methods of this therapy can make it possible to determine the degree of importance of satisfying the need for the patient himself or herself, which arose as a result of the problem.
Summers, N. (2015). Fundamentals of case management practice: Skills for the human services. Cengage Learning.