The Pax Roman, Pax a Latin word meaning peace, refers to the period of time where the Roman Empire had prolonged peace for more than two centuries. It lasted for about 27B.C, around A.D 180. At that time, Roman was an empire that no other military power could achieve victory against. And therefore the citizens of Roman could achieve prosperity in the fields of trade, arts, literature, and education. During previous wars, the Roman empire had conquered a variety of lands that some were made part of the empire in which Turkey, Greece, and Egypt were basic formatives of the Roman culture.
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Furthermore, Romans sought to raise a standard of living through the advance of trade and agriculture. In order to keep domination upon the empire and protect its land, Roman armies constructed a system of transportation that consists of roads, and a kind of aqueducts, and tunnels that carry water. They further had improved the system to bring water from the mountains to the cities of roman.
most of Northwest Europe and almost all lands around the Mediterranean Sea were under the jurisdiction of the vast Roman empire. The life of the Romans was a life of comfort and many of the wealthy had a central heating system and used to in villas.
The kind of government at the time was typified in an empire ruled by the emperor, and to carry out the empire’s policies, workers were hired full-time. Provinces of the empire were governed by rulers hired by the emperor. There was one set of laws governing the empire including private and public law, and laws were interpreted by lawyers.
Talking about literature, Virgil represents Rome’s greatest poet. His Aeneid, an account of fiction, relates to the founding of Rome. And for the historical account, Tacitus and Livy performed Rome’s greatest archaeology of history. The alphabet of the Roman shaped the basis for that of the western world. And Latin, therefore, found the principals for Portuguese, French, Italian, Romanians, and Spanish.
Religion was circulated by a holy man who was Jewish and named Jesus. The religion of Christianity was founded by him. And throughout the Roman empire, Christianity spread out.
Mongol Peace is a term introduced by scholars of the west to refer to the effects of stabilization alleged after the conquest of the Mongol Empire on the Eurasian vast territory. The term Pax Mongolia is used as a reflection of the system of communication and commerce eased and unified under one ruling. The conquest included the economic, cultural, and social life of the Eurasians during the 13th and 14th centuries.
It was commonly said that a girl holding a glass of blood could ride from one border of the empire to the other unharmed.
The Eastern world was effectively connected with the Western world by having the territory from Southeast Asia to Eastern Europe ruled. The trade centers across Asia and Europe were connected by the Silk Road that came under the Mongol Empire that performed sole rule upon the territory.
In spite of the lack of religious beliefs, Buddhism was recognized by traditionalists as the country’s natural religion. Several Buddhist sites that the government contributed to its restoration included religious, cultural, and historical centers. But on the other hand, the Government limited and supervised worship places and clergymen. There were no reports of the government doing so. The decentralization of the registration process with several bureaucracy layers, however; for authorization payments were demanded exchanged. Additionally, registration in the capital proves to be insufficient with the possibility of a group tending to work in the countryside in which it is necessary to have a local registration..
The emperor of Pax Mongolia Khan with his complex logic, continued his conquests, contacting all the tribal chiefs from all the bordering territories during the five years that followed, and also he prevailed over the other masters of the steppe. But in 1211 he decided to travel to North China with his entourage had gained wealth and benefits, but they until now unknown to him, sedentary civilization and agriculture, the centralization of power, the lifting of taxes, the organization of the army, Despite the obstacle that the Great Wall of China posed to the Mongolian archers, in 1215 a lieutenant-of Genghis Khan (Mukhali), succeeded in sweeping though the Jin empire towards Beijing, and then to enter into Manchuria and Korea.
Brooks and Richard M. “About Pax Romana andPax Mongolia History”.