Erosion occurs when water runs through the rock. The ice and strong wind blow away soil, transferring it from one place to another, leading to transformation of landscapes. The water runs carrying away particles of soil changing the shape of existing rocks.
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The fragments of rock with ice pass through the surface of the earth causing change of the landscape. The changes on the earth surface because of erosion, creating glaciers. The accumulations of ice in the rivers produce mountains that have existed for a long period of time (Summerfield 57).
The landscapes change in areas with moving water, leading to formation of deep valleys as well as gorges. The common example of water erosion is Grand Carvon, which is 6,000 feet deep, causing scars on the land. Erosion by means of wind affects dry areas, where loose materials are removed resulting to the formation of large depressions, known as the Qattara.
The weathering processes make rocks break into small pieces with different colors after the chemical reactions. This leads to weakening of materials that form soil and later are eroded to be deposited in another place (Dunai 19).
The processes of sedimentation lead to formation of different kinds of rocks after the eroded materials dissolve in water. This occurs when small particles of soil compact as they build and later crystallize. The example of sedimentary rocks formed through this process is sandstone with several layers.
The marine organisms that are fossilized and formed far away indicate the way rocks move to different directions in large scale. Scientists as well as geologists understand the history of planets through locating the available resources and predicting events that cause disaster such as eruption of volcanos and earthquakes (Leeder 15).
The earth appears as serenity that cannot be moved, while the solar system resulted from splitting of the land. Plate tectonics affect geological processes at different times, which people cannot detect immediately they occur. The solid rocks float on the liquid material below the surface of the earth, where the mantle makes plates move forming the continents.
The splitting apart of the plate that formed Rift Valley made the world look different from the way it used to be in the past. The tectonic processes made all continents joined to form supercontinent, while fragmentation led to the formation of different continents that exist today (Allen 20).
According to geologists, the earth went through several changes that made it split; they later joined together to make several small continents.
The earthquakes are caused by huge geological activities, while violent events are a result of a continental move of the plates (Bennett and Glasser 34). People are provided with information on disaster preparedness so that they detect earthquakes and organize some preventive measures. The natural disasters are dangerous, causing numerous losses of human beings as well as property in the nearby areas.
The movement of rocks should be a warning to people that there is a high possibility of an eruption, so that they could ensure the area is out of reach until the problem is solved. When the geological processes are fully understood one is able to know the available areas with mineral resources. The boundaries are made in areas with mantle rock, copper deposits, as well as magma by means of the scientists’ discoveries (Bennett and Glasser 37).
Allen, Philip. Time Scales of Tectonic Landscapes and Their Sediment Routing Systems, London: Geological Society, 2008. Print.
Bennett, Matthew and Glasser, Neil. Glacial Geology: Ice Sheets and Landforms, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1996. Print
Dunai, Tibor. Cosmogenic Nucleides, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print.
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Leeder, Mike. Sedimentology and Sedimentary Basins: From Turbulence to Tectonics, Blackwell Science, 1999. Print.
Summerfield, Michael. Global Geomorphology, New Jersey: Pearson Education Ltd, 1991. Print.