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The SIOP Model: Education Theories Essay

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Updated: Feb 1st, 2022


SIOP is a model and framework which guides teachers on how to plan their lessons. This model is research based and a validated instructional model. This model was intended for teachers of K-12 ESL, secondary content area and classrooms where the language is used in two-way immersion, and education faculty. Instructional coaches and staff developers also use this model. The model benefits all students (Echevarria et.al, 2008).

The SIOP model was designed with an aim of helping educators to effectively teach English Language. It has eight components in preparation of lesson, background building, example input, strategies, interactions, application, and delivery of the lesson and assessment of the student understanding (Echevarria et.al, 2008)

Analysis of features

The content objective is highly evident in the document as it is well defined, well displayed through the demonstrations that were performed in class. This was done by colliding two stacks of books to represent what happens to rocks when they move against each other which were to show the event of a volcano.

The language objectives are well met since there was a clear-cut of what the teacher wanted the students to understand as they did their personal revision; thus it would be easy to explain it later when they have an idea of what they needed to understand. Such is a requirement of the SIOP model for effective content delivery (Echevarria et.al, 2008).

Use of supplementary materials is highly evident as evidenced by the use of diagrams and maps which brings out a clear meaning and faster understanding (Brown & Wiggins, 2004).

There is ample use of learning strategies evident from the frequent use of questions to enable students learn the names of different items used in the study. It also allowed them to learn how to express themselves in different contexts, for example, in this context of learning geographical concepts. For example, the teacher would lift an item and ask its name and how it’s used. This is a content delivery strategy that is aimed at ensuring the students understand the content of the lesson, in a bid to meet the set strategies.

The background of the study was well built, as the teacher introduced the concept of volcanoes from the student’s background, which was the use of books thus it was easy to picture the event and link it to the new concepts being learnt (Echevarria et.al, 2008).


The lesson was assessed based on five features. The total score was calculated and the result attained is 15/20. This is because each feature assessed had a score of 3; hence 5*3 is 15. 20 was attained by multiplying the number of features by the highest possible score; 5*4. Improvements are possible to enhance full application of SIOP by ensuring most of the 30 possible features are applied. Individual features, however, relatively mild also need to be improved if the total score is to be raised.

SIOP model assessed students on the measure of their narrative and writing expository essays. The performance of students in their content area is also a crucial mechanism of assessment in SIOP. This model also encompasses delivery by teachers and advocates for comprehensiveness to ensure both understanding and recall. If lesson planning and delivery standards are to be raised, therefore, then teachers need to follow to the latter the model’s requirements. This can be possible by applying all SIOP features that are applicable to a given lesson plan (Brown & Wiggins, 2004).


Brown, J. L., & Wiggins, G. P. (2004). Making the most of Understanding by design. Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Echevarria, J., Vogt, M., & Short, D. (2008). Making content comprehensible for English learners: the SIOP model (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.

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IvyPanda. 2022. "The SIOP Model: Education Theories." February 1, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/the-siop-model-education-theories/.


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