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Theory of Andre Gunder Frank Essay


Andre Gunder Frank considers underdevelopment as an inherent part of the global economy as each developed country has come though this stage. The developing countries have just stopped on one particular stage of their development longer and it does not mean that the current social, political and economical position of the developing countries remain the same.

This theory is based on the fact that each country develops by one and the same scheme and the developing countries which are leg in economical and societal development have not just entered the necessary stage which ma help them continue their growth.

Considering the development of each country as the process which has the same nature and should subject to the specific rules, Andre Gunder Frank assures that “economic development occurs in a succession of capitalist stages and that today’s underdeveloped countries are still in a stage, sometimes depicted as an original stage of history, through which the now developed countries passed long ago… underdevelopment is not original or traditional and that neither the past nor the present of the underdeveloped countries resembles in any important respect the past of the now developed countries [which] were never underdeveloped, though they may have been undeveloped.

It is also widely believed that the contemporary underdevelopment of a country can be understood as the product or reflection solely of its own economic, political, social, and cultural characteristics or structure” (Frank 1). Immanuel Wallerstein also supports the idea there are particular stages which exist for the development of an evolution of the societies. Only coming though these stages the country is able enter the highest position of its development.

Additionally, Wallerstein is sure that the history should be one of the main sources of possessing knowledge as such countries as USSR and China during the times of Mao are the examples of the rapid growth, however, inability to step on another stage, to see the advantages of the modern development caused their ruining (Wallerstein 415).

However, there are some scholars who disagree with this statement being sure that e development of the country depends on the knowledge of its population and on the way how those societies were governed. The level of social development and human organization are the only contributors to the success of failure of the progress of regress of the societies (North 59).

Therefore, the developing countries at the states they are only because they lack professional human resource and contributor in their economies. In case the developing countries stand on the way of correct political and economical path, their destiny may change. However, in case of the current state of affairs, the situation may never change and being developing countries, they will never become developed.

Therefore it may be concluded that the developing stage as well as underdevelopment one are the parts of the global economy, the countries have just frozen on the positions and they are to continue growth in order to become the developed countries.

Even if the developing countries are not considered as the stage which the country is to come though, this is the part of the global economy as the countries operate mutually depending on each other. The globalization of the economic and political relationships involve all the countries in the international process and the underdevelopment cannot be an exception.

Works Cited

Frank, Andre Gunder. “The development of underdevelopment.” Monthly Review 18 (1966): 1-12. Print.

North, Douglass C. Structure and Change in Economic History. New York W. W. Norton. 1981. Print.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. “The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 16.4 (1974): 387-415. Print.

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