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Typology of Psychological Disorders
The modern psychologists differentiate a wide variety of complicated mental disorders, which hinder the quality of human intellectual abilities as well as stimulate various health complications. Specifically, such groups of psychological conditions as anxiety, personality, disruptive, dissociative, eating, neurocognitive, and somatic disorders. The theory of contemporary psychology, however, enriches the classification with new types regularly since the nature of human behavior is constantly changing (Cherry par. 1).
Psychological Conditions: Exploring the Reasons
Anxiety disorders account for the feelings of excessive fear and worry. There are some subtypes of anxiety conditions, which include phobias, panics, and social anxiety problems. According to the experts, the problem stems from some previous experiences, which imposed threats to personal safety of the patients. Personality diseases stem from the individual phobias.
For instance, if a person is dependent on drugs, alcohol or reveals antipathy to social relations, the respective disorders evolve. There is a similarity between personality instability and disruptive disorders. Thus, the latter is also based on personal phobias but they are distinctive through the constant demonstration of anger and absolute authority (“Disruptive Behavior Disorders” par. 1).
Dissociative disorders represent the group of conditions, which are often inflicted by amnesia. Thus, this category accounts for reality distortion (“Dissociative Disorders” par. 1). The group of eating disorders embraces the conditions, which are revealed through abnormal eating. The category includes bulimia, anorexia, and binge disease. The primary reason for the nutrition instability is social pressure and the individual desires of a person (“Eating Disorders” par. 5).
Neurocognitive disorders are stimulated by physical injuries. They may be traced in individuals, who lost at least one of the cognitive senses, which hinders personal attention and memory. Finally, somatic psychological conditions represent the reactions to physical pain, which is stipulated by some specific injuries.
The category of mood conditions is regarded as a special group of psychological conditions for it is hard to find the agreement on the nature of this problem. Thus, some psychologists state that mood changeability refers to mental disorders, and the others are persuaded that the issue stems from the peculiarities of human character.
However, the condition tends to inflict some complications, which are regarded as psychology-related disorders. These are depressions, bipolar illnesses, and substance-induced conditions. According to the specialists, the preconditions of mood changeability embrace different genetic factors as well as environmental and personality concerns.
The disorder may inflict some serious emotional impulses, which result in suicide attempts, the feelings of helplessness and anxiety, and activity downfall. Therefore, the regular changes of mood may become the preconditions for the development of numerous subsidiary disorders such as anxiety and personality conditions (“Mood Disorder Symptoms, Causes, and Effects” par. 12).
Treatment of Psychological Disorders
The selection of treatment methodology, which is used to address separate psychological disorders, relies on the type of the condition as well as on the degree of symptoms development. The techniques of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and assertive community treatment are usually applied to the issues.
Thus, psychotherapy is based on the individual or group counseling, which is usually used as a method of cognitive disorder treatment. Pharmacotherapy implies the use of medicine, through which the symptoms of psychological disorders are reduced. Finally, the method of community treatment aims at delivering home care and daily assistance to the patients, which accounts for the improvement of their emotional stability (“Treating Psychological Disorders” par. 6).
Cherry, Kate. A List of Psychological Disorders. 2012. Web.
Disruptive Behavior Disorders 2013. Web.
Dissociative Disorders 2014. Web.
Eating Disorders 2015. Web.
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Mood Disorder Symptoms, Causes, and Effects 2015. Web.
Treating Psychological Disorders 2014. Web.