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There is a wide range of diseases that are easy to be distinguished from other pathological conditions due to the presence of obvious symptoms. Unfortunately, it often happens that the possible causes of such diseases are numerous, which makes it more difficult to create a comprehensive treatment and prevention plan. According to the case that we are supposed to comment on, the patient has been diagnosed with low back pain even though no specific injuries that could be the key cause of the condition were found. The effective acute care of the person requires the use of a plan that would include recommendations for healthcare specialists and the patient helping to reduce the manifestation of the acute pain and prevent future injuries.
Emergency human help
Low back pain belongs to the number of disorders that are characterized by the presence of episodes of acute pain in the lumbar region. Due to the presence of common symptoms, it can sometimes be mistaken for radiculitis. The comprehensive teaching plan that is expected to have a positive impact on patient outcomes would focus on a few teaching points. To begin with, both nursing specialists and the patient himself are required to pay focused attention to the use of proper furniture as fixation is effective for pain management (Nejishima et al., 2015). Considering that low back pain can be caused by the imperceptible vertebra dislocation, the flexibility of patients’ futon mattresses acts as a detrimental factor. Patients who report a strong low back pain should sleep on beds that support the back – a mattress should be firm to avoid stronger pain.
The right organization of a place for sleeping is especially important during pain attacks. Another teaching point that has to be included in the plan is related to the use of medicinal drugs and vitamins to reduce pain and improve the general state of health. Several pain medications can be used to reduce the sufferings of people with low back pain; for instance, they include the use of antibiotics, spasmolytic drugs, and NSAIDS (Albert, Sorensen, Christensen, & Manniche, 2013). The use of injections presents a more appropriate alternative in case of the episodes of acute pain. Nevertheless, the patients’ reactions to the particular drug will have to be checked. Another teaching point that needs to be considered for successful acute care related to the use of spine stimulation and other ways to get rid of the low back pain. During pain attacks that the patient experiences, it will be necessary to prevent the patient from moving and provide a safe pain-relieving medication as soon as possible. Only when patients report that their pain has significantly reduced or disappeared, additional measures such as the use of back massage therapy or special exercises can be introduced.
There is a range of recommendations that the discussed patient will have to consider to prevent potential future injuries. To begin with, knowing that the presence of low back pain is connected with autonomic disturbances, I would recommend the patient to avoid stress (Ciaramella, 2014). Also, considering that muscles and nerves can be easily injured because of the rapid change of temperature, the patient will have to avoid swimming in cool water and sitting on cold surfaces even after the end treatment. Another recommendation that is expected to reduce the risk of potential injuries includes the lack of physical activity such as dancing or sports games involving precipitous movements (Steffens et al., 2016). Nevertheless, the patient can use special training programs aimed to prevent further pain attacks and decrease their duration.
Albert, H. B., Sorensen, J. S., Christensen, B. S., & Manniche, C. (2013). Antibiotic treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and vertebral bone edema (Modic type 1 changes): A double-blind randomized clinical controlled trial of efficacy. European Spine Journal, 22(4), 697-707.
Ciaramella, A. (2014). Relationship between psychiatric disorders, perception, and coping of pain in chronic low back pain patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 76(6), 499.
Nejishima, M., Yokoyama, S., Sugiura, T., Kubo, Y., Sugiyama, S., Kobori, K.,… Ohgi, S. (2015). Effects of exercise therapy with trunk and pelvic fixation on acute low back pain: A randomized controlled trial. Physiotherapy, 101, 1078-1079.
Steffens, D., Maher, C. G., Pereira, L. S., Stevens, M. L., Oliveira, V. C., Chapple, M.,… Hancock, M. J. (2016). Prevention of low back pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176(2), 199-208.