Analyzing the effects of media on sleep in adolescents is critical for health outcomes improvement. Table 1 shows that there is a propensity among young people to overuse IT communication tools, which affects their sleep (Johansson, Petrisko, & Chasens, 2016). Therefore, the study results inform the choice of the interventions and treatment methods that will help to restore sleep patterns of adolescent people.
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Discussion and Conclusion
The discussion and conclusion interpret the outcomes of the analysis fully and correctly. Johansson et al. (2016) specify directly that further strategies for convincing adolescents to change their current attitude toward IT tools, in general, and social media, in particular, have critical importance. A significant number of findings in the table bear statistical significance due to the correlation between the variables such as age, gender, use of IT tools, and sleep patterns. Thus, further actions are strongly recommended to address the issue regarding technology and sleep behaviors.
Article Critique: Key Points
Research Question and Background
The research question that the study raises can be considered an important one since it addresses a serious health concern. Particularly, the authors of the study explain why there is the need to know the answer to the question by providing a profound background to the case and stating that innovative technology has a profound impact on the problem of sleep patterns among adolescents and the effects.
With the increasing role of social media in young people’s lives and the propensity among the vulnerable population to be on social networks constantly, there is a legitimate threat of sleep deprivation The background of the study, in turn, provides enough support for the discussion, with a number of researches being rendered in the literature review. For instance, the authors outline the need to consider the multifaceted nature of the problem and correlate external (technological) factors with internal (biological ones) (Johansson et al., 2016).
Methods: Strengths and Weaknesses
The ability to embrace a wide range of people and include diverse participants into the population sample can be regarded as the key advantage of the selected research method. By using the quantitative approach, the authors of the study managed to expand the sample size considerably, thus ensuring that the population is diverse. Consequently, the selected research method can be regarded as an opportunity to include as varied a population as possible. Similarly, actigraphy as the measurement tool can be seen as an advantage of the research since it provided an accurate assessment of the participants’ sleeping patterns (Johansson et al., 2016). Finally, the statistical methods used in the study deserve praise due to the opportunities to visualize the key information.
However, the specified method also incorporates certain problems that may have affected the credibility of its results. For instance, the fact that the selected data collection tool implied retrieving information from participants, and thus incorporated a significant amount of subjective information deserves to be mentioned. The large number of participants also may be a disadvantage since it may misrepresent the actual value that the target population contains. Finally, the use of descriptive statistics as a research method does not allow locating direct correlations between the variables.
Results Presentation and Discussion
The results of the research were presented fully and coherently in the course of the study. The outcomes of the analysis are listed clearly, and one can follow them easily to locate patterns between sleep changes and the use of modern technology. Since the authors of the analysis had designed a well thought-out framework for describing and discussing the outcomes of their study, the results were presented succinctly, coherently, and fully. Johansson et al. (2016) described the main outcomes of the study in the way that offered opportunities for both being concise and representing the essential information that defied the further course of the research. Consequently, the stage was set for a follow-up study on the subject matter.
The discussion that followed the presentation of the key findings interprets the research results effectively since the specified results answer main question of the study fully. The authors also determined the presence of limitations such as the fact that some of the data was drawn from another cross-sectional study (Johansson et al., 2016). A range of strengths such as the opportunity to introduce a comprehensive framework for sleep management were also located.
Outlining the key effects that the research results would have on the quality of sleep in teenagers, Johansson et al. (2016) managed to set expectations for the next studies, denoting the requirements for the follow-up research and establishing the issues that will require the further detailed analysis. The specified information is included in the conclusion of the study, which also incorporates recommendations. The capacity of the study, which allows including the specified elements into the article, shows that the research was conducted in accordance with the set standards and can be regarded as profound and thought-provoking.
Conclusion: Summary and Recommendations
The conclusion to the analysis of the sleep issues experienced by adolescents and the effects that technology has on the sleep patterns of the target demographics was brief yet informative. Therefore, the conclusion can be considered appropriate for the rest of the article. Johansson et al. (2016) listed the key outcomes of the analysis, thus concluding that adolescents may require detailed guidelines regarding the management of their sleep patterns.
Thus, Johansson et al. managed to integrate both the summary of the research results and the pieces of advice for the vulnerable group under analysis. To handle the specified concern, one should design the management tools that will provide the target demographic with a sufficient amount of independence yet also inform them about the need to select a specific schedule that provides enough sleep.
Johansson, A. E., Petrisko, M. A., & Chasens, E. R. (2016). Adolescent sleep and the impact of technology use before sleep on daytime function. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 31(5), 498-504. Web.